<hgroup>: The Heading Group element

The <hgroup> HTML element represents a heading and related content. It groups a single <h1>–<h6> element with one or more <p>.

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This element only includes the global attributes.

Usage notes

The <hgroup> element allows the grouping of a heading with any secondary content, such as subheadings, an alternative title, or tagline. Each of these types of content represented as a <p> element within the <hgroup>.

The <hgroup> itself has no impact on the document outline of a web page. Rather, the single allowed heading within the <hgroup> contributes to the document outline.


The <hgroup> presently has no strong accessibility semantics. The content of the element (a heading and optional paragraphs) is what is exposed by browser accessibility APIs.


<!doctype html>
<title>HTML Standard</title>
  <hgroup id="document-title">
    <h1>HTML: Living Standard</h1>
    <p>Last Updated 12 July 2022</p>
  <p>Some intro to the document.</p>
  <h2>Table of contents</h2>
  <ol id="toc"></ol>
  <h2>First section</h2>
  <p>Some intro to the first section.</p>


Technical summary

Content categories Flow content, heading content, palpable content.
Permitted content Zero or more <p> elements, followed by one h1, h2, h3, h4, h5, or h6 element, followed by zero or more <p> elements.
Tag omission None, both the starting and ending tag are mandatory.
Permitted parents Any element that accepts flow content.
Implicit ARIA role generic
Permitted ARIA roles Any
DOM interface HTMLElement


HTML Standard
# the-hgroup-element

Browser compatibility

BCD tables only load in the browser

See also