The handler.set() method is a trap for setting a property value.


var p = new Proxy(target, {
  set: function(target, property, value, receiver) {


The following parameters are passed to the set method. this is bound to the handler.

The target object.
The name of the property to set.
The new value of the property to set.
The object to which the assignment was originally directed. This is usually the proxy itself. But a set handler can also be called indirectly, via the prototype chain or various other ways.
For example, suppose a script does obj.name = "jen", and obj is not a proxy, and has no own property .name, but it has a proxy on its prototype chain. That proxy's set handler will be called, and obj will be passed as the receiver.

Return value

The set method should return a boolean value. Return true to indicate that assignment succeeded. If the set method returns false, and the assignment happened in strict-mode code, a TypeError will be thrown.


The handler.set method is a trap for setting property value.


This trap can intercept these operations:

  • Property assignment: proxy[foo] = bar and proxy.foo = bar
  • Inherited property assignment: Object.create(proxy)[foo] = bar
  • Reflect.set()


If the following invariants are violated, the proxy will throw a TypeError:

  • Cannot change the value of a property to be different from the value of the corresponding target object property if the corresponding target object property is a non-writable, non-configurable data property.
  • Cannot set the value of a property if the corresponding target object property is a non-configurable accessor property that has undefined as its [[Set]] attribute.
  • In strict mode, a false return value from the set handler will throw a TypeError exception.


The following code traps setting a property value.

var p = new Proxy({}, {
  set: function(target, prop, value, receiver) {
    console.log("called: " + prop + " = " + value);
    return true;

p.a = 10; // "called: a = 10"


Specification Status Comment
ECMAScript 2015 (6th Edition, ECMA-262)
The definition of '[[Set]]' in that specification.
Standard Initial definition.
ECMAScript 2017 Draft (ECMA-262)
The definition of '[[Set]]' in that specification.

Browser compatibility

Feature Chrome Firefox (Gecko) Internet Explorer Opera Safari
Basic support ? 18 (18) ? ? ?
Feature Android Chrome for Android Firefox Mobile (Gecko) IE Mobile Opera Mobile Safari Mobile
Basic support ? ? 18.0 (18) ? ? ?

See also

Document Tags and Contributors

 Contributors to this page: fscholz, jorendorff-moz, arai
 Last updated by: fscholz,