Array

The JavaScript Array class is a global object that is used in the construction of arrays; which are high-level, list-like objects.

Description

Arrays are list-like objects whose prototype has methods to perform traversal and mutation operations. Neither the length of a JavaScript array nor the types of its elements are fixed. Since an array's length can change at any time, and data can be stored at non-contiguous locations in the array, JavaScript arrays are not guaranteed to be dense; this depends on how the programmer chooses to use them. In general, these are convenient characteristics; but if these features are not desirable for your particular use, you might consider using typed arrays.

Arrays cannot use strings as element indexes (as in an associative array) but must use integers. Setting or accessing via non-integers using bracket notation (or dot notation) will not set or retrieve an element from the array list itself, but will set or access a variable associated with that array's object property collection. The array's object properties and list of array elements are separate, and the array's traversal and mutation operations cannot be applied to these named properties.

Common operations

Create an Array

let fruits = ['Apple', 'Banana']

console.log(fruits.length)
// 2

Access (index into) an Array item

let first = fruits[0]
// Apple

let last = fruits[fruits.length - 1]
// Banana

Loop over an Array

fruits.forEach(function(item, index, array) {
  console.log(item, index)
})
// Apple 0
// Banana 1

Add to the end of an Array

let newLength = fruits.push('Orange')
// ["Apple", "Banana", "Orange"]

Remove from the end of an Array

let last = fruits.pop() // remove Orange (from the end)
// ["Apple", "Banana"]

Remove from the front of an Array

let first = fruits.shift() // remove Apple from the front
// ["Banana"]

Add to the front of an Array

let newLength = fruits.unshift('Strawberry') // add to the front
// ["Strawberry", "Banana"]

Find the index of an item in the Array

fruits.push('Mango')
// ["Strawberry", "Banana", "Mango"]

let pos = fruits.indexOf('Banana')
// 1

Remove an item by index position

let removedItem = fruits.splice(pos, 1) // this is how to remove an item
                                        
// ["Strawberry", "Mango"]

Remove items from an index position

let vegetables = ['Cabbage', 'Turnip', 'Radish', 'Carrot']
console.log(vegetables)
// ["Cabbage", "Turnip", "Radish", "Carrot"]

let pos = 1
let n = 2

let removedItems = vegetables.splice(pos, n)
// this is how to remove items, n defines the number of items to be removed,
// starting at the index position specified by pos and progressing toward the end of array.

console.log(vegetables)
// ["Cabbage", "Carrot"] (the original array is changed)

console.log(removedItems)
// ["Turnip", "Radish"]

Copy an Array

let shallowCopy = fruits.slice() // this is how to make a copy
// ["Strawberry", "Mango"]

Accessing array elements

JavaScript arrays are zero-indexed: the first element of an array is at index 0, and the last element is at the index equal to the value of the array's length property minus 1.

Using an invalid index number returns undefined.

let arr = ['this is the first element', 'this is the second element', 'this is the last element']
console.log(arr[0])              // logs 'this is the first element'
console.log(arr[1])              // logs 'this is the second element'
console.log(arr[arr.length - 1]) // logs 'this is the last element'

Array elements are object properties in the same way that toString is a property (to be specific, however, toString() is a method). Nevertheless, trying to access an element of an array as follows throws a syntax error because the property name is not valid:

console.log(arr.0) // a syntax error

There is nothing special about JavaScript arrays and the properties that cause this. JavaScript properties that begin with a digit cannot be referenced with dot notation, and must be accessed using bracket notation.

For example, if you had an object with a property named '3d', it can only be referenced using bracket notation.

let years = [1950, 1960, 1970, 1980, 1990, 2000, 2010]
console.log(years.0)   // a syntax error
console.log(years[0])  // works properly
renderer.3d.setTexture(model, 'character.png')     // a syntax error
renderer['3d'].setTexture(model, 'character.png')  // works properly

Note that in the 3d example, '3d' had to be quoted. It's possible to quote the JavaScript array indexes as well (e.g., years['2'] instead of years[2]), although it's not necessary.

The 2 in years[2] is coerced into a string by the JavaScript engine through an implicit toString conversion. As a result, '2' and '02' would refer to two different slots on the years object, and the following example could be true:

console.log(years['2'] != years['02'])

Similarly, object properties which happen to be reserved words(!) can only be accessed as string literals in bracket notation (but it can be accessed by dot notation in firefox 40.0a2 at least):

let promise = {
  var  : 'text',
  array: [1, 2, 3, 4]
}

console.log(promise.var)
// text

Relationship between length and numerical properties

A JavaScript array's length property and numerical properties are connected.

Several of the built-in array methods (e.g., join(), slice(), indexOf(), etc.) take into account the value of an array's length property when they're called.

Other methods (e.g., push(), splice(), etc.) also result in updates to an array's length property.

const fruits = []
fruits.push('banana', 'apple', 'peach')

console.log(fruits.length) // 3

When setting a property on a JavaScript array when the property is a valid array index and that index is outside the current bounds of the array, the engine will update the array's length property accordingly:

fruits[5] = 'mango'
console.log(fruits[5])            // 'mango'
console.log(Object.keys(fruits))  // ['0', '1', '2', '5']
console.log(fruits.length)        // 6

Increasing the length.

fruits.length = 10
console.log(Object.keys(fruits)) // ['0', '1', '2', '5']
console.log(fruits.length)       // 10

Decreasing the length property does, however, delete elements.

fruits.length = 2
console.log(Object.keys(fruits)) // ['0', '1']
console.log(fruits.length)       // 2

This is explained further on the Array.length page.

Creating an array using the result of a match

The result of a match between a RegExp and a string can create a JavaScript array. This array has properties and elements which provide information about the match. Such an array is returned by RegExp.exec(), String.match(), and String.replace().

To help explain these properties and elements, see this example and then refer to the table below:

// Match one d followed by one or more b's followed by one d
// Remember matched b's and the following d
// Ignore case

const myRe = /d(b+)(d)/i
const myArray = myRe.exec('cdbBdbsbz')

The properties and elements returned from this match are as follows:

Property/Element Description Example
input
Read only
The original string against which the regular expression was matched. "cdbBdbsbz"
index
Read only
The zero-based index of the match in the string. 1
[0]
Read only
The last matched characters. "dbBd"
[1], ...[n]
Read only
Elements that specify the parenthesized substring matches (if included) in the regular expression. The number of possible parenthesized substrings is unlimited. [1]: "bB"
[2]: "d"

Constructor

Array()
Creates Array objects.

Static properties

Array.length
The Array constructor's length property whose value is 1.
get Array[@@species]
The constructor function that is used to create derived objects.

Static methods

Array.from(arrayLike[, mapFn[, thisArg]])
Creates a new Array instance from arrayLike, an array-like or iterable object.
Array.isArray(value)
Returns true if value is an array, or false otherwise.
Array.of(element0[, element1[, ...[, elementN]]])
Creates a new Array instance with a variable number of arguments, regardless of number or type of the arguments.

Array instances

Array instances inherit from Array.prototype. As with all constructors, you can change the constructor's prototype property to make changes to all Array instances. For example, you can add new methods and properties to extend all Array objects. This is used for polyfilling, for example.

However, adding non-standard methods to the array object can cause issues later, either with your own code, or when adding features to JavaScript.

Little known fact: Array.prototype itself is an Array:

Array.isArray(Array.prototype) // true

Instance properties

Array.prototype.constructor
Specifies the function that creates an object's prototype.
Array.prototype.length
Reflects the number of elements in an array.
Array.prototype[@@unscopables]
A symbol containing property names to exclude from a with binding scope.

Instance methods

Mutator methods

These methods modify the array:

Array.prototype.copyWithin(target[, start[, end]])
Copies a sequence of array elements within the array.
Array.prototype.fill(value[, start[, end]])
Fills all the elements of an array from a start index to an end index with a static value.
Array.prototype.pop()
Removes the last element from an array and returns that element.
Array.prototype.push(element1[, ...[, elementN]])
Adds one or more elements to the end of an array, and returns the new length of the array.
Array.prototype.reverse()
Reverses the order of the elements of an array in place. (First becomes the last, last becomes first.)
Array.prototype.shift()
Removes the first element from an array and returns that element.
Array.prototype.sort()
Sorts the elements of an array in place and returns the array.
Array.prototype.splice(start[, deleteCount[, item1[, item2[, ...]]]])
Adds and/or removes elements from an array.
Array.prototype.unshift(element1[, ...[, elementN]])
Adds one or more elements to the front of an array, and returns the new length of the array.

Accessor methods

These methods do not modify the array, and return a new array (based on some representation of the original).

Array.prototype.concat([value1[, value2[, ...[, valueN]]]])
Returns a new array that is this array joined with other array(s) and/or value(s).
Array.prototype.filter(callbackFn(element[, index[, array]])[, thisArg])
Returns a new array containing all elements of the calling array for which the provided filtering callbackFn returns true.
Array.prototype.includes(valueToFind[, fromIndex])
Determines whether the array contains valueToFind, returning true or false as appropriate.
Array.prototype.indexOf(searchElement[, fromIndex])
Returns the first (least) index of an element within the array equal to searchElement, or -1 if none is found.
Array.prototype.join([separator])
Joins all elements of an array into a string.
Array.prototype.lastIndexOf(searchElement[, fromIndex])
Returns the last (greatest) index of an element within the array equal to searchElement, or -1 if none is found.
Array.prototype.slice([begin[, end]])
Extracts a section of the calling array and returns a new array.
Array.prototype.toSource()
Returns an array literal representing the specified array. You can use this value to create a new array. Overrides the Object.prototype.toSource() method.
Array.prototype.toString()
Returns a string representing the array and its elements. Overrides the Object.prototype.toString() method.
Array.prototype.toLocaleString()
Returns a localized string representing the array and its elements. Overrides the Object.prototype.toLocaleString() method.

Iteration methods

Several methods accept callback functions which are executed while processing the array. When these methods are called, the length of the array is sampled, and any element added beyond this length from within the callback is not visited.

Other changes to the array (setting a value or deleting an element) may affect the results of the operation if the method visits the changed element afterwards. While the specific behavior of these methods in such cases is well-defined, you should not rely upon it so as not to confuse others who might read your code.

If you must mutate the array, copy into a new array instead.

Array.prototype.entries()
Returns a new Array Iterator object that contains the key/value pairs for each index in the array.
Array.prototype.every(callbackFn(element[, index[, array]])[, thisArg])
Returns true if every element in this array satisfies the testing callbackFn.
Array.prototype.find(callbackFn(element[, index[, array]])[, thisArg])
Returns the found element in the array if some element in the array satisfies the testing callbackFn, or undefined if not found.
Array.prototype.findIndex(callbackFn(element[, index[, array]])[, thisArg])
Returns the found index in the array, if an element in the array satisfies the testing callbackFn, or -1 if not found.
Array.prototype.forEach(callbackFn(currentValue[, index[, array]])[, thisArg])
Calls a callbackFn for each element in the array.
Array.prototype.keys()
Returns a new Array Iterator that contains the keys for each index in the array.
Array.prototype.map(callbackFn(currentValue[, index[, array]])[, thisArg])
Returns a new array containing the results of calling callbackFn on every element in this array.
Array.prototype.reduce(callbackFn(accumulator, currentValue[, index[, array]])[, initialValue])
Apply a callbackFn against an accumulator and each value of the array (from left-to-right) as to reduce it to a single value.
Array.prototype.reduceRight(callbackFn(accumulator, currentValue[, index[, array]])[, initialValue])
Apply a callbackFn against an accumulator and each value of the array (from right-to-left) as to reduce it to a single value.
Array.prototype.some(callbackFn(element[, index[, array]])[, thisArg])
Returns true if at least one element in this array satisfies the provided testing callbackFn.
Array.prototype.values()
Returns a new Array Iterator object that contains the values for each index in the array.
Array.prototype[@@iterator]()
Returns a new Array Iterator object that contains the values for each index in the array.

Examples

Creating an array

The following example creates an array, msgArray, with a length of 0, then assigns values to msgArray[0] and msgArray[99], changing the length of the array to 100.

let msgArray = []
msgArray[0] = 'Hello'
msgArray[99] = 'world'

if (msgArray.length === 100) {
  console.log('The length is 100.')
}

Creating a two-dimensional array

The following creates a chess board as a two-dimensional array of strings. The first move is made by copying the 'p' in board[6][4] to board[4][4]. The old position at [6][4] is made blank.

let board = [ 
  ['R','N','B','Q','K','B','N','R'],
  ['P','P','P','P','P','P','P','P'],
  [' ',' ',' ',' ',' ',' ',' ',' '],
  [' ',' ',' ',' ',' ',' ',' ',' '],
  [' ',' ',' ',' ',' ',' ',' ',' '],
  [' ',' ',' ',' ',' ',' ',' ',' '],
  ['p','p','p','p','p','p','p','p'],
  ['r','n','b','q','k','b','n','r'] ]

console.log(board.join('\n') + '\n\n')

// Move King's Pawn forward 2
board[4][4] = board[6][4]
board[6][4] = ' '
console.log(board.join('\n'))

Here is the output:

R,N,B,Q,K,B,N,R
P,P,P,P,P,P,P,P
 , , , , , , , 
 , , , , , , , 
 , , , , , , , 
 , , , , , , , 
p,p,p,p,p,p,p,p
r,n,b,q,k,b,n,r

R,N,B,Q,K,B,N,R
P,P,P,P,P,P,P,P
 , , , , , , , 
 , , , , , , , 
 , , , ,p, , , 
 , , , , , , , 
p,p,p,p, ,p,p,p
r,n,b,q,k,b,n,r

Using an array to tabulate a set of values

values = []
for (let x = 0; x < 10; x++){
 values.push([
  2 ** x,
  2 * x ** 2
 ])
}
console.table(values)

Results in

0	1	0
1	2	2
2	4	8
3	8	18
4	16	32
5	32	50
6	64	72
7	128	98
8	256	128
9	512	162

(First column is the (index))

Specifications

Specification
ECMAScript Latest Draft (ECMA-262)
The definition of 'Array' in that specification.

Browser compatibility

Update compatibility data on GitHub
DesktopMobileServer
ChromeEdgeFirefoxInternet ExplorerOperaSafariAndroid webviewChrome for AndroidFirefox for AndroidOpera for AndroidSafari on iOSSamsung InternetNode.js
ArrayChrome Full support 1Edge Full support 12Firefox Full support 1IE Full support 4Opera Full support YesSafari Full support 1WebView Android Full support ≤37Chrome Android Full support 18Firefox Android Full support 4Opera Android Full support YesSafari iOS Full support 1Samsung Internet Android Full support 1.0nodejs Full support Yes
Array() constructorChrome Full support 1Edge Full support 12Firefox Full support 1IE Full support 4Opera Full support YesSafari Full support 1WebView Android Full support ≤37Chrome Android Full support 18Firefox Android Full support 4Opera Android Full support YesSafari iOS Full support 1Samsung Internet Android Full support 1.0nodejs Full support Yes
concatChrome Full support 1Edge Full support 12Firefox Full support 1IE Full support 5.5Opera Full support YesSafari Full support 1WebView Android Full support 1Chrome Android Full support 18Firefox Android Full support 4Opera Android Full support YesSafari iOS Full support 1Samsung Internet Android Full support Yesnodejs Full support Yes
copyWithinChrome Full support 45Edge Full support 12Firefox Full support 32IE No support NoOpera Full support 32Safari Full support 9WebView Android Full support 45Chrome Android Full support 45Firefox Android Full support 32Opera Android Full support YesSafari iOS Full support 9Samsung Internet Android Full support Yesnodejs Full support 4.0.0
entriesChrome Full support 38Edge Full support 12Firefox Full support 28IE No support NoOpera Full support 25Safari Full support 8WebView Android Full support 38Chrome Android Full support 38Firefox Android Full support 28Opera Android Full support YesSafari iOS Full support 8Samsung Internet Android Full support Yesnodejs Full support 0.12
everyChrome Full support 1Edge Full support 12Firefox Full support 1.5IE Full support 9Opera Full support YesSafari Full support 3WebView Android Full support ≤37Chrome Android Full support 18Firefox Android Full support 4Opera Android Full support YesSafari iOS Full support 1Samsung Internet Android Full support 1.0nodejs Full support Yes
fillChrome Full support 45Edge Full support 12Firefox Full support 31IE No support NoOpera Full support YesSafari Full support 8WebView Android Full support 45Chrome Android Full support 45Firefox Android Full support 31Opera Android Full support YesSafari iOS Full support 8Samsung Internet Android Full support Yesnodejs Full support 4.0.0
Full support 4.0.0
Full support 0.12
Disabled
Disabled From version 0.12: this feature is behind the --harmony runtime flag.
filterChrome Full support 1Edge Full support 12Firefox Full support 1.5IE Full support 9Opera Full support YesSafari Full support 3WebView Android Full support ≤37Chrome Android Full support 18Firefox Android Full support 4Opera Android Full support YesSafari iOS Full support 1Samsung Internet Android Full support 1.0nodejs Full support Yes
findChrome Full support 45Edge Full support 12Firefox Full support 25IE No support NoOpera Full support 32Safari Full support 8WebView Android Full support 45Chrome Android Full support 45Firefox Android Full support 4Opera Android Full support YesSafari iOS Full support 8Samsung Internet Android Full support Yesnodejs Full support 4.0.0
Full support 4.0.0
Full support 0.12
Disabled
Disabled From version 0.12: this feature is behind the --harmony runtime flag.
findIndexChrome Full support 45Edge Full support 12Firefox Full support 25IE No support NoOpera Full support 32Safari Full support 8WebView Android Full support 45Chrome Android Full support 45Firefox Android Full support 4Opera Android Full support YesSafari iOS Full support 8Samsung Internet Android Full support Yesnodejs Full support 4.0.0
Full support 4.0.0
Full support 0.12
Disabled
Disabled From version 0.12: this feature is behind the --harmony runtime flag.
flatChrome Full support 69Edge No support NoFirefox Full support 62IE No support NoOpera Full support 56Safari Full support 12WebView Android Full support 69Chrome Android Full support 69Firefox Android Full support 62Opera Android Full support 48Safari iOS Full support 12Samsung Internet Android Full support 10.0nodejs Full support 11.0.0
flatMapChrome Full support 69Edge No support NoFirefox Full support 62IE No support NoOpera Full support 56Safari Full support 12WebView Android Full support 69Chrome Android Full support 69Firefox Android Full support 62Opera Android Full support 48Safari iOS Full support 12Samsung Internet Android Full support 10.0nodejs Full support 11.0.0
forEachChrome Full support 1Edge Full support 12Firefox Full support 1.5IE Full support 9Opera Full support YesSafari Full support 3WebView Android Full support ≤37Chrome Android Full support 18Firefox Android Full support 4Opera Android Full support YesSafari iOS Full support 1Samsung Internet Android Full support 1.0nodejs Full support Yes
fromChrome Full support 45Edge Full support 12Firefox Full support 32IE No support NoOpera Full support YesSafari Full support 9WebView Android Full support 45Chrome Android Full support 45Firefox Android Full support 32Opera Android Full support YesSafari iOS Full support 9Samsung Internet Android Full support Yesnodejs Full support 4.0.0
includesChrome Full support 47Edge Full support 14Firefox Full support 43IE No support NoOpera Full support 34Safari Full support 9WebView Android Full support 47Chrome Android Full support 47Firefox Android Full support 43Opera Android Full support 34Safari iOS Full support 9Samsung Internet Android Full support Yesnodejs Full support 6.0.0
Full support 6.0.0
Full support 5.0.0
Disabled
Disabled From version 5.0.0: this feature is behind the --harmony runtime flag.
indexOfChrome Full support 1Edge Full support 12Firefox Full support 1.5IE Full support 9Opera Full support YesSafari Full support 3WebView Android Full support ≤37Chrome Android Full support 18Firefox Android Full support 4Opera Android Full support YesSafari iOS Full support 1Samsung Internet Android Full support 1.0nodejs Full support Yes
isArrayChrome Full support 5Edge Full support 12Firefox Full support 4IE Full support 9Opera Full support 10.5Safari Full support 5WebView Android Full support 1Chrome Android Full support 18Firefox Android Full support 4Opera Android Full support YesSafari iOS Full support 5Samsung Internet Android Full support Yesnodejs Full support Yes
joinChrome Full support 1Edge Full support 12Firefox Full support 1IE Full support 5.5Opera Full support YesSafari Full support 1WebView Android Full support 1Chrome Android Full support 18Firefox Android Full support 4Opera Android Full support YesSafari iOS Full support 1Samsung Internet Android Full support Yesnodejs Full support Yes
keysChrome Full support 38Edge Full support 12Firefox Full support 28IE No support NoOpera Full support 25Safari Full support 8WebView Android Full support 38Chrome Android Full support 38Firefox Android Full support 28Opera Android Full support YesSafari iOS Full support 8Samsung Internet Android Full support Yesnodejs Full support 0.12
lastIndexOfChrome Full support 1Edge Full support 12Firefox Full support 1.5IE Full support 9Opera Full support YesSafari Full support 3WebView Android Full support ≤37Chrome Android Full support 18Firefox Android Full support 4Opera Android Full support YesSafari iOS Full support 1Samsung Internet Android Full support 1.0nodejs Full support Yes
lengthChrome Full support 1Edge Full support 12Firefox Full support 1IE Full support 4Opera Full support YesSafari Full support 1WebView Android Full support ≤37Chrome Android Full support 18Firefox Android Full support 4Opera Android Full support YesSafari iOS Full support 1Samsung Internet Android Full support 1.0nodejs Full support Yes
mapChrome Full support 1Edge Full support 12Firefox Full support 1.5IE Full support 9Opera Full support YesSafari Full support 3WebView Android Full support ≤37Chrome Android Full support 18Firefox Android Full support 4Opera Android Full support YesSafari iOS Full support 1Samsung Internet Android Full support 1.0nodejs Full support Yes
observe
DeprecatedNon-standard
Chrome No support 36 — 52Edge No support NoFirefox No support NoIE No support NoOpera No support NoSafari No support NoWebView Android No support NoChrome Android No support NoFirefox Android No support NoOpera Android No support NoSafari iOS No support NoSamsung Internet Android No support Nonodejs No support No
ofChrome Full support 45Edge Full support 12Firefox Full support 25IE No support NoOpera Full support YesSafari Full support 9WebView Android Full support 39Chrome Android Full support 39Firefox Android Full support 25Opera Android Full support YesSafari iOS Full support 9Samsung Internet Android Full support 4.0nodejs Full support 4.0.0
popChrome Full support 1Edge Full support 12Firefox Full support 1IE Full support 5.5Opera Full support YesSafari Full support 1WebView Android Full support 1Chrome Android Full support 18Firefox Android Full support 4Opera Android Full support YesSafari iOS Full support 1Samsung Internet Android Full support Yesnodejs Full support Yes
pushChrome Full support 1Edge Full support 12Firefox Full support 1IE Full support 5.5Opera Full support YesSafari Full support 1WebView Android Full support 1Chrome Android Full support 18Firefox Android Full support 4Opera Android Full support YesSafari iOS Full support 1Samsung Internet Android Full support Yesnodejs Full support Yes
reduceChrome Full support 3Edge Full support 12Firefox Full support 3IE Full support 9Opera Full support 10.5Safari Full support 4.1WebView Android Full support ≤37Chrome Android Full support 18Firefox Android Full support 4Opera Android Full support YesSafari iOS Full support 4Samsung Internet Android Full support 1.0nodejs Full support Yes
reduceRightChrome Full support 3Edge Full support 12Firefox Full support 3IE Full support 9Opera Full support 10.5Safari Full support 4.1WebView Android Full support ≤37Chrome Android Full support 18Firefox Android Full support 4Opera Android Full support YesSafari iOS Full support 4Samsung Internet Android Full support 1.0nodejs Full support Yes
reverseChrome Full support 1Edge Full support 12Firefox Full support 1IE Full support 5.5Opera Full support YesSafari Full support 1WebView Android Full support 1Chrome Android Full support 18Firefox Android Full support 4Opera Android Full support YesSafari iOS Full support 1Samsung Internet Android Full support Yesnodejs Full support Yes
shiftChrome Full support 1Edge Full support 12Firefox Full support 1IE Full support 5.5Opera Full support YesSafari Full support 1WebView Android Full support 1Chrome Android Full support 18Firefox Android Full support 4Opera Android Full support YesSafari iOS Full support 1Samsung Internet Android Full support Yesnodejs Full support Yes
sliceChrome Full support 1Edge Full support 12Firefox Full support 1IE Full support 4Opera Full support YesSafari Full support 1WebView Android Full support 1Chrome Android Full support 18Firefox Android Full support 4Opera Android Full support YesSafari iOS Full support 1Samsung Internet Android Full support Yesnodejs Full support Yes
someChrome Full support 1Edge Full support 12Firefox Full support 1.5IE Full support 9Opera Full support YesSafari Full support 3WebView Android Full support ≤37Chrome Android Full support 18Firefox Android Full support 4Opera Android Full support YesSafari iOS Full support 1Samsung Internet Android Full support 1.0nodejs Full support Yes
sortChrome Full support 1Edge Full support 12Firefox Full support 1IE Full support 5.5Opera Full support YesSafari Full support 1WebView Android Full support 1Chrome Android Full support 18Firefox Android Full support 4Opera Android Full support YesSafari iOS Full support 1Samsung Internet Android Full support Yesnodejs Full support Yes
spliceChrome Full support 1Edge Full support 12Firefox Full support 1IE Full support 5.5
Notes
Full support 5.5
Notes
Notes From Internet Explorer 5.5 through 8, all elements of the array will not be deleted if deleteCount is omitted. This behavior was fixed in Internet Explorer 9.
Opera Full support YesSafari Full support 1WebView Android Full support 1Chrome Android Full support 18Firefox Android Full support 4Opera Android Full support YesSafari iOS Full support 1Samsung Internet Android Full support Yesnodejs Full support Yes
toLocaleStringChrome Full support 1Edge Full support 12Firefox Full support 1IE Full support 5.5Opera Full support YesSafari Full support 1WebView Android Full support ≤37Chrome Android Full support 18Firefox Android Full support 4Opera Android Full support YesSafari iOS Full support 1Samsung Internet Android Full support 1.0nodejs Full support Yes
toSource
Non-standard
Chrome No support NoEdge No support NoFirefox Full support 1IE No support NoOpera No support NoSafari No support NoWebView Android No support NoChrome Android No support NoFirefox Android Full support 4Opera Android No support NoSafari iOS No support NoSamsung Internet Android No support Nonodejs No support No
toStringChrome Full support 1Edge Full support 12Firefox Full support 1IE Full support 4Opera Full support YesSafari Full support 1WebView Android Full support ≤37Chrome Android Full support 18Firefox Android Full support 4Opera Android Full support YesSafari iOS Full support 1Samsung Internet Android Full support 1.0nodejs Full support Yes
unobserve
DeprecatedNon-standard
Chrome No support 36 — 52Edge No support NoFirefox No support NoIE No support NoOpera No support NoSafari No support NoWebView Android No support NoChrome Android No support NoFirefox Android No support NoOpera Android No support NoSafari iOS No support NoSamsung Internet Android No support Nonodejs No support No
unshiftChrome Full support 1Edge Full support 12Firefox Full support 1IE Full support 5.5Opera Full support YesSafari Full support 1WebView Android Full support 1Chrome Android Full support 18Firefox Android Full support 4Opera Android Full support YesSafari iOS Full support 1Samsung Internet Android Full support Yesnodejs Full support Yes
valuesChrome Full support 66Edge Full support 12Firefox Full support 60IE No support NoOpera Full support 53Safari Full support 9WebView Android Full support 66Chrome Android Full support 66Firefox Android Full support 60Opera Android Full support 47Safari iOS Full support 9Samsung Internet Android Full support 9.0nodejs Full support 10.9.0
Full support 10.9.0
Full support 6.5.0
Notes Disabled
Notes The --harmony-array-prototype-values flag is required; the --harmony flag is not sufficient in this case.
Disabled From version 6.5.0: this feature is behind the --harmony-array-prototype-values runtime flag.
No support 0.12 — 4.0.0
@@iteratorChrome Full support 38Edge Full support 12Firefox Full support 36
Full support 36
No support 27 — 36
Notes Alternate Name
Notes A placeholder property named @@iterator is used.
Alternate Name Uses the non-standard name: @@iterator
No support 17 — 27
Notes Alternate Name
Notes A placeholder property named iterator is used.
Alternate Name Uses the non-standard name: iterator
IE No support NoOpera Full support 25Safari Full support 10WebView Android Full support 38Chrome Android Full support 38Firefox Android Full support 36
Full support 36
No support 27 — 36
Notes Alternate Name
Notes A placeholder property named @@iterator is used.
Alternate Name Uses the non-standard name: @@iterator
No support 17 — 27
Notes Alternate Name
Notes A placeholder property named iterator is used.
Alternate Name Uses the non-standard name: iterator
Opera Android Full support YesSafari iOS Full support 10Samsung Internet Android Full support Yesnodejs Full support 0.12
@@speciesChrome Full support 51Edge No support NoFirefox Full support 48IE No support NoOpera Full support 38Safari Full support 10WebView Android Full support 51Chrome Android Full support 51Firefox Android Full support 48Opera Android Full support 41Safari iOS Full support 10Samsung Internet Android Full support 5.0nodejs Full support 6.5.0
Full support 6.5.0
Full support 6.0.0
Disabled
Disabled From version 6.0.0: this feature is behind the --harmony runtime flag.
@@unscopablesChrome Full support 38Edge Full support 12Firefox Full support 48IE No support NoOpera Full support 25Safari Full support 10WebView Android Full support 38Chrome Android Full support 38Firefox Android Full support 48Opera Android Full support 25Safari iOS Full support 10Samsung Internet Android Full support 3.0nodejs Full support 0.12

Legend

Full support  
Full support
No support  
No support
Non-standard. Expect poor cross-browser support.
Non-standard. Expect poor cross-browser support.
Deprecated. Not for use in new websites.
Deprecated. Not for use in new websites.
See implementation notes.
See implementation notes.
User must explicitly enable this feature.
User must explicitly enable this feature.
Uses a non-standard name.
Uses a non-standard name.

See also