The static String.fromCodePoint() method returns a string created by using the specified sequence of code points.


String.fromCodePoint(num1, num2)
String.fromCodePoint(num1, num2, ..., numN)


num1, ..., numN
A sequence of code points.

Return value

A string created by using the specified sequence of code points.


  • A RangeError is thrown if an invalid Unicode code point is given (e.g. "RangeError: NaN is not a valid code point").


This method returns a string (and not a String object).

Because fromCodePoint() is a static method of String, you must call it as String.fromCodePoint(), rather than as a method of a String object you created.


The String.fromCodePoint() method has been added to ECMAScript 2015 and may not be supported in all web browsers or environments yet.

Use the code below for a polyfill:

if (!String.fromCodePoint) (function(stringFromCharCode) {
    var fromCodePoint = function(_) {
      var codeUnits = [], codeLen = 0, result = "";
      for (var index=0, len = arguments.length; index !== len; ++index) {
        var codePoint = +arguments[index];
        // correctly handles all cases including `NaN`, `-Infinity`, `+Infinity`
        // The surrounding `!(...)` is required to correctly handle `NaN` cases
        // The (codePoint>>>0) === codePoint clause handles decimals and negatives
        if (!(codePoint < 0x10FFFF && (codePoint>>>0) === codePoint))
          throw RangeError("Invalid code point: " + codePoint);
        if (codePoint <= 0xFFFF) { // BMP code point
          codeLen = codeUnits.push(codePoint);
        } else { // Astral code point; split in surrogate halves
          codePoint -= 0x10000;
          codeLen = codeUnits.push(
            (codePoint >> 10) + 0xD800,  // highSurrogate
            (codePoint % 0x400) + 0xDC00 // lowSurrogate
        if (codeLen >= 0x3fff) {
          result += stringFromCharCode.apply(null, codeUnits);
          codeUnits.length = 0;
      return result + stringFromCharCode.apply(null, codeUnits);
    try { // IE 8 only supports `Object.defineProperty` on DOM elements
      Object.defineProperty(String, "fromCodePoint", {
        "value": fromCodePoint, "configurable": true, "writable": true
    } catch(e) {
      String.fromCodePoint = fromCodePoint;


Using fromCodePoint()

Valid input:

String.fromCodePoint(42);       // "*"
String.fromCodePoint(65, 90);   // "AZ"
String.fromCodePoint(0x404);    // "\u0404" == "Є"
String.fromCodePoint(0x2F804);  // "\uD87E\uDC04"
String.fromCodePoint(194564);   // "\uD87E\uDC04"
String.fromCodePoint(0x1D306, 0x61, 0x1D307); // "\uD834\uDF06a\uD834\uDF07"

Invalid input:

String.fromCodePoint('_');      // RangeError
String.fromCodePoint(Infinity); // RangeError
String.fromCodePoint(-1);       // RangeError
String.fromCodePoint(3.14);     // RangeError
String.fromCodePoint(3e-2);     // RangeError
String.fromCodePoint(NaN);      // RangeError

Compared to fromCharCode()

String.fromCharCode() cannot return supplementary characters (i.e. code points 0x0100000x10FFFF) by specifying their code point. Instead, it requires the UTF-16 surrogate pair in order to return a supplementary character:

String.fromCharCode(0xD83C, 0xDF03); // Code Point U+1F303 "Night with
String.fromCharCode(55356, 57091);   // Stars" == "\uD83C\uDF03"

String.fromCodePoint(), on the other hand, can return 4-byte supplementary characters, as well as the more common 2-byte BMP characters, by specifying their code point (which is equivalent to the UTF-32 code unit):

String.fromCodePoint(0x1F303); // or 127747 in decimal


ECMAScript Language Specification (ECMAScript)

Browser compatibility

BCD tables only load in the browser

See also