MediaTrackConstraints

The MediaTrackConstraints dictionary is used to describe a set of capabilities and the value or values each can take on. A constraints dictionary is passed into applyConstraints() to allow a script to establish a set of exact (required) values or ranges and/or preferred values or ranges of values for the track, and the most recently-requested set of custom constraints can be retrieved by calling getConstraints().

For each constraint, you can typically specify an exact value you need, an ideal value you want, a range of acceptable values, and/or a value which you'd like to be as close to as possible. The specifics vary somewhat depending on the type of the constrainable property.

To learn more about how constraints work, see Capabilities, constraints, and settings.

Properties

Some combination—but not necessarily all—of the following properties will exist on the object.

Properties of all media tracks

deviceId
A ConstrainDOMString object specifying a device ID or an array of device IDs which are acceptable and/or required.
groupId
A ConstrainDOMString object specifying a group ID or an array of group IDs which are acceptable and/or required.

Properties of audio tracks

autoGainControl
A ConstrainBoolean object which specifies whether automatic gain control is preferred and/or required.
channelCount
A ConstrainLong specifying the channel count or range of channel counts which are acceptable and/or required.
echoCancellation
A ConstrainBoolean object specifying whether or not echo cancellation is preferred and/or required.
latency
A ConstrainDouble specifying the latency or range of latencies which are acceptable and/or required.
noiseSuppression
A ConstrainBoolean which specifies whether noise suppression is preferred and/or required.
sampleRate
A ConstrainLong specifying the sample rate or range of sample rates which are acceptable and/or required.
sampleSize
A ConstrainLong specifying the sample size or range of sample sizes which are acceptable and/or required.
volume
A ConstrainDouble specifying the volume or range of volumes which are acceptable and/or required.

Properties of image tracks

whiteBalanceMode
A String specifying one of "none", "manual", "sigle-shot", or "continuous".
exposureMode
A String specifying one of "none", "manual", "sigle-shot", or "continuous".
focusMode
A String specifying one of "none", "manual", "sigle-shot", or "continuous".
pointsOfInterest
The pixel coordinates on the sensor of one or more points of interest. This is either an object in the form { x:value, y:value } or an array of such objects, where value  is a double-precision integer.
exposureCompensation
A ConstrainDouble (a double-precision integer) specifying f-stop adjustment by up to ±3. 
colorTemperature
A ConstrainDouble (a double-precision integer) specifying a desired color temperature in degrees kelvin.
iso
A ConstrainDouble (a double-precision integer) specifying a desired iso setting.
brightness
A ConstrainDouble (a double-precision integer) specifying a desired brightness setting.
contrast
A ConstrainDouble (a double-precision integer) specifying the degree of difference between light and dark.
saturation
A ConstrainDouble (a double-precision integer) specifying the degree of color intensity.
sharpness
A ConstrainDouble (a double-precision integer) specifying the intensity of edges.
focusDistance
A ConstrainDouble (a double-precision integer) specifying distance to a focused object.
zoom
A ConstrainDouble (a double-precision integer) specifying the desired focal length.
torch
A Boolean whter the fill light continuously connected, meaning it stays on as long as the track is active.

Properties of video tracks

aspectRatio
A ConstrainDouble specifying the video aspect ratio or range of aspect ratios which are acceptable and/or required.
facingMode
A ConstrainDOMString object specifying a facing or an array of facings which are acceptable and/or required.
frameRate
A ConstrainDouble specifying the frame rate or range of frame rates which are acceptable and/or required.
height
A ConstrainLong specifying the video height or range of heights which are acceptable and/or required.
width
A ConstrainLong specifying the video width or range of widths which are acceptable and/or required.

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
Media Capture and Streams
The definition of 'applyConstraints()' in that specification.
Candidate Recommendation Initial definition.
MediaStream Image Capture
The definition of 'applyConstraints()' in that specification.
Working Draft Adds image constraints.

Browser compatibility

We're converting our compatibility data into a machine-readable JSON format. This compatibility table still uses the old format, because we haven't yet converted the data it contains. Find out how you can help!

Feature Chrome Firefox (Gecko) Internet Explorer Opera Safari
Basic support 59 ? ? 46 ?
deviceId 59 ? ? 46 ?
groupId 59 ? ? 46 ?
Audio track properties No support ? ? No support ?
Image track properties 63 ? ? 50 ?
Video track properties 59 ? ? 46 ?
Feature Android Webview Chrome for Android Firefox Mobile (Gecko) IE Mobile Opera Mobile Safari Mobile
Basic support 59 59 ? ? 46 ?
deviceId 59 59 ? ? 46 ?
groupId 59 59 ? ? 46 ?
Audio track properties No support No support ? ? No support ?
Image track properties 63 63 ? ? 50 ?
Video track properties 59 59 ? ? 46 ?

See also

Document Tags and Contributors

 Contributors to this page: jpmedley, Sheppy
 Last updated by: jpmedley,