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The HTML <br> element produces a line break in text (carriage-return). It is useful for writing a poem or an address, where the division of lines is significant.

Content categories Flow content, phrasing content.
Permitted content None, it is an empty element.
Tag omission Must have a start tag, and must not have an end tag. In XHTML documents, write this element as <br />.
Permitted parents Any element that accepts phrasing content.
Permitted ARIA roles Any
DOM interface HTMLBRElement


This element's attributes include the global attributes.

clear Deprecated since HTML4.01 Obsolete since HTML5
Indicates where to begin the next line after the break.

Usage note: This attribute is obsolete in HTML5 and should not be used by authors. Use the CSS clear property instead.


Do not use <br> to increase the gap between lines of text; use the CSS margin property or the <p> element.


Mozilla Foundation<br>
1981 Landings Drive<br>
Building K<br>
Mountain View, CA 94043-0801<br>

The HTML above outputs:

Mozilla Foundation
1981 Landings Drive
Building K
Mountain View, CA 94043-0801

Accessibility concerns

Using a series of <br> elements to increase the space between paragraphs of text is problematic for people who navigate with the aid of screen reading technology. Screen readers may announce the presence of the element, but not any content contained within it. This can be a confusing and frustrating experience for the person using the screen reader.

If extra space is needed, use CSS properties like margin to create the effect.


Specification Status Comment
HTML Living Standard
The definition of '<br>' in that specification.
Living Standard  
The definition of '<br>' in that specification.
HTML 4.01 Specification
The definition of '<br>' in that specification.

Browser compatibility

FeatureChromeEdgeFirefoxInternet ExplorerOperaSafari
Basic support1 Yes1 Yes Yes Yes
clear1 Yes1 Yes Yes Yes
FeatureAndroid webviewChrome for AndroidEdge mobileFirefox for AndroidOpera AndroidiOS SafariSamsung Internet
Basic support Yes Yes Yes4 Yes Yes Yes
clear Yes Yes Yes4 Yes Yes Yes

See also