The repeat() method constructs and returns a new string which contains the specified number of copies of the string on which it was called, concatenated together.

Syntax

str.repeat(count);

Parameters

count
An integer between 0 and +∞: [0, +∞), indicating the number of times to repeat the string in the newly-created string that is to be returned.

Return value

A new string containing the specified number of copies of the given string.

Exceptions

  • RangeError: repeat count must be non-negative.
  • RangeError: repeat count must be less than infinity and not overflow maximum string size.

Examples

'abc'.repeat(-1);   // RangeError
'abc'.repeat(0);    // ''
'abc'.repeat(1);    // 'abc'
'abc'.repeat(2);    // 'abcabc'
'abc'.repeat(3.5);  // 'abcabcabc' (count will be converted to integer)
'abc'.repeat(1/0);  // RangeError

({ toString: () => 'abc', repeat: String.prototype.repeat }).repeat(2);
// 'abcabc' (repeat() is a generic method)

Polyfill

This method has been added to the ECMAScript 2015 specification and may not be available in all JavaScript implementations yet. However, you can polyfill String.prototype.repeat() with the following snippet:

if (!String.prototype.repeat) {
  String.prototype.repeat = function(count) {
    'use strict';
    if (this == null) {
      throw new TypeError('can\'t convert ' + this + ' to object');
    }
    var str = '' + this;
    count = +count;
    if (count != count) {
      count = 0;
    }
    if (count < 0) {
      throw new RangeError('repeat count must be non-negative');
    }
    if (count == Infinity) {
      throw new RangeError('repeat count must be less than infinity');
    }
    count = Math.floor(count);
    if (str.length == 0 || count == 0) {
      return '';
    }
    // Ensuring count is a 31-bit integer allows us to heavily optimize the
    // main part. But anyway, most current (August 2014) browsers can't handle
    // strings 1 << 28 chars or longer, so:
    if (str.length * count >= 1 << 28) {
      throw new RangeError('repeat count must not overflow maximum string size');
    }
    var maxCount = str.length * count;
    count = Math.floor(Math.log(count) / Math.log(2));
    while (count) {
       str += str;
       count--;
    }
    str += str.substring(0, maxCount - str.length);
    return str;
  }
}

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
ECMAScript 2015 (6th Edition, ECMA-262)
The definition of 'String.prototype.repeat' in that specification.
Standard Initial definition.
ECMAScript Latest Draft (ECMA-262)
The definition of 'String.prototype.repeat' in that specification.
Draft  

Browser compatibility

Update compatibility data on GitHub
DesktopMobileServer
ChromeEdgeFirefoxInternet ExplorerOperaSafariAndroid webviewChrome for AndroidEdge MobileFirefox for AndroidOpera for AndroidiOS SafariSamsung InternetNode.js
Basic supportChrome Full support 41Edge Full support YesFirefox Full support 24IE No support NoOpera Full support YesSafari Full support 9WebView Android No support NoChrome Android Full support 36Edge Mobile Full support YesFirefox Android Full support 24Opera Android Full support YesSafari iOS Full support 9Samsung Internet Android Full support Yesnodejs Full support 4.0.0
Full support 4.0.0
Full support 0.12
Disabled
Disabled From version 0.12: this feature is behind the --harmony runtime flag.

Legend

Full support  
Full support
No support  
No support
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