WritableStreamDefaultWriter.WritableStreamDefaultWriter()

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Check the Browser compatibility table carefully before using this in production.

The WritableStreamDefaultWriter() constructor creates a new WritableStreamDefaultWriter object instance.

Note: You generally wouldn't use this constructor manually; instead, you'd use the WritableStream.getWriter() method.

Syntax

var writableStreamWriter = new WritableStreamDefaultWriter(stream);

Parameters

stream
The WritableStream to be written to.

Return value

An instance of the WritableStreamDefaultWriter object.

Exceptions

TypeError

The provided stream value is not a WritableStream, or it is locked to another writer already.

Examples

The following example shows the creation of a WritableStream with a custom sink and an API-supplied queueing strategy. It then calls a function called sendMessage(), passing the newly created stream and a string. Inside this function it calls the stream's getWriter() method, which returns an instance of WritableStreamDefaultWriter. A forEach() call is used to write each chunk of the string to the stream. Finally, write() and close() return promises that are processed to deal with success or failure of chunks and streams.

const list = document.querySelector('ul');

function sendMessage(message, writableStream) {
  // defaultWriter is of type WritableStreamDefaultWriter
  const defaultWriter = writableStream.getWriter();
  const encoder = new TextEncoder();
  const encoded = encoder.encode(message, { stream: true });
  encoded.forEach((chunk) => {
    defaultWriter.ready
      .then(() => {
        return defaultWriter.write(chunk);
      })
      .then(() => {
        console.log("Chunk written to sink.");
      })
      .catch((err) => {
        console.log("Chunk error:", err);
      });
  });
  // Call ready again to ensure that all chunks are written
  //   before closing the writer.
  defaultWriter.ready
    .then(() => {
      defaultWriter.close();
    })
    .then(() => {
      console.log("All chunks written");
    })
    .catch((err) => {
      console.log("Stream error:", err);
    });
}

const decoder = new TextDecoder("utf-8");
const queuingStrategy = new CountQueuingStrategy({ highWaterMark: 1 });
let result = "";
const writableStream = new WritableStream({
  // Implement the sink
  write(chunk) {
    return new Promise((resolve, reject) => {
      var buffer = new ArrayBuffer(2);
      var view = new Uint16Array(buffer);
      view[0] = chunk;
      var decoded = decoder.decode(view, { stream: true });
      var listItem = document.createElement('li');
      listItem.textContent = "Chunk decoded: " + decoded;
      list.appendChild(listItem);
      result += decoded;
      resolve();
    });
  },
  close() {
    var listItem = document.createElement('li');
    listItem.textContent = "[MESSAGE RECEIVED] " + result;
    list.appendChild(listItem);
  },
  abort(err) {
    console.log("Sink error:", err);
  }
}, queuingStrategy);

sendMessage("Hello, world.", writableStream);

You can find the full code in our Simple writer example.

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
Streams
The definition of 'WritableStreamDefaultWriter()' in that specification.
Living Standard Initial definition.

Browser compatibility

No compatibility data found. Please contribute data for "path.to.feature.NameOfTheConstructor" (depth: 1) to the MDN compatibility data repository.

Document Tags and Contributors

 Contributors to this page: chrisdavidmills
 Last updated by: chrisdavidmills,