SpeechGrammarList.SpeechGrammarList()

This is an experimental technology
Check the Browser compatibility table carefully before using this in production.

The SpeechGrammarList() constructor creates a new SpeechGrammarList object instance.

Syntax

var myGrammarList = new SpeechGrammarList();

Parameters

None.

Examples

In our simple Speech color changer example, we create a new SpeechRecognition object instance using the SpeechRecognition() constructor, create a new SpeechGrammarList, add our grammar string to it using the SpeechGrammarList.addFromString method, and set it to be the grammar that will be recognised by the SpeechRecognition instance using the SpeechRecognition.grammars property.

var grammar = '#JSGF V1.0; grammar colors; public <color> = aqua | azure | beige | bisque | black | blue | brown | chocolate | coral | crimson | cyan | fuchsia | ghostwhite | gold | goldenrod | gray | green | indigo | ivory | khaki | lavender | lime | linen | magenta | maroon | moccasin | navy | olive | orange | orchid | peru | pink | plum | purple | red | salmon | sienna | silver | snow | tan | teal | thistle | tomato | turquoise | violet | white | yellow ;'
var recognition = new SpeechRecognition();
var speechRecognitionList = new SpeechGrammarList();
speechRecognitionList.addFromString(grammar, 1);
recognition.grammars = speechRecognitionList;

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
Web Speech API
The definition of 'SpeechGrammarList' in that specification.
Draft  

Browser compatibility

FeatureChromeEdgeFirefoxInternet ExplorerOperaSafari
Basic support33 webkit 1 ? No No No No
FeatureAndroid webviewChrome for AndroidEdge mobileFirefox for AndroidOpera AndroidiOS SafariSamsung Internet
Basic support Yes webkit 1 Yes1 ? No No No ?

1. You'll need to serve your code through a web server for recognition to work.

Firefox OS permissions

To use speech recognition in an app, you need to specify the following permissions in your manifest:

"permissions": {
  "audio-capture" : {
    "description" : "Audio capture"
  },
  "speech-recognition" : {
    "description" : "Speech recognition"
  }
}

You also need a privileged app, so you need to include this as well:

  "type": "privileged"

See also

Document Tags and Contributors

Contributors to this page: ExE-Boss, chrisdavidmills
Last updated by: ExE-Boss,