AnalyserNode.getFloatTimeDomainData()

The getFloatTimeDomainData() method of the AnalyserNode Interface copies the current waveform, or time-domain, data into a Float32Array array passed into it.

If the array has fewer elements than the AnalyserNode.fftSize, excess elements are dropped. If it has more elements than needed, excess elements are ignored.

Syntax

var audioCtx = new AudioContext();
var analyser = audioCtx.createAnalyser();
var dataArray = new Float32Array(analyser.fftSize); // Float32Array needs to be the same length as the fftSize 
analyser.getFloatTimeDomainData(myDataArray); // fill the Float32Array with data returned from getFloatTimeDomainData() 

Returns

A Float32Array.

Example

The following example shows basic usage of an AudioContext to create an AnalyserNode, then requestAnimationFrame and <canvas> to collect time domain data repeatedly and draw an "oscilloscope style" output of the current audio input. For more complete applied examples/information, check out our Voice-change-O-matic-float-data demo (see the source code too).

var audioCtx = new (window.AudioContext || window.webkitAudioContext)();
var analyser = audioCtx.createAnalyser();

  ...

analyser.fftSize = 1024;
var bufferLength = analyser.fftSize;
console.log(bufferLength);
var dataArray = new Float32Array(bufferLength);

canvasCtx.clearRect(0, 0, WIDTH, HEIGHT);

function draw() {
  drawVisual = requestAnimationFrame(draw);
  analyser.getFloatTimeDomainData(dataArray);

  canvasCtx.fillStyle = 'rgb(200, 200, 200)';
  canvasCtx.fillRect(0, 0, WIDTH, HEIGHT);
  canvasCtx.lineWidth = 2;
  canvasCtx.strokeStyle = 'rgb(0, 0, 0)';
  canvasCtx.beginPath();

  var sliceWidth = WIDTH * 1.0 / bufferLength;
  var x = 0;

  for(var i = 0; i < bufferLength; i++) {
    var v = dataArray[i] * 200.0;
    var y = HEIGHT/2 + v;

    if(i === 0) {
      canvasCtx.moveTo(x, y);
    } else {
      canvasCtx.lineTo(x, y);
    }
    x += sliceWidth;
  }

  canvasCtx.lineTo(canvas.width, canvas.height/2);
  canvasCtx.stroke();
};

draw();

 

Parameters

array
The Float32Array that the time domain data will be copied to.

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
Web Audio API
The definition of 'getFloatTimeDomainData()' in that specification.
Working Draft  

Browser compatibility

Feature Chrome Edge Firefox (Gecko) Internet Explorer Opera Safari (WebKit)
Basic support 10.0webkit (Yes) 25.0 (25.0)  No support 15.0webkit
22 (unprefixed)
6.0webkit
Feature Android Edge Firefox Mobile (Gecko) Firefox OS IE Mobile Opera Mobile Safari Mobile Chrome for Android
Basic support ? (Yes) 26.0 1.2 ? ? ? 33.0

See also

Document Tags and Contributors

 Contributors to this page: erikadoyle, teoli, chrisdavidmills
 Last updated by: erikadoyle,