mozilla
Your Search Results

    Range

    The Range interface represents a fragment of a document that can contain nodes and parts of text nodes.

    A range can be created using the createRange() method of the Document object. Range objects can also be retrieved by using the getRangeAt() method of the Selection object or the caretRangeAtPoint() method of the Document object.

    There also is the Range() constructor available.

    Properties

    There are no inherited properties.

    Range.collapsed Read only
    Returns a Boolean indicating whether the range's start and end points are at the same position.
    Range.commonAncestorContainer Read only
    Returns the deepest Node that contains the startContainer and endContainer nodes.
    Range.endContainer Read only
    Returns the Node within which the Range ends.
    Range.endOffset Read only
    Returns a number representing where in the endContainer the Range ends.
    Range.startContainer Read only
    Returns the Node within which the Range starts.
    Range.startOffset Read only
    Returns a number representing where in the startContainer the Range starts.

    Constructor

    Range()
    Returns a Range object with the global Document as its start and end.

    Methods

    There are no inherited methods.

    Range.setStart()
    Sets the start position of a Range.
    Range.setEnd()
    Sets the end position of a Range.
    Range.setStartBefore()
    Sets the start position of a Range relative to another Node.
    Range.setStartAfter()
    Sets the start position of a Range relative to another Node.
    Range.setEndBefore()
    Sets the end position of a Range relative to another Node.
    Range.setEndAfter()
    Sets the end position of a Range relative to another Node.
    Range.selectNode()
    Sets the Range to contain the Node and its contents.
    Range.selectNodeContents()
    Sets the Range to contain the contents of a Node.
    Range.collapse()
    Collapses the Range to one of its boundary points.
    Range.cloneContents()
    Returns a DocumentFragment copying the nodes of a Range.
    Range.deleteContents()
    Removes the contents of a Range from the Document.
    Range.extractContents()
    Moves contents of a Range from the document tree into a DocumentFragment.
    Range.insertNode()
    Insert a Node at the start of a Range.
    Range.surroundContents()
    Moves content of a Range into a new Node.
    Range.compareBoundaryPoints()
    Compares the boundary points of the Range with another Range.
    Range.cloneRange()
    Returns a Range object with boundary points identical to the cloned Range.
    Range.detach()
    Releases the Range from use to improve performance.
    Range.toString()
    Returns the text of the Range.
    Range.compareNode()
    Returns a constant representing whether the Node is before, after, inside, or surrounding the range.
    Range.comparePoint()
    Returns -1, 0, or 1 indicating whether the point occurs before, inside, or after the Range.
    Range.createContextualFragment()
    Returns a DocumentFragment created from a given string of code.
    Range.getBoundingClientRect()
    Returns a ClientRect object which bounds the entire contents of the Range; this would be the union of all the rectangles returned by range.getClientRects().
    Range.getClientRects()
    Returns a list of ClientRect objects that aggregates the results of Element.getClientRects() for all the elements in the Range.
    Range.intersectsNode()
    Returns a boolean indicating whether the given node intersects the Range.
    Range.isPointInRange()
    Returns a boolean indicating whether the given point is in the Range.

    Specifications

    Specification Status Comment
    DOM
    The definition of 'Range' in that specification.
    Living Standard Do not use RangeException anymore, use DOMException instead.
    Made the second parameter of collapse() optional.
    Added the methods isPointInRange(), comparePoint(), and intersectsNode().
    Added the constructor Range().
    DOM Parsing and Serialization
    The definition of 'Extensions to Range' in that specification.
    Living Standard Added the method createContextualFragment().
    CSS Object Model (CSSOM) View Module
    The definition of 'Extensions to Range' in that specification.
    Working Draft Added the methods getClientRects() and getBoundingClientRect().
    Document Object Model (DOM) Level 2 Traversal and Range Specification
    The definition of 'Range' in that specification.
    Recommendation Initial specification.

    Browser compatibility

    Feature Chrome Firefox (Gecko) Internet Explorer Opera Safari
    Basic support (Yes) 1.0 (1.7 or earlier) [1] 9.0 9.0 (Yes)
    Range() constructor (Yes) 24.0 (24.0) Not supported 15.0 (Yes)
    compareNode() Not supported 1.0 (1.7 or earlier)
    Removed in 3.0 (1.9)
    Not supported Not supported Not supported
    isPointInRange(), and comparePoint() (Yes) (Yes) Not supported 15.0 ?
    intersectsNode() (Yes) 17.0 (17.0) [2] Not supported 15.0 ?
    getClientRects() and getBoundingClientRect() (Yes) 4.0 (2.0) 9 15.0 5
    createContextualFragment() (Yes) (Yes) Not supported 15.0 ?
    Feature Android Firefox Mobile (Gecko) IE Mobile Opera Mobile Safari Mobile
    Basic support (Yes) 1.0 (1.0) [1] 9.0 9.0 (Yes)

    [1] Starting with Gecko 13.0 (Firefox 13.0 / Thunderbird 13.0 / SeaMonkey 2.10) the Range object throws a DOMException as defined in DOM 4, instead of a RangeException defined in prior specifications.

    [2] Gecko supported it up to Gecko 1.9, then removed it until Gecko 17 where it was reimplemented, matching the spec.

    See also

    Document Tags and Contributors

    Tags: 
    Last updated by: teoli,