AudioBuffer.getChannelData()

The getChannelData() method of the AudioBuffer Interface returns a Float32Array containing the PCM data associated with the channel, defined by the channel parameter (with 0 representing the first channel).

Syntax

var myArrayBuffer = audioCtx.createBuffer(2, frameCount, audioCtx.sampleRate);
var nowBuffering = myArrayBuffer.getChannelData(channel);

Returns

A Float32Array.

Example

In the following example we create a two second buffer, fill it with white noise, and then play it via an AudioBufferSourceNode. The comments should clearly explain what is going on. You can also run the code live, or view the source.

var audioCtx = new (window.AudioContext || window.webkitAudioContext)();
var button = document.querySelector('button');
var pre = document.querySelector('pre');
var myScript = document.querySelector('script');

pre.innerHTML = myScript.innerHTML;

// Stereo
var channels = 2;
// Create an empty two second stereo buffer at the
// sample rate of the AudioContext
var frameCount = audioCtx.sampleRate * 2.0;

var myArrayBuffer = audioCtx.createBuffer(2, frameCount, audioCtx.sampleRate);

button.onclick = function() {
  // Fill the buffer with white noise;
  //just random values between -1.0 and 1.0
  for (var channel = 0; channel < channels; channel++) {
   // This gives us the actual ArrayBuffer that contains the data
   var nowBuffering = myArrayBuffer.getChannelData(channel);
   for (var i = 0; i < frameCount; i++) {
     // Math.random() is in [0; 1.0]
     // audio needs to be in [-1.0; 1.0]
     nowBuffering[i] = Math.random() * 2 - 1;
   }
  }

  // Get an AudioBufferSourceNode.
  // This is the AudioNode to use when we want to play an AudioBuffer
  var source = audioCtx.createBufferSource();
  // set the buffer in the AudioBufferSourceNode
  source.buffer = myArrayBuffer;
  // connect the AudioBufferSourceNode to the
  // destination so we can hear the sound
  source.connect(audioCtx.destination);
  // start the source playing
  source.start();
}

Parameters

channel
The channel property is an index representing the particular channel to get data for. An index value of 0 represents the first channel. If the channel index value is greater than of equal to AudioBuffer.numberOfChannels, an INDEX_SIZE_ERR exception will be thrown.

Specification

Specification Status Comment
Web Audio API
The definition of 'getChannelData' in that specification.
Working Draft  

Browser compatibility

Feature Chrome Edge Firefox (Gecko) Internet Explorer Opera Safari (WebKit)
Basic support 14 webkit (Yes) 23 No support 15 webkit
22 (unprefixed)
6 webkit
Feature Android Chrome Edge Firefox Mobile (Gecko) Firefox OS IE Phone Opera Mobile Safari Mobile
Basic support No support 28 webkit (Yes) 25 1.2 No support No support webkit

See also

Document Tags and Contributors

 Contributors to this page: erikadoyle, fscholz, chrisdavidmills
 Last updated by: erikadoyle,