<td>: The Table Data Cell element

The HTML <td> element defines a cell of a table that contains data. It participates in the table model.

Content categories Sectioning root.
Permitted content Flow content.
Tag omission The start tag is mandatory.
The end tag may be omitted, if it is immediately followed by a <th> or <td> element or if there are no more data in its parent element.
Permitted parents A <tr> element.
Implicit ARIA role cell if a descendant of a <table> element
Permitted ARIA roles Any
DOM interface HTMLTableDataCellElement

Attributes

This element includes the global attributes.

colspan
This attribute contains a non-negative integer value that indicates for how many columns the cell extends. Its default value is 1. Values higher than 1000 will be considered as incorrect and will be set to the default value (1).
headers
This attribute contains a list of space-separated strings, each corresponding to the id attribute of the <th> elements that apply to this element.
rowspan
This attribute contains a non-negative integer value that indicates for how many rows the cell extends. Its default value is 1; if its value is set to 0, it extends until the end of the table section (<thead>, <tbody>, <tfoot>, even if implicitly defined), that the cell belongs to. Values higher than 65534 are clipped down to 65534.

Deprecated attributes

abbr

This attribute contains a short abbreviated description of the cell's content. Some user-agents, such as speech readers, may present this description before the content itself.

Note: Do not use this attribute as it is obsolete in the latest standard. Alternatively, you can put the abbreviated description inside the cell and place the long content in the title attribute.
align

This enumerated attribute specifies how the cell content's horizontal alignment will be handled. Possible values are:

  • left: The content is aligned to the left of the cell.
  • center: The content is centered in the cell.
  • right: The content is aligned to the right of the cell.
  • justify (with text only): The content is stretched out inside the cell so that it covers its entire width.
  • char (with text only): The content is aligned to a character inside the <th> element with minimal offset. This character is defined by the char and charoff attributes Unimplemented (see bug 2212).

The default value when this attribute is not specified is left.

Note:
  • To achieve the same effect as the left, center, right or justify values, apply the CSS text-align property to the element.
  • To achieve the same effect as the char value, give the text-align property the same value you would use for the char. Unimplemented in CSS3.
axis
This attribute contains a list of space-separated strings. Each string is the id of a group of cells that this header applies to.
bgcolor

This attribute defines the background color of each cell in a column. It is a 6-digit hexadecimal RGB code, prefixed by a '#'. One of the predefined color kewords can also be used.

To achieve a similar effect, use the CSS background-color property.

char
The content in the cell element is aligned to a character. Typical values include a period (.) to align numbers or monetary values. If align is not set to char, this attribute is ignored.
charoff
This attribute is used to shift column data to the right of the character specified by the char attribute. Its value specifies the length of this shift.
height
This attribute is used to define a recommended cell height. Use the CSS height property instead.
scope
This enumerated attribute defines the cells that the header (defined in the <th>) element relates to. Only use this attribute with the <th> element to define the row or column for which it is a header.
valign
This attribute specifies how a text is vertically aligned inside a cell. Possible values for this attribute are:
  • baseline: Positions the text near the bottom of the cell and aligns it with the baseline of the characters instead of the bottom. If characters don't descend below the baseline, the baseline value achieves the same effect as bottom.
  • bottom: Positions the text near the bottom of the cell.
  • middle: Centers the text in the cell.
  • and top: Positions the text near the top of the cell.

To achieve a similar effect, use the CSS vertical-align property.

width
This attribute is used to define a recommended cell width. Use the CSS width property instead.

Examples

See <table> for examples on <td>.

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
HTML Living Standard
The definition of 'td element' in that specification.
Living Standard
HTML5
The definition of 'td element' in that specification.
Recommendation

Browser compatibility

Update compatibility data on GitHub
DesktopMobile
ChromeEdgeFirefoxInternet ExplorerOperaSafariAndroid webviewChrome for AndroidFirefox for AndroidOpera for AndroidSafari on iOSSamsung Internet
tdChrome Full support 1Edge Full support 12Firefox Full support 1IE Full support YesOpera Full support YesSafari Full support YesWebView Android Full support YesChrome Android Full support YesFirefox Android Full support 4Opera Android Full support YesSafari iOS Full support YesSamsung Internet Android Full support Yes
abbr
Deprecated
Chrome Full support 1Edge Full support 12Firefox Full support 1IE Full support YesOpera Full support YesSafari Full support YesWebView Android Full support YesChrome Android Full support YesFirefox Android Full support 4Opera Android Full support YesSafari iOS Full support YesSamsung Internet Android Full support Yes
align
Deprecated
Chrome ? Edge Full support 12Firefox No support No
Notes
No support No
Notes
Notes See bug 915
IE Full support YesOpera ? Safari ? WebView Android ? Chrome Android ? Firefox Android No support No
Notes
No support No
Notes
Notes See bug 915
Opera Android ? Safari iOS ? Samsung Internet Android ?
axis
Deprecated
Chrome Full support 1Edge Full support 12Firefox Full support 1IE Full support YesOpera Full support YesSafari Full support YesWebView Android Full support YesChrome Android Full support YesFirefox Android Full support 4Opera Android Full support YesSafari iOS Full support YesSamsung Internet Android Full support Yes
bgcolor
Deprecated
Chrome ? Edge ? Firefox No support NoIE Full support YesOpera ? Safari ? WebView Android ? Chrome Android ? Firefox Android No support NoOpera Android ? Safari iOS ? Samsung Internet Android ?
char
Deprecated
Chrome ? Edge Full support 12Firefox No support No
Notes
No support No
Notes
Notes See bug 2212
IE Full support YesOpera ? Safari ? WebView Android ? Chrome Android ? Firefox Android No support No
Notes
No support No
Notes
Notes See bug 2212
Opera Android ? Safari iOS ? Samsung Internet Android ?
charoff
Deprecated
Chrome ? Edge Full support 12Firefox No support No
Notes
No support No
Notes
Notes See bug 2212
IE Full support YesOpera ? Safari ? WebView Android ? Chrome Android ? Firefox Android No support No
Notes
No support No
Notes
Notes See bug 2212
Opera Android ? Safari iOS ? Samsung Internet Android ?
colspanChrome Full support 1Edge Full support 12Firefox Full support 1IE Full support YesOpera Full support YesSafari Full support YesWebView Android Full support YesChrome Android Full support YesFirefox Android Full support 4Opera Android Full support YesSafari iOS Full support YesSamsung Internet Android Full support Yes
headersChrome Full support 1Edge Full support 12Firefox Full support 1IE Full support YesOpera Full support YesSafari Full support YesWebView Android Full support YesChrome Android Full support YesFirefox Android Full support 4Opera Android Full support YesSafari iOS Full support YesSamsung Internet Android Full support Yes
rowspanChrome Full support 1Edge Full support 12Firefox Full support 1IE Full support YesOpera Full support YesSafari Full support YesWebView Android Full support YesChrome Android Full support YesFirefox Android Full support 4Opera Android Full support YesSafari iOS Full support YesSamsung Internet Android Full support Yes
scope
Deprecated
Chrome Full support 1Edge Full support 12Firefox Full support 1IE Full support YesOpera Full support YesSafari Full support YesWebView Android Full support YesChrome Android Full support YesFirefox Android Full support 4Opera Android Full support YesSafari iOS Full support YesSamsung Internet Android Full support Yes
valign
Deprecated
Chrome ? Edge Full support 12Firefox No support No
Notes
No support No
Notes
Notes See bug 915
IE Full support YesOpera ? Safari ? WebView Android ? Chrome Android ? Firefox Android No support No
Notes
No support No
Notes
Notes See bug 915
Opera Android ? Safari iOS ? Samsung Internet Android ?
width
Deprecated
Chrome Full support 1Edge Full support 12Firefox Full support 1IE Full support YesOpera Full support YesSafari Full support YesWebView Android Full support YesChrome Android Full support YesFirefox Android Full support 4Opera Android Full support YesSafari iOS Full support YesSamsung Internet Android Full support Yes

Legend

Full support  
Full support
No support  
No support
Compatibility unknown  
Compatibility unknown
Deprecated. Not for use in new websites.
Deprecated. Not for use in new websites.
See implementation notes.
See implementation notes.