The JSON.parse() method parses a string as JSON, optionally transforming the value produced by parsing.

Syntax

JSON.parse(text[, reviver])

Parameters

text
The string to parse as JSON. See the JSON object for a description of JSON syntax.
reviver Optional
If a function, prescribes how the value originally produced by parsing is transformed, before being returned.

Return value

The Object corresponding to the given JSON text.

Exceptions

Throws a SyntaxError exception if the string to parse is not valid JSON.

Examples

Using JSON.parse()

JSON.parse('{}');              // {}
JSON.parse('true');            // true
JSON.parse('"foo"');           // "foo"
JSON.parse('[1, 5, "false"]'); // [1, 5, "false"]
JSON.parse('null');            // null

Using the reviver parameter

If a reviver is specified, the value computed by parsing is transformed before being returned. Specifically, the computed value, and all its properties (beginning with the most nested properties and proceeding to the original value itself), are individually run through the reviver, which is called with the object containing the property being processed as this and with the property name as a string and the property value as arguments. If the reviver function returns undefined (or returns no value, e.g. if execution falls off the end of the function), the property is deleted from the object. Otherwise the property is redefined to be the return value.

If the reviver only transforms some values and no others, be certain to return all untransformed values as-is, otherwise they will be deleted from the resulting object.

JSON.parse('{"p": 5}', function(k, v) {
  if (typeof v === 'number') {
    return v * 2;  // return v * 2 for numbers
  }
  return v;        // return everything else unchanged
});

// { p: 10 }

JSON.parse('{"1": 1, "2": 2, "3": {"4": 4, "5": {"6": 6}}}', function(k, v) {
  console.log(k); // log the current property name, the last is "".
  return v;       // return the unchanged property value.
});

// 1
// 2
// 4
// 6
// 5
// 3 
// ""

JSON.parse() does not allow trailing commas

// both will throw a SyntaxError
JSON.parse('[1, 2, 3, 4, ]');
JSON.parse('{"foo" : 1, }');

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
ECMAScript 5.1 (ECMA-262)
The definition of 'JSON.parse' in that specification.
Standard Initial definition. Implemented in JavaScript 1.7.
ECMAScript 2015 (6th Edition, ECMA-262)
The definition of 'JSON.parse' in that specification.
Standard  
ECMAScript 2017 Draft (ECMA-262)
The definition of 'JSON.parse' in that specification.
Draft  

Browser compatibility

Feature Chrome Firefox (Gecko) Internet Explorer Opera Safari
Basic support (Yes) 3.5 (1.9.1) 8.0 10.5 4.0
Feature Android Chrome for Android Firefox Mobile (Gecko) IE Mobile Opera Mobile Safari Mobile
Basic support (Yes) (Yes) 1.0 (1.0) (Yes) (Yes) (Yes)

Gecko-specific notes

Starting Gecko 29 (Firefox 29 / Thunderbird 29 / SeaMonkey 2.26), a malformed JSON string yields a more detailed error message containing the line and column number that caused the parsing error. This is useful when debugging large JSON data.

JSON.parse('[1, 2, 3, 4,]');
// SyntaxError: JSON.parse: unexpected character at
// line 1 column 13 of the JSON data

See also

Document Tags and Contributors

 Last updated by: eduardoboucas,