WindowOrWorkerGlobalScope.setInterval()

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O método setInterval() oferecido das interfaces WindowWorker, repetem chamadas de funções or executam trechos de código, com um tempo de espera fixo entre cada chamada. Isso retorna um ID único para o intervalo, podendo remove-lo mais tarde apenas o chamando clearInterval(). Este metodo é definido pelo mixin WindowOrWorkerGlobalScope.

Sintaxe.

var intervalID = scope.setInterval(func, delay[, param1, param2, ...]);
var intervalID = scope.setInterval(code, delay);

Parâmetros

func
Uma function para ser executada a cada delay em milisegundos.  Não é passado nenhum parâmetro para a função, e não retorna nenhum valor esperado.
code
Uma sintaxe opcional permite você incuir uma string ao invés de uma função, no qual é compilado e executada a cada delay em milisegundos. Esta sintaxe não é recomendada pelos mesmos motivos que envolvem riscos de segurança de eval().
delay
O tempo, em milisegundos (milésimos de segundo), o temporizador deve atrasar entre cada execução de uma especifica função ou código. Se esse parâmetro for menos que 10, um valor de 10 é usado. Note que o atraso pode vir a ser mais longo; veja Reasons for delays longer than specified in WindowOrWorkerGlobalScope.setTimeout() para exemplos.
param1, ..., paramN Optional
Parâmetros adicionais que são passados através da função especificada pela func quando o temporizador expirar.

Note: Passing additional parameters to setInterval() in the first syntax does not work in Internet Explorer 9 and earlier. If you want to enable this functionality on that browser, you must use a polyfill (see the Callback arguments section).

Return value

intervalID retornado é um número, non-zero valor que identifica o temporizador criado pela chamada do setInterval(); este valor pode ser passado para WindowOrWorkerGlobalScope.clearInterval() afim de cancelar o timeout.

Isso pode ser útil, estar ciente que o setInterval() e setTimeout() compartilham o mesmo grupo de IDs, e que o clearInterval() e clearTimeout() podem tecnicamente serem usados em conjunto. Para deixar claro, contudo, você deve sempre tentar evitar combina-los, afim de evitar confusão na manutenção do seu código.

Note: The delay parameter is converted to a signed 32-bit integer. This effectively limits delay to 2147483647 ms, since it's specified as a signed integer in the IDL.

Exemplos

Exemplo 1: Sintaxe básica

O seguinte exemplo mostra a sintaxe básica do setInterval()

var intervalID = window.setInterval(myCallback, 500);

function myCallback() {
  // Your code here
}

Exemplo 2: Alternando duas cores

O seguinte exemplo chama a função flashtext() uma vez por segundo até o botão de parar ser pressionado.

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
  <meta charset="UTF-8" />
  <title>setInterval/clearInterval example</title>

  <script>
    var nIntervId;
 
    function changeColor() {
      nIntervId = setInterval(flashText, 1000);
    }
 
    function flashText() {
      var oElem = document.getElementById('my_box');
      oElem.style.color = oElem.style.color == 'red' ? 'blue' : 'red';
      // oElem.style.color == 'red' ? 'blue' : 'red' is a ternary operator.
    }
 
    function stopTextColor() {
      clearInterval(nIntervId);
    }
  </script>
</head>
 
<body onload="changeColor();">
  <div id="my_box">
    <p>Hello World</p>
  </div>

  <button onclick="stopTextColor();">Stop</button>
</body>
</html>

Exemplo 3: Simulação de máquina de escrever

O seguinte exemplo simula uma máquina de escrever primeiro limpando e digitando lentamente o conteúdo para  NodeList que corresponde a um grupo especificado de seletores.

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
<meta charset="UTF-8" />
<title>JavaScript Typewriter - MDN Example</title>
<script>
  function Typewriter (sSelector, nRate) {

  function clean () {
    clearInterval(nIntervId);
    bTyping = false;
    bStart = true;
    oCurrent = null;
    aSheets.length = nIdx = 0;
  }

  function scroll (oSheet, nPos, bEraseAndStop) {
    if (!oSheet.hasOwnProperty('parts') || aMap.length < nPos) { return true; }

    var oRel, bExit = false;

    if (aMap.length === nPos) { aMap.push(0); }

    while (aMap[nPos] < oSheet.parts.length) {
      oRel = oSheet.parts[aMap[nPos]];

      scroll(oRel, nPos + 1, bEraseAndStop) ? aMap[nPos]++ : bExit = true;

      if (bEraseAndStop && (oRel.ref.nodeType - 1 | 1) === 3 && oRel.ref.nodeValue) {
        bExit = true;
        oCurrent = oRel.ref;
        sPart = oCurrent.nodeValue;
        oCurrent.nodeValue = '';
      }

      oSheet.ref.appendChild(oRel.ref);
      if (bExit) { return false; }
    }

    aMap.length--;
    return true;
  }

  function typewrite () {
    if (sPart.length === 0 && scroll(aSheets[nIdx], 0, true) && nIdx++ === aSheets.length - 1) { clean(); return; }

    oCurrent.nodeValue += sPart.charAt(0);
    sPart = sPart.slice(1);
  }

  function Sheet (oNode) {
    this.ref = oNode;
    if (!oNode.hasChildNodes()) { return; }
    this.parts = Array.prototype.slice.call(oNode.childNodes);

    for (var nChild = 0; nChild < this.parts.length; nChild++) {
      oNode.removeChild(this.parts[nChild]);
      this.parts[nChild] = new Sheet(this.parts[nChild]);
    }
  }

  var
    nIntervId, oCurrent = null, bTyping = false, bStart = true,
    nIdx = 0, sPart = "", aSheets = [], aMap = [];

  this.rate = nRate || 100;
 
  this.play = function () {
    if (bTyping) { return; }
    if (bStart) {
      var aItems = document.querySelectorAll(sSelector);

      if (aItems.length === 0) { return; }
      for (var nItem = 0; nItem < aItems.length; nItem++) {
        aSheets.push(new Sheet(aItems[nItem]));
        /* Uncomment the following line if you have previously hidden your elements via CSS: */
        // aItems[nItem].style.visibility = "visible";
      }

      bStart = false;
    }

    nIntervId = setInterval(typewrite, this.rate);
    bTyping = true;
  };
 
  this.pause = function () {
    clearInterval(nIntervId);
    bTyping = false;
  };
 
  this.terminate = function () {
    oCurrent.nodeValue += sPart;
    sPart = "";
    for (nIdx; nIdx < aSheets.length; scroll(aSheets[nIdx++], 0, false));
    clean();
  };
}
 
/* usage: */
var oTWExample1 = new Typewriter(/* elements: */ '#article, h1, #info, #copyleft', /* frame rate (optional): */ 15);
 
/* default frame rate is 100: */
var oTWExample2 = new Typewriter('#controls');

/* you can also change the frame rate value modifying the "rate" property; for example: */
// oTWExample2.rate = 150;
 
onload = function () {
  oTWExample1.play();
  oTWExample2.play();
};
</script>
<style type="text/css">
span.intLink, a, a:visited {
  cursor: pointer;
  color: #000000;
  text-decoration: underline;
}
 
#info {
  width: 180px;
  height: 150px;
  float: right;
  background-color: #eeeeff;
  padding: 4px;
  overflow: auto;
  font-size: 12px;
  margin: 4px;
  border-radius: 5px;
  /* visibility: hidden; */
}
</style>
</head>
 
<body>

<p id="copyleft" style="font-style: italic; font-size: 12px; text-align: center;">CopyLeft 2012 by <a href="https://developer.mozilla.org/" target="_blank">Mozilla Developer Network</a></p>
<p id="controls" style="text-align: center;">[&nbsp;<span class="intLink" onclick="oTWExample1.play();">Play</span> | <span class="intLink" onclick="oTWExample1.pause();">Pause</span> | <span class="intLink" onclick="oTWExample1.terminate();">Terminate</span>&nbsp;]</p>
<div id="info">
Vivamus blandit massa ut metus mattis in fringilla lectus imperdiet. Proin ac ante a felis ornare vehicula. Fusce pellentesque lacus vitae eros convallis ut mollis magna pellentesque. Pellentesque placerat enim at lacus ultricies vitae facilisis nisi fringilla. In tincidunt tincidunt tincidunt.
</div>
<h1>JavaScript Typewriter</h1>
 
<div id="article">
<p>Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Nullam ultrices dolor ac dolor imperdiet ullamcorper. Suspendisse quam libero, luctus auctor mollis sed, malesuada condimentum magna. Quisque in ante tellus, in placerat est. Pellentesque habitant morbi tristique senectus et netus et malesuada fames ac turpis egestas. Donec a mi magna, quis mattis dolor. Etiam sit amet ligula quis urna auctor imperdiet nec faucibus ante. Mauris vel consectetur dolor. Nunc eget elit eget velit pulvinar fringilla consectetur aliquam purus. Curabitur convallis, justo posuere porta egestas, velit erat ornare tortor, non viverra justo diam eget arcu. Phasellus adipiscing fermentum nibh ac commodo. Nam turpis nunc, suscipit a hendrerit vitae, volutpat non ipsum.</p>
<form>
<p>Phasellus ac nisl lorem: <input type="text" /><br />
<textarea style="width: 400px; height: 200px;">Nullam commodo suscipit lacus non aliquet. Phasellus ac nisl lorem, sed facilisis ligula. Nam cursus lobortis placerat. Sed dui nisi, elementum eu sodales ac, placerat sit amet mauris. Pellentesque dapibus tellus ut ipsum aliquam eu auctor dui vehicula. Quisque ultrices laoreet erat, at ultrices tortor sodales non. Sed venenatis luctus magna, ultricies ultricies nunc fringilla eget. Praesent scelerisque urna vitae nibh tristique varius consequat neque luctus. Integer ornare, erat a porta tempus, velit justo fermentum elit, a fermentum metus nisi eu ipsum. Vivamus eget augue vel dui viverra adipiscing congue ut massa. Praesent vitae eros erat, pulvinar laoreet magna. Maecenas vestibulum mollis nunc in posuere. Pellentesque sit amet metus a turpis lobortis tempor eu vel tortor. Cras sodales eleifend interdum.</textarea></p>
<p><input type="submit" value="Send" />
</form>
<p>Duis lobortis sapien quis nisl luctus porttitor. In tempor semper libero, eu tincidunt dolor eleifend sit amet. Ut nec velit in dolor tincidunt rhoncus non non diam. Morbi auctor ornare orci, non euismod felis gravida nec. Curabitur elementum nisi a eros rutrum nec blandit diam placerat. Aenean tincidunt risus ut nisi consectetur cursus. Ut vitae quam elit. Donec dignissim est in quam tempor consequat. Aliquam aliquam diam non felis convallis suscipit. Nulla facilisi. Donec lacus risus, dignissim et fringilla et, egestas vel eros. Duis malesuada accumsan dui, at fringilla mauris bibStartum quis. Cras adipiscing ultricies fermentum. Praesent bibStartum condimentum feugiat.</p>
<p>Nam faucibus, ligula eu fringilla pulvinar, lectus tellus iaculis nunc, vitae scelerisque metus leo non metus. Proin mattis lobortis lobortis. Quisque accumsan faucibus erat, vel varius tortor ultricies ac. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Sed nec libero nunc. Nullam tortor nunc, elementum a consectetur et, ultrices eu orci. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Pellentesque a nisl eu sem vehicula egestas.</p>
</div>
</body>
</html>

View this demo in action. See also: clearInterval().

Argumentos callback

Como já foi discutido, Internet Explorer 9 e versões anteriores não suportam passar argumentos para a função callback em ambos setTimeout() ou setInterval(). O seguinte código IE-specific demonstra um método para superar esta limitação. Para usar, apenas adicione o seguinte código no topo do seu script.

/*\
|*|
|*|  IE-specific polyfill that enables the passage of arbitrary arguments to the
|*|  callback functions of javascript timers (HTML5 standard syntax).
|*|
|*|  https://developer.mozilla.org/en-US/docs/Web/API/window.setInterval
|*|  https://developer.mozilla.org/User:fusionchess
|*|
|*|  Syntax:
|*|  var timeoutID = window.setTimeout(func, delay[, param1, param2, ...]);
|*|  var timeoutID = window.setTimeout(code, delay);
|*|  var intervalID = window.setInterval(func, delay[, param1, param2, ...]);
|*|  var intervalID = window.setInterval(code, delay);
|*|
\*/

if (document.all && !window.setTimeout.isPolyfill) {
  var __nativeST__ = window.setTimeout;
  window.setTimeout = function (vCallback, nDelay /*, argumentToPass1, argumentToPass2, etc. */) {
    var aArgs = Array.prototype.slice.call(arguments, 2);
    return __nativeST__(vCallback instanceof Function ? function () {
      vCallback.apply(null, aArgs);
    } : vCallback, nDelay);
  };
  window.setTimeout.isPolyfill = true;
}

if (document.all && !window.setInterval.isPolyfill) {
  var __nativeSI__ = window.setInterval;
  window.setInterval = function (vCallback, nDelay /*, argumentToPass1, argumentToPass2, etc. */) {
    var aArgs = Array.prototype.slice.call(arguments, 2);
    return __nativeSI__(vCallback instanceof Function ? function () {
      vCallback.apply(null, aArgs);
    } : vCallback, nDelay);
  };
  window.setInterval.isPolyfill = true;
}

Outra possibilidade é uso uma função anônima para chama o callback, apesar de que esta solução seja um pouco mais pesada. Exemplo:

var intervalID = setInterval(function() { myFunc('one', 'two', 'three'); }, 1000);

Outra possibilidade é usar o function's bind. Exemplo:

var intervalID = setInterval(function(arg1) {}.bind(undefined, 10), 1000);

Inactive tabs

Requires Gecko 5.0(Firefox 5.0 / Thunderbird 5.0 / SeaMonkey 2.2)

Starting in Gecko 5.0 (Firefox 5.0 / Thunderbird 5.0 / SeaMonkey 2.2), intervals are clamped to fire no more often than once per second in inactive tabs.

O problema do "this"

Quando você passa um método para setInterval() ou qualquer outra função, ela é chamada com o valor do this errado. Este problema é explicado em detalhes em JavaScript reference.

Explicação

O código executado pelo setInterval() roda em um contexto de execução separado da função que foi chamada. Como uma consequência, o this da função chamada, é setado como o objeto window (ou global), esse não é o mesmo valor do this para a função chamada em setTimeout. veja o seguinte exemplo (que usa setTimeout() ao invés de setInterval() - o problema segue para ambos os temporizadores)

myArray = ['zero', 'one', 'two'];

myArray.myMethod = function (sProperty) {
    alert(arguments.length > 0 ? this[sProperty] : this);
};

myArray.myMethod(); // prints "zero,one,two"
myArray.myMethod(1); // prints "one"
setTimeout(myArray.myMethod, 1000); // prints "[object Window]" after 1 second
setTimeout(myArray.myMethod, 1500, "1"); // prints "undefined" after 1,5 seconds
// passing the 'this' object with .call won't work
// because this will change the value of this inside setTimeout itself
// while we want to change the value of this inside myArray.myMethod
// in fact, it will be an error because setTimeout code expects this to be the window object:
setTimeout.call(myArray, myArray.myMethod, 2000); // error: "NS_ERROR_XPC_BAD_OP_ON_WN_PROTO: Illegal operation on WrappedNative prototype object"
setTimeout.call(myArray, myArray.myMethod, 2500, 2); // same error

 

Como você pode ver, não há maneiras de passar o objeto this para a função callback.

 

Uma possível solução

Um possível caminho para resolver o problema do this, é sobreescrever as duas funções globais nativas setTimeout() ou setInterval() com duas non-native que permitem sua invocação através do método Function.prototype.call. O seguinte exemplo mostra a possível substituição.

// Enable the passage of the 'this' object through the JavaScript timers

var __nativeST__ = window.setTimeout, __nativeSI__ = window.setInterval;

window.setTimeout = function (vCallback, nDelay /*, argumentToPass1, argumentToPass2, etc. */) {
  var oThis = this, aArgs = Array.prototype.slice.call(arguments, 2);
  return __nativeST__(vCallback instanceof Function ? function () {
    vCallback.apply(oThis, aArgs);
  } : vCallback, nDelay);
};

window.setInterval = function (vCallback, nDelay /*, argumentToPass1, argumentToPass2, etc. */) {
  var oThis = this, aArgs = Array.prototype.slice.call(arguments, 2);
  return __nativeSI__(vCallback instanceof Function ? function () {
    vCallback.apply(oThis, aArgs);
  } : vCallback, nDelay);
};
These two replacements also enable the HTML5 standard passage of arbitrary arguments to the callback functions of timers in IE. So they can be used as non-standard-compliant polyfills also. See the callback arguments paragraph for a standard-compliant polyfill.

Teste da nova implementação:

myArray = ['zero', 'one', 'two'];

myArray.myMethod = function (sProperty) {
    alert(arguments.length > 0 ? this[sProperty] : this);
};

setTimeout(alert, 1500, 'Hello world!'); // the standard use of setTimeout and setInterval is preserved, but...
setTimeout.call(myArray, myArray.myMethod, 2000); // prints "zero,one,two" after 2 seconds
setTimeout.call(myArray, myArray.myMethod, 2500, 2); // prints "two" after 2,5 seconds

Outra, mais complexa, solução para o problema do this é the following framework.

JavaScript 1.8.5 introduces the Function.prototype.bind() method, which lets you specify the value that should be used as this for all calls to a given function. This lets you easily bypass problems where it's unclear what this will be, depending on the context from which your function was called. Also, ES2015 supports arrow functions, with lexical this allowing us to write setInterval( () => this.myMethod) if we're inside myArray method.

MiniDaemon - A framework for managing timers

In pages requiring many timers, it can often be difficult to keep track of all of the running timer events. One approach to solving this problem is to store information about the state of a timer in an object. Following is a minimal example of such an abstraction. The constructor architecture explicitly avoids the use of closures. It also offers an alternative way to pass the this object to the callback function (see The "this" problem for details). The following code is also available on GitHub.

For a more complex but still modular version of it (Daemon) see JavaScript Daemons Management. This more complex version is nothing but a big and scalable collection of methods for the Daemon constructor. However, the Daemon constructor itself is nothing but a clone of MiniDaemon with an added support for init and onstart functions declarable during the instantiation of the daemon. So the MiniDaemon framework remains the recommended way for simple animations, because Daemon without its collection of methods is essentially a clone of it.

minidaemon.js

/*\
|*|
|*|  :: MiniDaemon ::
|*|
|*|  Revision #2 - September 26, 2014
|*|
|*|  https://developer.mozilla.org/en-US/docs/Web/API/window.setInterval
|*|  https://developer.mozilla.org/User:fusionchess
|*|  https://github.com/madmurphy/minidaemon.js
|*|
|*|  This framework is released under the GNU Lesser General Public License, version 3 or later.
|*|  http://www.gnu.org/licenses/lgpl-3.0.html
|*|
\*/
 
function MiniDaemon (oOwner, fTask, nRate, nLen) {
  if (!(this && this instanceof MiniDaemon)) { return; }
  if (arguments.length < 2) { throw new TypeError('MiniDaemon - not enough arguments'); }
  if (oOwner) { this.owner = oOwner; }
  this.task = fTask;
  if (isFinite(nRate) && nRate > 0) { this.rate = Math.floor(nRate); }
  if (nLen > 0) { this.length = Math.floor(nLen); }
}
 
MiniDaemon.prototype.owner = null;
MiniDaemon.prototype.task = null;
MiniDaemon.prototype.rate = 100;
MiniDaemon.prototype.length = Infinity;
 
  /* These properties should be read-only */
 
MiniDaemon.prototype.SESSION = -1;
MiniDaemon.prototype.INDEX = 0;
MiniDaemon.prototype.PAUSED = true;
MiniDaemon.prototype.BACKW = true;
 
  /* Global methods */
 
MiniDaemon.forceCall = function (oDmn) {
  oDmn.INDEX += oDmn.BACKW ? -1 : 1;
  if (oDmn.task.call(oDmn.owner, oDmn.INDEX, oDmn.length, oDmn.BACKW) === false || oDmn.isAtEnd()) { oDmn.pause(); return false; }
  return true;
};
 
  /* Instances methods */
 
MiniDaemon.prototype.isAtEnd = function () {
  return this.BACKW ? isFinite(this.length) && this.INDEX < 1 : this.INDEX + 1 > this.length;
};
 
MiniDaemon.prototype.synchronize = function () {
  if (this.PAUSED) { return; }
  clearInterval(this.SESSION);
  this.SESSION = setInterval(MiniDaemon.forceCall, this.rate, this);
};
 
MiniDaemon.prototype.pause = function () {
  clearInterval(this.SESSION);
  this.PAUSED = true;
};
 
MiniDaemon.prototype.start = function (bReverse) {
  var bBackw = Boolean(bReverse);
  if (this.BACKW === bBackw && (this.isAtEnd() || !this.PAUSED)) { return; }
  this.BACKW = bBackw;
  this.PAUSED = false;
  this.synchronize();
};
MiniDaemon passes arguments to the callback function. If you want to work on it with browsers that natively do not support this feature, use one of the methods proposed above.

Syntax

var myDaemon = new MiniDaemon(thisObject, callback[, rate[, length]]);

Description

Returns a JavaScript Object containing all information needed by an animation (like the this object, the callback function, the length, the frame-rate).

Parameters

thisObject
The this object on which the callback function is called. It can be an object or null.
callback
The function that is repeatedly invoked . It is called with three parameters: index (the iterative index of each invocation), length (the number of total invocations assigned to the daemon - finite or Infinity) and backwards (a boolean expressing whether the index is increasing or decreasing). It is something like callback.call(thisObject, index, length, backwards). If the callback function returns a false value the daemon is paused.
rate (optional)
The time lapse (in number of milliseconds) between each invocation. The default value is 100.
length (optional)
The total number of invocations. It can be a positive integer or Infinity. The default value is Infinity.

MiniDaemon instances properties

myDaemon.owner
The this object on which is executed the daemon (read/write). It can be an object or null.
myDaemon.task
The function that is repeatedly invoked (read/write). It is called with three arguments: index (the iterative index of each invocation), length (the number of total invocations assigned to the daemon - finite or Infinity) and backwards (a boolean expressing whether the index is decreasing or not) – see above. If the myDaemon.task function returns a false value the daemon is paused.
myDaemon.rate
The time lapse (in number of milliseconds) between each invocation (read/write).
myDaemon.length
The total number of invocations. It can be a positive integer or Infinity (read/write).

MiniDaemon instances methods

myDaemon.isAtEnd()
Returns a boolean expressing whether the daemon is at the start/end position or not.
myDaemon.synchronize()
Synchronize the timer of a started daemon with the time of its invocation.
myDaemon.pause()
Pauses the daemon.
myDaemon.start([reverse])
Starts the daemon forward (index of each invocation increasing) or backwards (index decreasing).

MiniDaemon global object methods

MiniDaemon.forceCall(minidaemon)
Forces a single callback to the minidaemon.task function regardless of the fact that the end has been reached or not. In any case the internal INDEX property is increased/decreased (depending on the actual direction of the process).

Example usage

Your HTML page:

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
  <meta charset="UTF-8" />
  <title>MiniDaemin Example - MDN</title>
  <script type="text/javascript" src="minidaemon.js"></script>
  <style type="text/css">
    #sample_div {
      visibility: hidden;
    }
  </style>
</head>

<body>
  <p>
    <input type="button" onclick="fadeInOut.start(false /* optional */);" value="fade in" />
    <input type="button" onclick="fadeInOut.start(true);" value="fade out">
    <input type="button" onclick="fadeInOut.pause();" value="pause" />
  </p>

  <div id="sample_div">Some text here</div>

  <script type="text/javascript">
    function opacity (nIndex, nLength, bBackwards) {
      this.style.opacity = nIndex / nLength;
      if (bBackwards ? nIndex === 0 : nIndex === 1) {
        this.style.visibility = bBackwards ? 'hidden' : 'visible';
      }
    }

    var fadeInOut = new MiniDaemon(document.getElementById('sample_div'), opacity, 300, 8);
  </script>
</body>
</html>

View this example in action

Notes

The setInterval() function is commonly used to set a delay for functions that are executed again and again, such as animations.

You can cancel the interval using WindowOrWorkerGlobalScope.clearInterval().

If you wish to have your function called once after the specified delay, use WindowOrWorkerGlobalScope.setTimeout().

Ensure that execution duration is shorter than interval frequency

If there is a possibility that your logic could take longer to execute than the interval time, it is recommended that you recursively call a named function using WindowOrWorkerGlobalScope.setTimeout. For example, if using setInterval to poll a remote server every 5 seconds, network latency, an unresponsive server, and a host of other issues could prevent the request from completing in its allotted time. As such, you may find yourself with queued up XHR requests that won't necessarily return in order.

In these cases, a recursive setTimeout() pattern is preferred:

(function loop(){
   setTimeout(function() {
      // Your logic here

      loop();
  }, delay);
})();

In the above snippet, a named function loop() is declared and is immediately executed. loop() is recursively called inside setTimeout() after the logic has completed executing. While this pattern does not guarantee execution on a fixed interval, it does guarantee that the previous interval has completed before recursing.

Throttling of intervals

setInterval() is subject to the same throttling restrictions in Firefox as setTimeout(); see Reasons for delays longer than specified.

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
HTML Living Standard
The definition of 'WindowOrWorkerGlobalScope.setInterval()' in that specification.
Padrão em tempo real Method moved to the WindowOrWorkerGlobalScope mixin in the latest spec.
HTML Living Standard
The definition of 'WindowTimers.setInterval()' in that specification.
Padrão em tempo real Initial definition (DOM Level 0)

Browser compatibility

Update compatibility data on GitHub
DesktopMobile
ChromeEdgeFirefoxInternet ExplorerOperaSafariAndroid webviewChrome for AndroidFirefox for AndroidOpera for AndroidSafari on iOSSamsung Internet
setIntervalChrome Full support 30Edge Full support YesFirefox Full support 1
Full support 1
Full support 52
Notes
Notes setInterval now defined on WindowOrWorkerGlobalScope mixin.
IE Full support 4Opera Full support 4Safari Full support 1WebView Android Full support YesChrome Android Full support 30Firefox Android Full support 4
Full support 4
Full support 52
Notes
Notes setInterval now defined on WindowOrWorkerGlobalScope mixin.
Opera Android Full support 10.1Safari iOS Full support 1Samsung Internet Android ?
Supports parameters for callbackChrome Full support YesEdge Full support YesFirefox Full support YesIE Full support 10Opera Full support YesSafari ? WebView Android Full support YesChrome Android Full support YesFirefox Android ? Opera Android ? Safari iOS ? Samsung Internet Android ?

Legend

Full support  
Full support
Compatibility unknown  
Compatibility unknown
See implementation notes.
See implementation notes.

See also