<footer>

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The HTML <footer> element represents a footer for its nearest sectioning content or sectioning root element. A footer typically contains information about the author of the section, copyright data or links to related documents.

Content categories Flow content, palpable content.
Permitted content Flow content, but with no <footer> or <header> descendants.
Tag omission None, both the starting and ending tag are mandatory.
Permitted parents Any element that accepts flow content. Note that a <footer> element must not be a descendant of an <address>, <header> or another <footer> element.
Permitted ARIA roles group, presentation
DOM interface HTMLElement

Attributes

This element only includes the global attributes.

Usage notes

  • Enclose information about the author in an <address> element that can be included into the <footer> element.
  • The <footer> element is not sectioning content and therefore doesn't introduce a new section in the outline.

Examples

<footer>
  Some copyright info or perhaps some author
  info for an &lt;article&gt;?
</footer> 

Accessibility concerns

The VoiceOver screen reader has an issue where the footer landmark role is not announced in the landmark rotor. To address this, add role="contentinfo" to the footer element.

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
HTML Living Standard
The definition of '<footer>' in that specification.
Living Standard
HTML5
The definition of '<footer>' in that specification.
Recommendation

Browser compatibility

Update compatibility data on GitHub
DesktopMobile
ChromeEdgeFirefoxInternet ExplorerOperaSafariAndroid webviewChrome for AndroidFirefox for AndroidOpera for AndroidSafari on iOSSamsung Internet
footerChrome Full support 5Edge Full support YesFirefox Full support 4IE Full support 9Opera Full support 11.1Safari Full support 4.1WebView Android Full support YesChrome Android Full support YesFirefox Android Full support 4Opera Android Full support 11.1Safari iOS Full support 4.2Samsung Internet Android Full support Yes

Legend

Full support  
Full support

See also