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The HTML <footer> element represents a footer for its nearest sectioning content or sectioning root element. A footer typically contains information about the author of the section, copyright data or links to related documents.

Usage notes:

  • Enclose information about the author in an <address> element that can be included into the <footer> element.
  • The <footer> element is not sectioning content and therefore doesn't introduce a new section in the outline.
Content categories Flow content, palpable content.
Permitted content Flow content, but with no <footer> or <header> descendants.
Tag omission None, both the starting and ending tag are mandatory.
Permitted parent elements Any element that accepts flow content. Note that a <footer> element must not be a descendant of an <address>, <header> or another <footer> element.
DOM interface HTMLElement

Attributes

This element only includes the global attributes.

Examples

<footer>
  Some copyright info or perhaps some author info for an &lt;article&gt;?
</footer> 

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
WHATWG HTML Living Standard
The definition of '<footer>' in that specification.
Living Standard  
HTML5
The definition of '<footer>' in that specification.
Recommendation  

Browser compatibility

Feature Chrome Firefox (Gecko) Internet Explorer Opera Safari
Basic support 5 4.0 (2.0) 9.0 11.10 4.1
Feature Android Firefox Mobile (Gecko) IE Mobile Opera Mobile Safari Mobile
Basic support 2.2 4.0 (2.0) 9.0 11.0 5.0 (iOS 4.2)

See also

Document Tags and Contributors

 Last updated by: teoli,