HIDDevice

Secure context: This feature is available only in secure contexts (HTTPS), in some or all supporting browsers.

Experimental: This is an experimental technology
Check the Browser compatibility table carefully before using this in production.

The HIDDevice interface of the WebHID API represents a HID Device. It provides properties for accessing information about the device, methods for opening and closing the connection, and the sending and receiving of reports.

EventTarget HIDDevice

Properties

This interface also inherits properties from EventTarget.

HIDDevice.opened Read only Experimental

Returns a boolean, true if the device has an open connection.

HIDDevice.vendorId Read only Experimental

Returns the vendorId of the HID device.

HIDDevice.productId Read only Experimental

Returns the productID of the HID device.

HIDDevice.productName Read only Experimental

Returns a string containing the product name of the HID device.

HIDDevice.collections Read only Experimental

Returns an array of report formats for the HID device.

Events

inputreport Experimental

Fires when a report is sent from the device.

Methods

This interface also inherits methods from EventTarget.

HIDDevice.open() Experimental

Opens a connection to this HID device, and returns a Promise which resolves once the connection has been successful.

HIDDevice.close() Experimental

Closes the connection to this HID device, and returns a Promise which resolves once the connection has been closed.

HIDDevice.sendReport() Experimental

Sends an output report to this HID Device, and returns a Promise which resolves once the report has been sent.

HIDDevice.sendFeatureReport() Experimental

Sends a feature report to this HID device, and returns a Promise which resolves once the report has been sent.

HIDDevice.receiveFeatureReport() Experimental

Receives a feature report from this HID device in the form of a Promise which resolves with a DataView. This allows typed access to the contents of this message.

Examples

The following example demonstrates listening for an inputreport event that will allow the application to detect which button is pressed on a Joy-Con Right device.

device.addEventListener("inputreport", (event) => {
  const { data, device, reportId } = event;

  // Handle only the Joy-Con Right device and a specific report ID.
  if (device.productId !== 0x2007 && reportId !== 0x3f) return;

  const value = data.getUint8(0);
  if (value === 0) return;

  const someButtons = { 1: "A", 2: "X", 4: "B", 8: "Y" };
  console.log(`User pressed button ${someButtons[value]}.`);
});

In the following example sendFeatureReport is used to make a device blink.

const reportId = 1;
for (let i = 0; i < 10; i++) {
  // Turn off
  await device.sendFeatureReport(reportId, Uint32Array.from([0, 0]));
  await waitFor(100);
  // Turn on
  await device.sendFeatureReport(reportId, Uint32Array.from([512, 0]));
  await waitFor(100);
}

You can see more examples, and live demos in the article Connecting to uncommon HID devices.

Specifications

Specification
WebHID API
# dom-hiddevice

Browser compatibility

BCD tables only load in the browser