HTMLElement: beforeinput event

The DOM beforeinput event fires when the value of an <input>, <select>, or <textarea> element is about to be modified. The event also applies to elements with contenteditable enabled, and to any element when designMode is turned on.

In the case of contenteditable and designMode, the event target is the editing host. If these properties apply to multiple elements, the editing host is the nearest ancestor element whose parent isn't editable.

Bubbles Yes
Cancelable Yes
Interface InputEvent
Event handler property None
Sync / Async Sync
Composed Yes
Default Action Update the DOM element

Examples

Feature Detection

The following function returns true if beforeinput, and thus getTargetRanges, is supported.

function isBeforeInputEventAvailable() {
  return window.InputEvent && typeof InputEvent.prototype.getTargetRanges === "function";
}

Simple logger

This example logs the current value of the element, immediately before replacing that value with the new one applied to the <input> element.

HTML

<input placeholder="Enter some text" name="name"/>
<p id="values"></p>

JavaScript

const input = document.querySelector('input');
const log = document.getElementById('values');

input.addEventListener('beforeinput', updateValue);

function updateValue(e) {
  log.textContent = e.target.value;
}

Result

Specifications

Specification Status
UI Events
The definition of 'beforeinput event' in that specification.
Working Draft

Browser compatibility

BCD tables only load in the browser

See also