The MediaStreamTrack interface represents a single media track within a stream; typically, these are audio or video tracks, but other track types may exist as well.

Properties

In addition to the properties listed below, MediaStreamTrack has constrainable properties which can be set using applyConstraints() and accessed using getConstraints() and getSettings(). See Capabilities, constraints, and settings to learn how to correctly work with constrainable properties. Not doing so correctly will result in your code being unreliable.

MediaStreamTrack.enabled
A Boolean value with a value of true if the track is enabled, that is allowed to render the media source stream; or false if it is disabled, that is not rendering the media source stream but silence and blackness. If the track has been disconnected, this value can be changed but has no more effect.
MediaStreamTrack.id Read only
Returns a DOMString containing a unique identifier (GUID) for the track; it is generated by the browser.
MediaStreamTrack.kind Read only
Returns a DOMString set to "audio" if the track is an audio track and to "video", if it is a video track. It doesn't change if the track is deassociated from its source.
MediaStreamTrack.label Read only
Returns a DOMString containing a user agent-assigned label that identifies the track source, as in "internal microphone". The string may be left empty and is empty as long as no source has been connected. When the track is deassociated from its source, the label is not changed.
MediaStreamTrack.muted Read only
Returns a Boolean value indicating whether the track is muted.
MediaStreamTrack.readonly Read only
Returns a Boolean value with a value of true if the track is readonly (such a video file source or a camera that settings can't be modified),false otherwise.
MediaStreamTrack.readyState Read only
Returns an enumerated value giving the status of the track. This will be one of the following values:
  • "live" which indicates that an input is connected and does its best-effort in providing real-time data. In that case, the output of data can be switched on or off using the MediaStreamTrack.enabled attribute.
  • "ended" which indicates that the input is not giving any more data and will never provide new data.
MediaStreamTrack.remote Read only
Returns a Boolean with a value of true if the track is sourced by a RTCPeerConnection, false otherwise.

Event handlers

MediaStreamTrack.onstarted
Is a EventHandler containing the action to perform when an started event is fired on the object, that is when a new MediaStreamTrack object is added.
MediaStreamTrack.onmute
Is a EventHandler containing the action to perform when an mute event is fired on the object, that is when the streaming is terminating.
MediaStreamTrack.onunmute
Is a EventHandler containing the action to perform when an unmute event is fired on the object, that is when a  MediaStreamTrack object is removed from it.
MediaStreamTrack.onoverconstrained
Is a EventHandler containing the action to perform when an overconstrained event is fired on the object, that is when a  MediaStreamTrack object is removed from it.
MediaStreamTrack.onended
Is a EventHandler containing the action to perform when an ended event is fired on the object, that is when a  MediaStreamTrack object is removed from it.

Methods

applyConstraints()
Lets the application specify the ideal and/or ranges of acceptable values for any number of the available constrainable properties of the MediaStreamTrack.
clone()
Returns a duplicate of the MediaStreamTrack.
getCapabilities()
Returns the a list of constrainable properties available for the MediaStreamTrack.
getConstraints()
Returns a MediaTrackConstraints object containing the currently set constraints for the track; the returned value matches the constraints last set using applyConstraints().
getSettings()
Returns a MediaTrackSettings object containing the current values of each of the MediaStreamTrack's constrainable properties.
stop()
Stops playing the source associated to the track, both the source and the track are deassociated. The track state is set to ended.

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
Media Capture and Streams
The definition of 'MediaStreamTrack' in that specification.
Editor's Draft Initial definition

Browser compatibility

Feature Chrome Firefox (Gecko) Internet Explorer Opera Safari (WebKit)
Basic support (Yes) 22 (22) No support No support ?
stop() (Yes) 34 (34) ? ? ?
kind, id, label (Yes) 22 (22) ? ? ?
clone() (Yes) 48 (48) ? ? ?
onended, readyState (Yes) 50 (50) ? ? ?
enabled (Yes) 23 (23) (Yes) (Yes) (Yes)
muted, onmute, onunmute (Yes) No support ? ? ?
remote 48.0 No support ? ? ?
getConstraints(), getSettings() 53.0 50 (50) ? ? ?
onoverconstrained ? No support ? ? ?
getSources() (Yes) No support ? ? ?
Feature Android Android Webview Firefox Mobile (Gecko) IE Phone Opera Mobile Safari Mobile Chrome for Android
Basic support ? (Yes) 22.0 (22) No support No support ? (Yes)
stop() ? (Yes) 34.0 (34) No support ? ? (Yes)
kind, id, label (Yes) 22 (22) ? ? ? ? ?
clone() (Yes) 48.0 (48) ? ? ? ? ?
onended, readyState (Yes) 50.0 (50) ? ? ? ? ?
enabled (Yes) 23.0 (23) (Yes) (Yes) (Yes) ? ?
muted, onmute, onunmute (Yes) No support ? ? ? ? ?
remote No support 48.0 No support No support ? ? 48.0
getConstraints(), getSettings() No support 53.0 50 (50) No support ? ? 52.0
onoverconstrained ? No support ? ? ? ? ?
getSources() (Yes) No support ? ? ? ? ?

See also

Document Tags and Contributors

 Last updated by: Sheppy,