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    The HTML <cite> Element (or HTML Citation Element) represents a reference to a creative work. It must include the title of a work or a URL reference, which may be in an abbreviated form according to the conventions used for the addition of citation metadata.

    Usage Notes:

    • A creative work may include a book, a paper, an essay, a poem, a score, a song, a script, a film, a TV show, a game, a sculpture, a painting, a theater production, a play, an opera, a musical, an exhibition, a legal case report, a computer program, a web site, a web page, a blog post or comment, a forum post or comment, a tweet, a written or oral statement, etc.
    • Use the cite attribute on a <blockquote> or <q> element to reference an online resource for a source.


    This element only includes the global attributes.


    More information can be found in <cite>[ISO-0000]</cite>.

    The HTML above outputs:

    More information can be found in [ISO-0000].


    To avoid the default italic style from being used for the <cite> element use the CSS font-style property.


    Specification Status Comment
    WHATWG HTML Living Standard
    The definition of '<cite>' in that specification.
    Living Standard  
    The definition of '<cite>' in that specification.
    HTML 4.01 Specification
    The definition of '<cite>' in that specification.

    Browser compatibility

    Feature Chrome Firefox (Gecko) Internet Explorer Opera Safari
    Basic support (Yes) 1.0 (1.7 or earlier) (Yes) (Yes) (Yes)
    Feature Android Firefox Mobile (Gecko) IE Mobile Opera Mobile Safari Mobile
    Basic support (Yes) 1.0 (1.0) (Yes) (Yes) (Yes)

    See also

    • The element <blockquote> for long quotations.
    • The element <q> for inline quotations.