This is an experimental technology
Because this technology's specification has not stabilized, check the compatibility table for the proper prefixes to use in various browsers. Also note that the syntax and behavior of an experimental technology is subject to change in future versions of browsers as the spec changes.

The addFromURI() method of the SpeechGrammarList interface takes a grammar present at a specific URI and adds it to the SpeechGrammarList as a new SpeechGrammar object.

Note that some speech recognition services may support built-in grammars that can be specified by URI.






A DOMString representing the URI of the grammar to be added.
weight Optional
A float representing the weight of the grammar relative to other grammars present in the SpeechGrammarList. The weight means the importance of this grammar, or the likelihood that it will be recognised by the speech recognition service. The value can be between 0.0 and 1.0; If not specified, the default used is 1.0.


var grammar = '#JSGF V1.0; grammar colors; public <color> = aqua | azure | beige | bisque | black | blue | brown | chocolate | coral | crimson | cyan | fuchsia | ghostwhite | gold | goldenrod | gray | green | indigo | ivory | khaki | lavender | lime | linen | magenta | maroon | moccasin | navy | olive | orange | orchid | peru | pink | plum | purple | red | salmon | sienna | silver | snow | tan | teal | thistle | tomato | turquoise | violet | white | yellow ;'
var recognition = new SpeechRecognition();
var speechRecognitionList = new SpeechGrammarList();
speechRecognitionList.addFromString(grammar, 1);
recognition.grammars = speechRecognitionList;

speechRecognitionList.addFromURI('http://www.example.com/grammar.txt'); // adds a second grammar to the list.


Specification Status Comment
Web Speech API
The definition of 'addFromURI()' in that specification.

Browser compatibility

Feature Chrome Firefox (Gecko) Internet Explorer Opera Safari (WebKit)
Basic support 33 [1] 44 (44) [2] Not supported Not supported Not supported
Feature Android Chrome Firefox Mobile (Gecko) Firefox OS IE Phone Opera Mobile Safari Mobile
Basic support ? (Yes)[1] ? 2.5 Not supported Not supported Not supported
  • [1] Speech recognition interfaces are currently prefixed on Chrome, so you'll need to prefix interface names appropriately, e.g. webkitSpeechRecognition; You'll also need to serve your code through a web server for recognition to work.
  • [2] Can be enabled via the media.webspeech.recognition.enable flag in about:config, although note that currently speech recognition won't work on Desktop Firefox — it will be properly exposed soon, once the required internal permissions are sorted out.

Firefox OS permissions

To use speech recognition in an app, you need to specify the following permissions in your manifest:

"permissions": {
  "audio-capture" : {
    "description" : "Audio capture"
  "speech-recognition" : {
    "description" : "Speech recognition"

You also need a privileged app, so you need to include this as well:

  "type": "privileged"

See also

Document Tags and Contributors

 Contributors to this page: chrisdavidmills
 Last updated by: chrisdavidmills,