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The Array.of() method creates a new Array instance with a variable number of arguments, regardless of number or type of the arguments.

The difference between Array.of() and the Array constructor is in the handling of integer arguments: Array.of(7) creates an array with a single element, 7, whereas Array(7) creates an empty array with a length property of 7 (Note: this implies an array of 7 empty slots, not slots with actual undefined values).

Array.of(7);       // [7] 
Array.of(1, 2, 3); // [1, 2, 3]

Array(7);          // [ , , , , , , ]
Array(1, 2, 3);    // [1, 2, 3]

Syntax

Array.of(element0[, element1[, ...[, elementN]]])

Parameters

elementN
Elements of which to create the array.

Return value

A new Array instance.

Description

This function is part of the ECMAScript 2015 standard. For more information see Array.of and Array.from proposal and Array.of polyfill.

Examples

Array.of(1);         // [1]
Array.of(1, 2, 3);   // [1, 2, 3]
Array.of(undefined); // [undefined]

Polyfill

Running the following code before any other code will create Array.of() if it's not natively available.

if (!Array.of) {
  Array.of = function() {
    return Array.prototype.slice.call(arguments);
  };
}

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
ECMAScript 2015 (6th Edition, ECMA-262)
The definition of 'Array.of' in that specification.
Standard Initial definition.
ECMAScript Latest Draft (ECMA-262)
The definition of 'Array.of' in that specification.
Living Standard  

Browser compatibility

FeatureChromeEdgeFirefoxInternet ExplorerOperaSafari
Basic support45 Yes25 No Yes9
FeatureAndroid webviewChrome for AndroidEdge mobileFirefox for AndroidIE mobileOpera AndroidiOS Safari
Basic support Yes39 Yes25 No Yes Yes

See also

Document Tags and Contributors

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