Join MDN and developers like you at Mozilla's View Source conference, 12-14 September in Berlin, Germany. Learn more at https://viewsourceconf.org

The HTML <p> element (or HTML Paragraph Element) represents a paragraph of text. Paragraphs are usually represented in visual media as blocks of text that are separated from adjacent blocks by vertical blank space and/or first-line indentation. Paragraphs are block-level elements.

Content categories Flow content, palpable content.
Permitted content Phrasing content.
Tag omission The start tag is mandatory. The end tag may be omitted if the <p> element is immediately followed by an <address>, <article>, <aside>, <blockquote>, <div>, <dl>, <fieldset>, <footer>, <form>, <h1>, <h2>, <h3>, <h4>, <h5>, <h6>, <header>, <hr>, <menu>, <nav>, <ol>, <pre>, <section>, <table>, <ul> or another <p> element, or if there is no more content in the parent element and the parent element is not an <a> element.
Permitted parent elements Any element that accepts flow content.
DOM interface HTMLParagraphElement

Attributes

This element includes the global attributes.

The align attribute on <p> is obsolete. Do not use it.

Example

<p>This is the first paragraph of text. This is the first paragraph of text.
  This is the first paragraph of text. This is the first paragraph of text.</p>

<p>This is second paragraph of text. This is second paragraph of text.
   This is second paragraph of text. This is second paragraph of text.</p>

This produces:

Notes

To change gaps between paragraphs, use the CSS margin property. Do not insert empty paragraphs elements or <br> between them.

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
WHATWG HTML Living Standard
The definition of '<p>' in that specification.
Living Standard No change since the latest W3C snapshot HTML5
HTML5
The definition of '<p>' in that specification.
Recommendation align attribute is obsolete
HTML 4.01 Specification
The definition of '<p>' in that specification.
Recommendation Initial definition

Browser compatibility

Feature Chrome Firefox (Gecko) Internet Explorer Opera Safari (WebKit)
Basic support 1.0 1.0 (1.7 or earlier) (Yes) (Yes) (Yes)
Feature Android Firefox Mobile (Gecko) IE Phone Opera Mobile Safari Mobile
Basic support (Yes) 1.0 (1.0) (Yes) (Yes) (Yes)

See also

Document Tags and Contributors

 Last updated by: Tigt,