TransformStream

The TransformStream interface of the Streams API represents a set of transformable data.

Constructor

TransformStream()
Creates and returns a transform stream object from the given handlers.

Properties

TransformStream.readable Read only
The readable end of a TransformStream.
TransformStream.writable Read only
The writable end of a TransformStream.

Methods

None

Examples

Anything-to-uint8array stream

In the following example, a transform stream passes through all chunks it receives as Uint8Array values.

const transformContent = {
  start() {}, // required.
  async transform(chunk, controller) {
    chunk = await chunk
    switch (typeof chunk) {
      case 'object':
        // just say the stream is done I guess
        if (chunk === null) controller.terminate()
        else if (ArrayBuffer.isView(chunk))
          controller.enqueue(new Uint8Array(chunk.buffer, chunk.byteOffset, chunk.byteLength))
        else if (Array.isArray(chunk) && chunk.every(value => typeof value === 'number'))
          controller.enqueue(new Uint8Array(chunk))
        else if ('function' === typeof chunk.valueOf && chunk.valueOf() !== chunk)
          this.transform(chunk.valueOf(), controller) // hack
        else if ('toJSON' in chunk) this.transform(JSON.stringify(chunk), controller)
        break
      case 'symbol':
        controller.error("Cannot send a symbol as a chunk part")
        break
      case 'undefined':
        controller.error("Cannot send undefined as a chunk part")
        break
      default:
        controller.enqueue(this.textencoder.encode(String(chunk)))
        break
  },
  flush() { /* do any destructor work here */ }
}

class AnyToU8Stream extends TransformStream {
  constructor() {
    super({...transformContent, textencoder: new TextEncoder()})
  }
}

Polyfilling TextEncoderStream and TextDecoderStream

Note that this is deprecated by the native constructors. This is intended as a polyfill for unsupported platforms.

const tes = {
  start(){this.encoder = new TextEncoder()},
  transform(chunk, controller) {
    controller.enqueue(this.encoder.encode(chunk))
  }
}

let _jstes_wm = new WeakMap(); /* info holder */
class JSTextEncoderStream extends TransformStream {
  constructor() {
    let t = {...tes}

    super(t)
    _jstes_wm.set(this, t)
  }
  get encoding() {return _jstes_wm.get(this).encoder.encoding}
}

Similarly, TextDecoderStream can be written as such:

const tds = {
  start(){
    this.decoder = new TextDecoder(this.encoding, this.options)
  },
  transform(chunk, controller) {
    controller.enqueue(this.decoder.decode(chunk, { stream: true }))
  }
}

let _jstds_wm = new WeakMap(); /* info holder */
class JSTextDecoderStream extends TransformStream {
  constructor(encoding = 'utf-8', {...options} = {}) {
    let t = {...tds, encoding, options}

    super(t)
    _jstds_wm.set(this, t)
  }
  get encoding() {return _jstds_wm.get(this).decoder.encoding}
  get fatal() {return _jstds_wm.get(this).decoder.fatal}
  get ignoreBOM() {return _jstds_wm.get(this).decoder.ignoreBOM}
}

Chaining multiple ReadableStreams together

This is a useful one, where multiple streams can be conjoined. Examples include building a PWA with progressive loading and progressive streaming.

let responses = [ /* conjoined response tree */ ]
let {readable, writable} = new TransformStream

responses.reduce(
  (a, res, i, arr) => a.then(() => res.pipeTo(writable, {preventClose: (i+1) !== arr.length})),
  Promise.resolve()
)

Note that this is not resilient to other influences.

Specifications

Specification
Streams Standard (Streams)
# ts-class

Browser compatibility

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See also