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Block-level elements

"Block-level" is categorization of HTML elements, as contrasted with "inline" elements. Block-level elements may appear only within a <body> element. Their most significant characteristic is that they typically are formatted with a line break before and after the element (thereby creating a stand-alone block of content).

The differences between inline and block-level elements are:

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Content model
Generally, block-level elements may contain inline elements and other block-level elements. Inherent in this structural distinction is the idea that block elements create "larger" structures than inline elements.

The distinction of block-level vs. inline elements is used in HTML specifications up  to 4.01. In HTML5, this binary distinction is replaced with a more complex set of content categories. The "block-level" category roughly corresponds to the category of flow content in HTML5, while "inline" corresponds to phrasing content, but there are additional categories.


The following is a complete list of all HTML block level elements (although "block-level" is not technically defined for elements that are new in HTML5).

Contact information.
<article> HTML5
Article content.
<aside> HTML5
Aside content.
<audio> HTML5
Audio player.
Long ("block") quotation.
<canvas> HTML5
Drawing canvas.
Definition description.
Document division.
Definition list.
Field set label.
<figcaption> HTML5
Figure caption.
<figure> HTML5
Groups media content with a caption (see <figcaption>).
<footer> HTML5
Section or page footer.
Input form.
<h1>, <h2>, <h3>, <h4>, <h5>, <h6>
Heading levels 1-6.
<header> HTML5
Section or page header.
<hgroup> HTML5
Groups header information.
Horizontal rule (dividing line).

Content to use if scripting is not supported or turned off.
Ordered list.
<output> HTML5
Form output.
Preformatted text.
<section> HTML5
Section of a web page.
Table footer.
Unordered list.
<video> HTML5
Video player.

See also

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