<footer>: The Footer element

The <footer> HTML element represents a footer for its nearest ancestor sectioning content or sectioning root element. A <footer> typically contains information about the author of the section, copyright data or links to related documents.

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This element only includes the global attributes.

Usage notes

  • Enclose information about the author in an <address> element that can be included into the <footer> element.
  • When the nearest ancestor sectioning content or sectioning root element is the body element the footer applies to the whole page.
  • The <footer> element is not sectioning content and therefore doesn't introduce a new section in the outline.


Prior to the release of Safari 13, the contentinfo landmark role was not properly exposed by VoiceOver. If needing to support legacy Safari browsers, add role="contentinfo" to the footer element to ensure the landmark will be properly exposed.


  <h3>FIFA World Cup top goalscorers</h3>
    <li>Miroslav Klose, 16</li>
    <li>Ronaldo Nazário, 15</li>
    <li>Gerd Müller, 14</li>

      Copyright © 2023 Football History Archives. All Rights Reserved.
footer {
  text-align: center;
  padding: 5px;
  background-color: #abbaba;
  color: #000;

Technical summary

Content categories Flow content, palpable content.
Permitted content Flow content, but with no <footer> or <header> descendants.
Tag omission None, both the starting and ending tag are mandatory.
Permitted parents Any element that accepts flow content. Note that a <footer> element must not be a descendant of an <address>, <header> or another <footer> element.
Implicit ARIA role contentinfo, or generic if a descendant of an article, aside, main, nav or section element, or an element with role=article, complementary, main, navigation or region
Permitted ARIA roles group, presentation or none
DOM interface HTMLElement


HTML Standard
# the-footer-element

Browser compatibility

BCD tables only load in the browser

See also