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Interagissez avec le système de tabulation du navigateur.

Vous pouvez utiliser cette API pour obtenir une liste des onglets ouverts, filtrés par différents critères, et ouvrir, mettre à jour, déplacer, recharger et supprimer des onglets. Vous ne pouvez pas accéder directement au contenu hébergé par les onglets à l'aide de cette API, mais vous pouvez insérer JavaScript et CSS dans des onglets en utilisant les API  tabs.executeScript() ou tabs.insertCSS().

Vous pouvez utiliser la plupart de cette API sans aucune autorisation spéciale. Toutefois:

Alternativement, vous pouvez obtenir ces autorisations temporairement, uniquement pour l'onglet courrant actif et uniquement en réponse à une action explicite de l'utilisateur, en demandant la permission "activeTab".

Types

tabs.MutedInfoReason
Spécifie la raison pour laquelle un onglet a été désactivé ou non.
tabs.MutedInfo
Cet objet contient un booléen indiquant si l'onglet est coupé et la raison de la dernière modification de l'état.
tabs.Tab
Ce type contient des informations sur un onglet.
tabs.TabStatus
Indique si l'onglet a fini de charger.
tabs.WindowType
Le type de fenêtre qui héberge cet onglet.
tabs.ZoomSettingsMode
Définit si les modifications de zoom sont traitées par le navigateur, par l'extension ou sont désactivées.
tabs.ZoomSettingsScope
Définit si les modifications de zoom persisteront pour la page de l'origine ou ne prendront effet que dans cet onglet.
tabs.ZoomSettings
Définit les configurations de zoom mode, scope, et facteur de zoom par défaut.

Propriétés

tabs.TAB_ID_NONE
Une valeur d'ID spéciale donnée aux onglets qui ne sont pas les onglets du navigateur (par exemple, les onglets dans les fenêtres devtools).

Fonctions

tabs.connect()
Sets up a messaging connection between the add-on's background scripts (or other privileged scripts, such as popup scripts or options page scripts) and any content scripts running in the specified tab.
tabs.create()
Creates a new tab.
tabs.captureVisibleTab()
Creates a data URI encoding an image of the visible area of the currently active tab in the specified window.
tabs.detectLanguage()
Detects the primary language of the content in a tab.
tabs.duplicate()
Duplicates a tab.
tabs.executeScript()
Injects JavaScript code into a page.
tabs.get()
Retrieves details about the specified tab.
tabs.getAllInWindow()
Gets details about all tabs in the specified window.
tabs.getCurrent()
Gets information about the tab that this script is running in, as a tabs.Tab object.
tabs.getSelected()
Gets the tab that is selected in the specified window.
tabs.getZoom()
Gets the current zoom factor of the specified tab.
tabs.getZoomSettings()
Gets the current zoom settings for the specified tab.
tabs.highlight()
Highlights one or more tabs.
tabs.insertCSS()
Injects CSS into a page.
tabs.removeCSS()
Removes from a page CSS which was previously injected by calling tabs.insertCSS().
tabs.move()
Moves one or more tabs to a new position in the same window or to a different window.
tabs.query()
Gets all tabs that have the specified properties, or all tabs if no properties are specified.
tabs.reload()
Reload a tab, optionally bypassing the local web cache.
tabs.remove()
Closes one or more tabs.
tabs.sendMessage()
Sends a single message to the content script(s) in the specified tab.
tabs.sendRequest()
Sends a single request to the content script(s) in the specified tab. Deprecated: use tabs.sendMessage() instead.
tabs.setZoom()
Zooms the specified tab.
tabs.setZoomSettings()
Sets the zoom settings for the specified tab.
tabs.update()
Navigate the tab to a new URL, or modify other properties of the tab.

Events

tabs.onActivated
Fires when the active tab in a window changes. Note that the tab's URL may not be set at the time this event fired.
tabs.onActiveChanged
Fires when the selected tab in a window changes. Deprecated: use tabs.onActivated instead.
tabs.onAttached
Fired when a tab is attached to a window, for example because it was moved between windows.
tabs.onCreated
Fired when a tab is created. Note that the tab's URL may not be set at the time this event fired.
tabs.onDetached
Fired when a tab is detached from a window, for example because it is being moved between windows.
tabs.onHighlightChanged
Fired when the highlighted or selected tabs in a window change. Deprecated: use tabs.onHighlighted instead.
tabs.onHighlighted
Fired when the highlighted or selected tabs in a window change.
tabs.onMoved
Fired when a tab is moved within a window.
tabs.onRemoved
Fired when a tab is closed.
tabs.onReplaced
Fired when a tab is replaced with another tab due to prerendering.
tabs.onSelectionChanged
Fires when the selected tab in a window changes. Deprecated: use tabs.onActivated instead.
tabs.onUpdated
Fired when a tab is updated.
tabs.onZoomChange
Fired when a tab is zoomed.

Browser compatibility

Chrome Edge Firefox Firefox for Android Opera
MutedInfo Yes No 47.0 No 33
MutedInfoReason Yes No 47.0 No 33
TAB_ID_NONE Yes Yes 45.0 54 33
Tab Yes * Yes * 45.0 * 54 * 33 *
TabStatus Yes Yes 45.0 54 33
WindowType Yes Yes 45.0 54 33
ZoomSettings Yes No 45.0 No 33
ZoomSettingsMode Yes No 45.0 No 33
ZoomSettingsScope Yes No 45.0 No 33
captureVisibleTab Yes No 47.0 54 33
connect Yes No 45.0 54 33
create Yes * Yes * 45.0 * 54 * 33 *
detectLanguage Yes Yes 45.0 No 33
duplicate Yes No 47.0 54 33
executeScript Yes Yes 43.0 * 54 * 33
get Yes Yes 45.0 54 33
getAllInWindow Yes No 45.0 54 No
getCurrent Yes Yes 45.0 54 33
getSelected Yes No No No No
getZoom Yes No 45.0 No 33
getZoomSettings Yes No 45.0 No 33
highlight Yes No No No No
insertCSS Yes * Yes * 47.0 * 54 * 33 *
move Yes No 46.0 No 33
onActivated Yes Yes 45.0 54 33
onActiveChanged Yes No No No No
onAttached Yes No 45.0 54 33
onCreated Yes Yes 45.0 54 33
onDetached Yes No 45.0 54 33
onHighlightChanged Yes No No No No
onHighlighted Yes No 45.0 54 No
onMoved Yes No 45.0 No 33
onRemoved Yes Yes 45.0 54 33
onReplaced Yes No 45.0 * 54 * 33
onSelectionChanged Yes No No No No
onUpdated Yes Yes 45.0 * 54 33
onZoomChange Yes No 45.0 No 33
query Yes * Yes * 45.0 * 54 * 33 *
reload Yes No 45.0 54 33
remove Yes Yes 45.0 54 33
removeCSS No No 49.0 * 54 No
sendMessage Yes Yes 45.0 54 33
sendRequest Yes No No No No
setZoom Yes No 45.0 No 33
setZoomSettings Yes No 45.0 No 33
update Yes Yes * 45.0 * 54 * 33

Edge incompatibilities

Promises are not supported in Edge. Use callbacks instead.

Chrome incompatibilities

tabs

  • In Firefox, relative URLs passed into tabs.executeScript() or tabs.insertCSS() are resolved relative to the current page URL. In Chrome, these URLs are resolved relative to the add-on's base URL. To work cross-browser, you can specify the path as an absolute URL, starting at the add-on's root, like this:

    /path/to/script.js
  • In Firefox, querying tabs by URL with tabs.query() requires "tabs" permission. In Chrome, it's possible without the "tabs" permission but will limit results to tabs whose URLs match host permissions.

Example add-ons

Acknowledgements

This API is based on Chromium's chrome.tabs API. This documentation is derived from tabs.json in the Chromium code.

Microsoft Edge compatibility data is supplied by Microsoft Corporation and is included here under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 United States License.

Étiquettes et contributeurs liés au document

 Contributeurs à cette page : hellosct1, Sheppy
 Dernière mise à jour par : hellosct1,