The repeat() method constructs and returns a new string which contains the specified number of copies of the string on which it was called, concatenated together.

Syntax

str.repeat(count);

Parameters

count
An integer between 0 and +∞: [0, +∞), indicating the number of times to repeat the string in the newly-created string that is to be returned.

Return value

A new string containing the specified number of copies of the given string.

Exceptions

  • RangeError: repeat count must be non-negative.
  • RangeError: repeat count must be less than infinity and not overflow maximum string size.

Examples

'abc'.repeat(-1);   // RangeError
'abc'.repeat(0);    // ''
'abc'.repeat(1);    // 'abc'
'abc'.repeat(2);    // 'abcabc'
'abc'.repeat(3.5);  // 'abcabcabc' (count will be converted to integer)
'abc'.repeat(1/0);  // RangeError

({ toString: () => 'abc', repeat: String.prototype.repeat }).repeat(2);
// 'abcabc' (repeat() is a generic method)

Polyfill

This method has been added to the ECMAScript 2015 specification and may not be available in all JavaScript implementations yet. However, you can polyfill String.prototype.repeat() with the following snippet:

if (!String.prototype.repeat) {
  String.prototype.repeat = function(count) {
    'use strict';
    if (this == null) {
      throw new TypeError('can\'t convert ' + this + ' to object');
    }
    var str = '' + this;
    count = +count;
    if (count != count) {
      count = 0;
    }
    if (count < 0) {
      throw new RangeError('repeat count must be non-negative');
    }
    if (count == Infinity) {
      throw new RangeError('repeat count must be less than infinity');
    }
    count = Math.floor(count);
    if (str.length == 0 || count == 0) {
      return '';
    }
    // Ensuring count is a 31-bit integer allows us to heavily optimize the
    // main part. But anyway, most current (August 2014) browsers can't handle
    // strings 1 << 28 chars or longer, so:
    if (str.length * count >= 1 << 28) {
      throw new RangeError('repeat count must not overflow maximum string size');
    }
    var rpt = '';
    for (var i = 0; i < count; i++) {
      rpt += str;
    }
    return rpt;
  }
}

Polyfill ES5

//#es5
'use strict';
(function(win){
 var typeOf=(function(w){var f=function f(x){return typeof(x)},o=w.Symbol,p;if(o && typeof(o)==='function' && typeof(o.iterator)==='symbol'){p=o.prototype;f=function(x){return x && x.constructor===o && x!==p?'symbol':typeof x}};return f})(win),
 exist=function(o,p,t){return p in o && typeOf(o[p])===t};
 (function(w){
    var o=w.String.prototype;
    if(!exist(o,'repeat','function')){o.repeat=(function(A,E){return function(n){var i=n>>0,s=this,l=s.length,j;if(i===0||l<1){s=''}else{j=268435456;if(i<0||i>=j||i*l>j){throw new RE('Invalidcountvalue')}else if(i>0){s=A(++i).join(s)}};return s}})(w.Array,w.RangeError)};
 })(win);
})(window);

//test:
console.clear();
console.log(
'abc'.repeat(false),//''
'abc'.repeat({}),//''
'abc'.repeat([]),//''
'abc'.repeat(['']),//''
'abc'.repeat([0]),//''
'abc'.repeat([0,1]),//''
'abc'.repeat([1,1]),//''
'abc'.repeat(0),//''
'abc'.repeat(.6),//''
'abc'.repeat(true),//'abc'
'abc'.repeat(1),//'abc'
'abc'.repeat(2),//'abcabc'
'abc'.repeat([2]),//'abcabc'
'abc'.repeat(3.5),//'abcabcabc'
''.repeat(2)//''
);
console.log(
'abc'.repeat(-Infinity),//RangeError: Invalid count value
'abc'.repeat(Infinity),//RangeError: Invalid count value
'abc'.repeat(1/0),//RangeError: Invalid count value
'abc'.repeat(-1)//RangeError: Invalid count value
);

/*
es5 src:
'use strict';
(function(win){

 var typeOf=(function(w){var f=function f(x){return typeof(x)},o=w.Symbol,p;if(o && typeof(o)==='function' && typeof(o.iterator)==='symbol'){p=o.prototype;f=function(x){return x && x.constructor===o && x!==p?'symbol':typeof x}};return f})(win),
 exist=function(o,p,t){return p in o && typeOf(o[p])===t};

 (function(w){
    var o=w.String.prototype;
    if(!exist(o,'repeat','function')){
        o.repeat=(function(A,E){
            return function(n){
                var i=n>>0,s=this,l=s.length,j;
                if(i===0||l<1){s=''}else{
                    j=268435456;
                    if(i<0||i>=j||i*l>j){throw new RE('Invalidcountvalue')}else if(i>0){s=A(++i).join(s)}
                };
                return s
            };
        })(w.Array,w.RangeError);
    };
    //..
 })(win);

})(window);
*/

Polyfill ES6

//#es6

(w=>{

    const typeOf=(o=>{let f=x=>typeof x;if(o && 'function'===typeof o){const s='symbol';if(s===typeof o.iterator){const p=o.prototype;f=x=>x && x.constructor===o && x!==p?s:typeof x}};return f})(w.Symbol),

    exist=(o,p,t)=>p in o && typeOf(o[p])===t;

    (o=>{

        if(!exist(o,'repeat','function')){const A=w.Array,E=w.RangeError;o.repeat=function(n){var i=n>>0,s='';if(i!==0){let t=this;const l=t.length;if(l!==0){if(i<0||i>=(t=268435456)||i*l>t){throw new E('Invalid count value')}else if(i>0){s=A(++i).join(t)}}};return s}};

    })(w.String.prototype);

})(window);

/*

es6 src:

(w=>{

    const typeOf=(o=>{let f=x=>typeof x;if(o && 'function'===typeof o){const s='symbol';if(s===typeof o.iterator){const p=o.prototype;f=x=>x && x.constructor===o && x!==p?s:typeof x}};return f})(w.Symbol),

    exist=(o,p,t)=>p in o && typeOf(o[p])===t;


    (o=>{

        if(!exist(o,'repeat','function')){

            const A=w.Array;

            o.repeat=function(n){var i=n>>0,s='';if(i!==0){let t=this;const l=t.length;if(l!==0){if(i<0||i>=(t=268435456)||i*l>t){throw new RangeError('Invalid count value')}else if(i>0){s=A(++i).join(t)}}};return s};

        };

        //..

    })(w.String.prototype);


})(window);

*/


//test:

console.clear();

console.log(

'abc'.repeat(false),//''

'abc'.repeat({}),//''

'abc'.repeat([]),//''

'abc'.repeat(['']),//''

'abc'.repeat([0]),//''

'abc'.repeat([0,1]),//''

'abc'.repeat([1,1]),//''

'abc'.repeat(0),//''

'abc'.repeat(.6),//''

'abc'.repeat(true),//'abc'

'abc'.repeat(1),//'abc'

'abc'.repeat(2),//'abcabc'

'abc'.repeat([2]),//'abcabc'

'abc'.repeat(3.5),//'abcabcabc'

''.repeat(2)//''

);

console.log(

'abc'.repeat(-Infinity),//RangeError: Invalid count value

'abc'.repeat(Infinity),//RangeError: Invalid count value

'abc'.repeat(1/0),//RangeError: Invalid count value

'abc'.repeat(-1)//RangeError: Invalid count value

);

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
ECMAScript 2015 (6th Edition, ECMA-262)
The definition of 'String.prototype.repeat' in that specification.
Standard Initial definition.
ECMAScript Latest Draft (ECMA-262)
The definition of 'String.prototype.repeat' in that specification.
Draft  

Browser compatibility

FeatureChromeEdgeFirefoxInternet ExplorerOperaSafari
Basic support41 Yes24 No Yes9
FeatureAndroid webviewChrome for AndroidEdge mobileFirefox for AndroidOpera AndroidiOS SafariSamsung Internet
Basic support No36 Yes24 Yes9 Yes