Selection: getRangeAt() method

The getRangeAt() method of the Selection interface returns a range object representing a currently selected range.

If the endpoints of the selected range are within a shadow tree then JavaScript does not have visibility of the shadow nodes, and the method should re-scope the range to include the host element that contains the end point. In practice most browsers do not yet implement this behavior, and the returned range is unpredictable.

Note: When selecting within nodes that might contain a shadow root, you can use Selection.getComposedRanges() (if supported) to get a selection range inside a shadow tree, or to reliably re-scope the selection to the host node.





The zero-based index of the range to return. A negative number or a number greater than or equal to Selection.rangeCount will result in an error.

Return value

The specified Range object.


let ranges = [];

sel = window.getSelection();

for (let i = 0; i < sel.rangeCount; i++) {
  ranges[i] = sel.getRangeAt(i);
/* Each item in the ranges array is now
 * a range object representing one of the
 * ranges in the current selection */


Selection API
# dom-selection-getrangeat

Browser compatibility

BCD tables only load in the browser

See also