Example 4

This is the fourth example that explain how to build custom form widgets.

Change states

HTML Content

<form class="no-widget">
  <select name="myFruit">
    <option>Cherry</option>
    <option>Lemon</option>
    <option>Banana</option>
    <option>Strawberry</option>
    <option>Apple</option>
  </select>

  <div class="select">
    <span class="value">Cherry</span>
    <ul class="optList hidden">
      <li class="option">Cherry</li>
      <li class="option">Lemon</li>
      <li class="option">Banana</li>
      <li class="option">Strawberry</li>
      <li class="option">Apple</li>
    </ul>
  </div>
</form>

CSS Content

.widget select,
.no-widget .select {
  position: absolute;
  left: -5000em;
  height: 0;
  overflow: hidden;
}

/* --------------- */
/* Required Styles */
/* --------------- */

.select {
  position: relative;
  display: inline-block;
}

.select.active,
.select:focus {
  box-shadow: 0 0 3px 1px #227755;
  outline: none;
}

.select .optList {
  position: absolute;
  top: 100%;
  left: 0;
}

.select .optList.hidden {
  max-height: 0;
  visibility: hidden;
}

/* ------------ */
/* Fancy Styles */
/* ------------ */

.select {
  font-size: 0.625em; /* 10px */
  font-family: Verdana, Arial, sans-serif;

  box-sizing: border-box;

  padding: 0.1em 2.5em 0.2em 0.5em; /* 1px 25px 2px 5px */
  width: 10em; /* 100px */

  border: 0.2em solid #000; /* 2px */
  border-radius: 0.4em; /* 4px */

  box-shadow: 0 0.1em 0.2em rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.45); /* 0 1px 2px */

  background: #f0f0f0;
  background: linear-gradient(0deg, #e3e3e3, #fcfcfc 50%, #f0f0f0);
}

.select .value {
  display: inline-block;
  width: 100%;
  overflow: hidden;

  white-space: nowrap;
  text-overflow: ellipsis;
  vertical-align: top;
}

.select:after {
  content: "▼";
  position: absolute;
  z-index: 1;
  height: 100%;
  width: 2em; /* 20px */
  top: 0;
  right: 0;

  padding-top: 0.1em;

  box-sizing: border-box;

  text-align: center;

  border-left: 0.2em solid #000;
  border-radius: 0 0.1em 0.1em 0;

  background-color: #000;
  color: #fff;
}

.select .optList {
  z-index: 2;

  list-style: none;
  margin: 0;
  padding: 0;

  background: #f0f0f0;
  border: 0.2em solid #000;
  border-top-width: 0.1em;
  border-radius: 0 0 0.4em 0.4em;

  box-shadow: 0 0.2em 0.4em rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.4);

  box-sizing: border-box;

  min-width: 100%;
  max-height: 10em; /* 100px */
  overflow-y: auto;
  overflow-x: hidden;
}

.select .option {
  padding: 0.2em 0.3em;
}

.select .highlight {
  background: #000;
  color: #ffffff;
}

JavaScript Content

// -------------------- //
// Function definitions //
// -------------------- //

function deactivateSelect(select) {
  if (!select.classList.contains('active')) return;

  const optList = select.querySelector('.optList');

  optList.classList.add('hidden');
  select.classList.remove('active');
}

function activeSelect(select, selectList) {
  if (select.classList.contains('active')) return;

  selectList.forEach(deactivateSelect);
  select.classList.add('active');
};

function toggleOptList(select, show) {
  const optList = select.querySelector('.optList');

  optList.classList.toggle('hidden');
}

function highlightOption(select, option) {
  const optionList = select.querySelectorAll('.option');

  optionList.forEach((other) => {
    other.classList.remove('highlight');
  });

  option.classList.add('highlight');
};

function updateValue(select, index) {
  const nativeWidget = select.previousElementSibling;
  const value = select.querySelector('.value');
  const optionList = select.querySelectorAll('.option');

  nativeWidget.selectedIndex = index;
  value.innerHTML = optionList[index].innerHTML;
  highlightOption(select, optionList[index]);
};

function getIndex(select) {
  const nativeWidget = select.previousElementSibling;

  return nativeWidget.selectedIndex;
};

// ------------- //
// Event binding //
// ------------- //

window.addEventListener("load", () => {
  const form = document.querySelector('form');

  form.classList.remove("no-widget");
  form.classList.add("widget");
});

window.addEventListener('load', () => {
  const selectList = document.querySelectorAll('.select');

  selectList.forEach((select) => {
    const optionList = select.querySelectorAll('.option');

    optionList.forEach((option) => {
      option.addEventListener('mouseover', () => {
        highlightOption(select, option);
      });
    });

    select.addEventListener('click', (event) => {
      toggleOptList(select);
    });

    select.addEventListener('focus', (event) => {
      activeSelect(select, selectList);
    });

    select.addEventListener('blur', (event) => {
      deactivateSelect(select);
    });
  });
});

window.addEventListener('load', () => {
  const selectList = document.querySelectorAll('.select');

  selectList.forEach((select) => {
    const optionList = select.querySelectorAll('.option');
    const selectedIndex = getIndex(select);

    select.tabIndex = 0;
    select.previousElementSibling.tabIndex = -1;

    updateValue(select, selectedIndex);

    optionList.forEach((option, index) => {
      option.addEventListener('click', (event) => {
        updateValue(select, index);
      });
    });

    select.addEventListener('keyup', (event) => {
      let index = getIndex(select);

      if (event.keyCode === 27) {
        deactivateSelect(select);
      }
      if (event.keyCode === 40 && index < optionList.length - 1) {
        index++;
      }
      if (event.keyCode === 38 && index > 0) {
        index--;
      }

      updateValue(select, index);
    });
  });
});

Result