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This is an experimental technology
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The padStart() method pads the current string with another string (repeated, if needed) so that the resulting string reaches the given length. The padding is applied from the start (left) of the current string.

Syntax

str.padStart(targetLength [, padString])

Parameters

targetLength
The length of the resulting string once the current string has been padded. If the value is lower than the current string's length, the current string will be returned as is.
padString Optional
The string to pad the current string with. If this string is too long to stay within the target length, it will be truncated and the left-most part will be applied. The default value for this parameter is " " (U+0020).

Return value

A String of the specified length with the pad string applied from the start.

Examples

'abc'.padStart(10);         // "       abc"
'abc'.padStart(10, "foo");  // "foofoofabc"
'abc'.padStart(6,"123465"); // "123abc"
'abc'.padStart(8, "0");     // "00000abc"
'abc'.padStart(1);          // "abc"

Polyfill

Running the following code before any other code will create String.prototype.padStart() if it's not natively available.

// https://github.com/uxitten/polyfill/blob/master/string.polyfill.js
// https://developer.mozilla.org/en-US/docs/Web/JavaScript/Reference/Global_Objects/String/padStart
if (!String.prototype.padStart) {
    String.prototype.padStart = function padStart(targetLength,padString) {
        targetLength = targetLength>>0; //floor if number or convert non-number to 0;
        padString = String(padString || ' ');
        if (this.length > targetLength) {
            return String(this);
        }
        else {
            targetLength = targetLength-this.length;
            if (targetLength > padString.length) {
                padString += padString.repeat(targetLength/padString.length); //append to original to ensure we are longer than needed
            }
            return padString.slice(0,targetLength) + String(this);
        }
    };
}

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
ECMAScript Latest Draft (ECMA-262)
The definition of 'String.prototype.padStart' in that specification.
Draft Initial definition in ECMAScript 2017.

Browser compatibility

Feature Chrome Edge Firefox (Gecko) Internet Explorer Opera Safari
Basic support 57  15 48 (48) No support 44 10
Feature Android Chrome for Android Firefox Mobile (Gecko) IE Mobile Opera Mobile Safari Mobile
Basic support ? 57 48.0 (48) ? ? 10

See also

Document Tags and Contributors

 Last updated by: regiskuckaertz,