mouseleave

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Событие mouseleave срабатывает, когда курсор манипулятора (обычно мыши) перемещается за границы элемента.

mouseleave и mouseout схожи, но отличаются тем, что mouseleave не всплывает, а mouseout всплывает.
Это значит, что mouseleave срабатывает, когда курсор сдвигается за границы элемента и всех его дочерних элементов, в то время как mouseout срабатывает, когда курсор сдвигается за границы элемента или его дочерних элементов (даже если курсор все еще находится в пределах элемента).

mouseenter.png mouseover.png
One mouseleave event is sent to each element of the hierarchy when leaving them. Here 4 events are sent to the four elements of the hierarchy when the pointer moves from the text to an area outside of the most outer div represented here. One single mouseout event is sent to the deepest element of the DOM tree, then it bubbles up the hierarchy until it is canceled by a handler or reaches the root.

 

General info

Specification
DOM L3
Interface
MouseEvent
Bubbles
No
Cancelable
No
Target
element
Default Action
None

Properties

Property Type Description
target Только для чтения EventTarget The event target (the topmost target in the DOM tree).
type Только для чтения DOMString The type of event.
bubbles Только для чтения Boolean Whether the event normally bubbles or not
cancelable Только для чтения Boolean Whether the event is cancellable or not?
view Только для чтения WindowProxy document.defaultView (window of the document)
detail Только для чтения long (float) 0.
currentTarget Только для чтения EventTarget The node that had the event listener attached.
relatedTarget Только для чтения EventTarget For mouseover, mouseout, mouseenter and mouseleave events: the target of the complementary event (the mouseleave target in the case of a mouseenter event). null otherwise.
screenX Только для чтения long The X coordinate of the mouse pointer in global (screen) coordinates.
screenY Только для чтения long The Y coordinate of the mouse pointer in global (screen) coordinates.
clientX Только для чтения long The X coordinate of the mouse pointer in local (DOM content) coordinates.
clientY Только для чтения long The Y coordinate of the mouse pointer in local (DOM content) coordinates.
button Только для чтения unsigned short This is always 0 as no button presses trigger this event (mouse movement does).
buttons Только для чтения unsigned short The buttons depressed when the mouse event was fired: Left button=1, Right button=2, Middle (wheel) button=4, 4th button (typically, "Browser Back" button)=8, 5th button (typically, "Browser Forward" button)=16. If two or more buttons are depressed, returns the logical sum of the values. E.g., if Left button and Right button are depressed, returns 3 (=1 | 2). More info.
mozPressure Только для чтения float The amount of pressure applied to a touch or tabdevice when generating the event; this value ranges between 0.0 (minimum pressure) and 1.0 (maximum pressure).
ctrlKey Только для чтения boolean true if the control key was down when the event was fired. false otherwise.
shiftKey Только для чтения boolean true if the shift key was down when the event was fired. false otherwise.
altKey Только для чтения boolean true if the alt key was down when the event was fired. false otherwise.
metaKey Только для чтения boolean true if the meta key was down when the event was fired. false otherwise.

Examples

The mouseout documentation has an example illustrating the difference between mouseout and mouseleave.

The following example illustrates how to use mouseout, to simulate the principle of event delegation for the mouseleave event.

<ul id="test">
  <li>
    <ul class="leave-sensitive">
      <li>item 1-1</li>
      <li>item 1-2</li>
    </ul>
  </li>
  <li>
    <ul class="leave-sensitive">
      <li>item 2-1</li>
      <li>item 2-2</li>
    </ul>
  </li>
</ul>

<script>
  var delegationSelector = ".leave-sensitive";

  document.getElementById("test").addEventListener("mouseout", function( event ) {
    var target = event.target,
        related = event.relatedTarget,
        match;

    // search for a parent node matching the delegation selector
    while ( target && target != document && !( match = matches( target, delegationSelector ) ) ) {
        target = target.parentNode;
    }

    // exit if no matching node has been found
    if ( !match ) { return; }

    // loop through the parent of the related target to make sure that it's not a child of the target
    while ( related && related != target && related != document ) {
        related = related.parentNode;
    }

    // exit if this is the case
    if ( related == target ) { return; }

    // the "delegated mouseleave" handler can now be executed
    // change the color of the text
    target.style.color = "orange";
    // reset the color after a small amount of time
    setTimeout(function() {
        target.style.color = "";
    }, 500);
    
    
  }, false);
 
 
  // function used to check if a DOM element matches a given selector
  // the following code can be replaced by this IE8 compatible function: https://gist.github.com/2851541
  function matches( elem, selector ){
    // the matchesSelector is prefixed in most (if not all) browsers
    return elem.matchesSelector( selector );
  };
</script>

Browser compatibility

Feature Chrome Edge Firefox (Gecko) Internet Explorer Opera Safari
Basic support 30[1] (Да) 10[2] 5.5 (Да)
Нет 15.0
17.0
7[3]
On disabled form elements Нет Нет 44.0 (44.0)[4] Нет Нет ?
Feature Android Chrome for Android Edge Firefox Mobile (Gecko) IE Mobile Opera Mobile Safari Mobile
Basic support ? ? (Да) ? ? ? ?
On disabled form elements ? ? Нет ? ? ? ?

[1] Implemented in bug 236215.

[2] Implemented in баг 432698.

[3] Safari 7 fires the event in many situations where it's not allowed to, making the whole event useless. See bug 470258 for the description of the bug (it existed in old Chrome versions as well). Safari 8 has correct behavior

[4] Implemented in баг 218093.

See also

Метки документа и участники

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