HTMLElement.dir property gets or sets the text
writing directionality of the content of the current element.
The text writing directionality of an element is which direction that text goes (for support of different language systems). Arabic languages and Hebrew are typical languages using the RTL directionality.
An image can have its
dir property set to "
rtl" in which case
the HTML attributes
alt will be formatted and
defined as "
When a table has its
dir set to "
rtl", the column order is
arranged from right to left.
When an element has its dir set to "
auto", the direction of the element is
determined based on its first strong directionality character, or default to the
directionality of its parent element.
Browsers might allow users to change the directionality of
<textarea>s in order to assist with authoring content. Chrome
and Safari provide a directionality option in the contextual menu of input fields
while Internet Explorer and Edge use the key combinations Ctrl +
Left Shift and Ctrl + Right Shift. Firefox uses
Ctrl/Cmd + Shift + X but does NOT update
dir attribute value.
var currentWritingDirection = elementNodeReference.dir; elementNodeReference.dir = newWritingDirection;
currentWritingDirectionis a string variable representing the text writing direction of the current element.
newWritingDirectionis a string variable representing the text writing direction value.
Possible values for
ltr, for left-to-right,
rtl, for right-to-left, and
auto for specifying that the
direction of the element must be determined based on the contents of the element.
var parg = document.getElementById("para1"); parg.dir = "rtl"; // change the text direction on a paragraph identified as "para1"
|HTML Standard (HTML)|
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