AnalyserNode.frequencyBinCount

The frequencyBinCount read-only property of the AnalyserNode interface is an unsigned integer half that of the AnalyserNode.fftSize. This generally equates to the number of data values you will have to play with for the visualization.

Syntax

var arrayLength = analyserNode.frequencyBinCount;

Value

An unsigned integer, equal to the number of values that AnalyserNode.getByteFrequencyData() and AnalyserNode.getFloatFrequencyData() copy into the provided TypedArray.

For technical reasons related to how the Fast Fourier transform is defined, it is always half the value of AnalyserNode.fftSize. Therefore, it will be one of 16, 32, 64, 128, 256, 512, 1024, 2048, 4096, 8192, and 16384.

Example

The following example shows basic usage of an AudioContext to create an AnalyserNode, then requestAnimationFrame and <canvas> to collect frequency data repeatedly and draw a "winamp bargraph style" output of the current audio input. For more complete applied examples/information, check out our Voice-change-O-matic demo (see app.js lines 128–205 for relevant code).

var audioCtx = new (window.AudioContext || window.webkitAudioContext)();
var analyser = audioCtx.createAnalyser();
analyser.minDecibels = -90;
analyser.maxDecibels = -10;

  ...

analyser.fftSize = 256;
var bufferLength = analyser.frequencyBinCount;
console.log(bufferLength);
var dataArray = new Uint8Array(bufferLength);

canvasCtx.clearRect(0, 0, WIDTH, HEIGHT);

function draw() {
  drawVisual = requestAnimationFrame(draw);

  analyser.getByteFrequencyData(dataArray);

  canvasCtx.fillStyle = 'rgb(0, 0, 0)';
  canvasCtx.fillRect(0, 0, WIDTH, HEIGHT);

  var barWidth = (WIDTH / bufferLength) * 2.5 - 1;
  var barHeight;
  var x = 0;

  for(var i = 0; i < bufferLength; i++) {
    barHeight = dataArray[i];

    canvasCtx.fillStyle = 'rgb(' + (barHeight+100) + ',50,50)';
    canvasCtx.fillRect(x,HEIGHT-barHeight/2,barWidth,barHeight/2);

    x += barWidth;
  }
};

draw();

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
Web Audio API
The definition of 'frequencyBinCount' in that specification.
Working Draft  

Browser compatibility

FeatureChromeEdgeFirefoxInternet ExplorerOperaSafari
Basic support141225 No156
FeatureAndroid webviewChrome for AndroidEdge mobileFirefox for AndroidOpera AndroidiOS SafariSamsung Internet
Basic support Yes14 Yes2615 ? Yes

See also

Document Tags and Contributors

Contributors to this page: Jedipedia, fscholz, klachhani, erikadoyle, teoli, chrisdavidmills
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