The HTML <br> element produces a line break in text (carriage-return). It is useful for writing a poem or an address, where the division of lines is significant.

As you can see from the above example, a <br> element is included at each point where we want the text to break. The text after the <br> begins again at the start of the next line of the text block.

Note: Do not use <br> to create margins between paragraphs; wrap them in <p> elements and use the CSS margin property to control their size.


This element's attributes include the global attributes.

Deprecated attributes

Indicates where to begin the next line after the break.

Styling with CSS

The <br> element has a single, well-defined purpose — to create a line break in a block of text. As such, it has no dimensions or visual output of its own, and there is very little you can do to style it.

You can set a margin on <br> elements themselves to increase the spacing between the lines of text in the block, but this is a bad practice — you should use the line-height property that was designed for that purpose.


Simple br

In the following example we use <br> elements to create line breaks between the different lines of a postal address:

331 E. Evelyn Avenue<br>
Mountain View, CA<br>

The result looks like so:

Accessibility concerns

Creating separate paragraphs of text using <br> is not only bad practice, it is problematic for people who navigate with the aid of screen reading technology. Screen readers may announce the presence of the element, but not any content contained within <br>s. This can be a confusing and frustrating experience for the person using the screen reader.

Use <p> elements, and use CSS properties like margin to control their spacing.

Technical summary

Content categories Flow content, phrasing content.
Permitted content None, it is an empty element.
Tag omission Must have a start tag, and must not have an end tag. In XHTML documents, write this element as <br />.
Permitted parents Any element that accepts phrasing content.
Permitted ARIA roles Any
DOM interface HTMLBRElement


Specification Status Comment
HTML Living Standard
The definition of '<br>' in that specification.
Living Standard  
The definition of '<br>' in that specification.
HTML 4.01 Specification
The definition of '<br>' in that specification.

Browser compatibility

FeatureChromeEdgeFirefoxInternet ExplorerOperaSafari
Basic support1 Yes1 Yes Yes Yes
clear1 Yes1 Yes Yes Yes
FeatureAndroid webviewChrome for AndroidEdge mobileFirefox for AndroidOpera AndroidiOS SafariSamsung Internet
Basic support Yes Yes Yes4 Yes Yes Yes
clear Yes Yes Yes4 Yes Yes Yes

See also