SpeechGrammarList.addFromURI()

This is an experimental technology
Check the Browser compatibility table carefully before using this in production.

The addFromURI() method of the SpeechGrammarList interface takes a grammar present at a specific URI and adds it to the SpeechGrammarList as a new SpeechGrammar object.

Note that some speech recognition services may support built-in grammars that can be specified by URI.

Syntax

speechGrammarListInstance.addFromURI(src,weight);

Returns

Void.

Parameters

src
A DOMString representing the URI of the grammar to be added.
weight Optional
A float representing the weight of the grammar relative to other grammars present in the SpeechGrammarList. The weight means the importance of this grammar, or the likelihood that it will be recognised by the speech recognition service. The value can be between 0.0 and 1.0; If not specified, the default used is 1.0.

Examples

var grammar = '#JSGF V1.0; grammar colors; public <color> = aqua | azure | beige | bisque | black | blue | brown | chocolate | coral | crimson | cyan | fuchsia | ghostwhite | gold | goldenrod | gray | green | indigo | ivory | khaki | lavender | lime | linen | magenta | maroon | moccasin | navy | olive | orange | orchid | peru | pink | plum | purple | red | salmon | sienna | silver | snow | tan | teal | thistle | tomato | turquoise | violet | white | yellow ;'
var recognition = new SpeechRecognition();
var speechRecognitionList = new SpeechGrammarList();
speechRecognitionList.addFromString(grammar, 1);
recognition.grammars = speechRecognitionList;

speechRecognitionList.addFromURI('http://www.example.com/grammar.txt'); // adds a second grammar to the list.

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
Web Speech API
The definition of 'addFromURI()' in that specification.
Draft  

Browser compatibility

FeatureChromeEdgeFirefoxInternet ExplorerOperaSafari
Basic support33 webkit 1 ? No No No No
FeatureAndroid webviewChrome for AndroidEdge mobileFirefox for AndroidOpera AndroidiOS SafariSamsung Internet
Basic support Yes webkit 1 Yes webkit 1 ? No No No ?

1. You'll need to serve your code through a web server for recognition to work.

Firefox OS permissions

To use speech recognition in an app, you need to specify the following permissions in your manifest:

"permissions": {
  "audio-capture" : {
    "description" : "Audio capture"
  },
  "speech-recognition" : {
    "description" : "Speech recognition"
  }
}

You also need a privileged app, so you need to include this as well:

  "type": "privileged"

See also

Document Tags and Contributors

Contributors to this page: ExE-Boss, chrisdavidmills
Last updated by: ExE-Boss,