presentation role and its synonym
none remove an element's implicit ARIA semantics from being exposed to the accessibility tree.
The content of the element will still be available to assistive technologies; it is only the semantics of the container — and in some instance, required associated descendants — which will no longer expose their mappings to the accessibility API.
While ARIA is primarily used to express semantics, there are some situations where hiding an element's semantics from assistive technologies is helpful. This is done with the
presentation role or its synonym role
none, which declare that an element is being used only for presentation and therefore does not have any accessibility semantics.
<h2 role="presentation">Democracy Dies in Darkness</h2> removes the heading semantics of the h2 element, making it the equivalent of
<div>Democracy Dies in Darkness</div>. The heading role semantics are removed, but the content itself is still available.
When an element has required descendants, such as the various
<table>, elements and
<li>s children of a
none role on the table or list removes the default semantics of the element on which it was applied and their required descendant elements.
none is applied to a
<table> element, the descendant
<td> elements inherit the role and are thus not exposed to assistive technologies. But, elements inside of the
<td> elements, including nested tables, are exposed to assistive technologies.
<ul role="presentation"> <li> <a href="#">Link 1</a> </li> <li> <a href="#">Link 2</a> </li> <li> <a href="#">Link 3</a> </li> </ul>
presentation role was applied to the
<ul> element, every child
<li> element inherits the
presentation role. This is because ARIA requires the
listitem elements to have a parent
list element. While the
<li> elements, in this case, are not exposed to assistive technologies, descendants of those required elements are exposed. If we had nested a list within one of those
<li>'s, they would be visible to assistive technologies. For elements with no required children, any elements nested inside the element with
role="none" preserve their semantics. In this case, the
<a> elements contained inside of those
<li> elements are exposed.
<a> is a special case. Its role would have been exposed even if it had the
none role directly applied to it. Browsers ignore
role="none"on focusable elements, including link and inputs, or anything with a tabindex attribute set. Browsers also ignore the inclusion of the role if any of the element contains any global ARIA states and properties, such as
None. If a global ARIA state and property is set,
none will be ignored, and the implicit role of the element will be used.
<hr role="none" />
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|ARIA Authoring Practices |