fill-rule

The fill-rule attribute is a presentation attribute defining the algorithm to use to determine the inside part of a shape.

Note: As a presentation attribute, fill-rule can be used as a CSS property.

As a presentation attribute, it can be applied to any element but it has effect only on the following eight elements: <altGlyph>, <path>, <polygon>, <polyline>, <text>, <textPath>, <tref>, and <tspan>

<svg viewBox="-10 -10 220 120" xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg">
  <!-- Default value for fill-rule -->
  <polygon fill-rule="nonzero" stroke="red"
   points="50,0 21,90 98,35 2,35 79,90"/>

  <!--
  The center of the shape has two
  path segments (shown by the red stroke)
  between it and infinity. It is therefore
  considered outside the shape, and not filled.
  -->
  <polygon fill-rule="evenodd" stroke="red"
   points="150,0 121,90 198,35 102,35 179,90"/>
</svg>

Usage notes

Value nonzero | evenodd
Default value nonzero
Animatable Yes

The fill-rule attribute provides two options for how the inside (that is, the area to be filled) of a shape is determined:

nonzero

The value nonzero determines the "insideness" of a point in the shape by drawing a ray from that point to infinity in any direction, and then examining the places where a segment of the shape crosses the ray. Starting with a count of zero, add one each time a path segment crosses the ray from left to right and subtract one each time a path segment crosses the ray from right to left. After counting the crossings, if the result is zero then the point is outside the path. Otherwise, it is inside.

Example

<svg viewBox="-10 -10 320 120" xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg">
  <!-- Effect of nonzero fill rule on crossing path segments -->
  <polygon fill-rule="nonzero" stroke="red"
           points="50,0 21,90 98,35 2,35 79,90"/>
 
  <!--
  Effect of nonzero fill rule on a shape inside a shape
  with the path segment moving in the same direction
  (both squares drawn clockwise, to the "right")
  -->
  <path fill-rule="nonzero" stroke="red"
        d="M110,0  h90 v90 h-90 z
           M130,20 h50 v50 h-50 z"/>
 
    <!--
  Effect of nonzero fill rule on a shape inside a shape
  with the path segment moving in the opposite direction
  (one square drawn clockwise, the other anti-clockwise)
  -->
  <path fill-rule="nonzero" stroke="red"
        d="M210,0  h90 v90 h-90 z
           M230,20 v50 h50 v-50 z"/>
</svg>

evenodd

The value evenodd determines the "insideness" of a point in the shape by drawing a ray from that point to infinity in any direction and counting the number of path segments from the given shape that the ray crosses. If this number is odd, the point is inside; if even, the point is outside.

Example

<svg viewBox="-10 -10 320 120" xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg">
  <!-- Effect of evenodd fill rule on crossing path segments -->
  <polygon fill-rule="evenodd" stroke="red"
           points="50,0 21,90 98,35 2,35 79,90"/>
 
  <!--
  Effect of evenodd fill rule on on a shape inside a shape
  with the path segment moving in the same direction
  (both squares drawn clockwise, to the "right")
  -->
  <path fill-rule="evenodd" stroke="red"
        d="M110,0  h90 v90 h-90 z
           M130,20 h50 v50 h-50 z"/>
 
    <!--
  Effect of evenodd fill rule on a shape inside a shape
  with the path segment moving in opposite direction
  (one square drawn clockwise, the other anti-clockwise)
  -->
  <path fill-rule="evenodd" stroke="red"
        d="M210,0  h90 v90 h-90 z
           M230,20 v50 h50 v-50 z"/>
</svg>

Browser compatibility

Update compatibility data on GitHub
DesktopMobile
ChromeEdgeFirefoxInternet ExplorerOperaSafariAndroid webviewChrome for AndroidFirefox for AndroidOpera for AndroidSafari on iOSSamsung Internet
fill-ruleChrome ? Edge ? Firefox ? IE ? Opera ? Safari ? WebView Android ? Chrome Android ? Firefox Android ? Opera Android ? Safari iOS ? Samsung Internet Android ?

Legend

Compatibility unknown  
Compatibility unknown

Specification

Specification Status Comment
Scalable Vector Graphics (SVG) 2
The definition of 'fill-rule' in that specification.
Candidate Recommendation Definition for shapes and text
Scalable Vector Graphics (SVG) 1.1 (Second Edition)
The definition of 'fill-rule' in that specification.
Recommendation Initial definition for shapes and text