この翻訳は不完全です。英語から この記事を翻訳 してください。

このモジュールは拡張機能と、それを実行する環境についての情報を提供します。

またメッセージ API も提供し、それでは次のことができます:

  • 拡張機能の別々の部分同士で通信する
  • 他の拡張機能と通信する
  • ネイティブアプリケーションと通信する

runtime.Port
Represents one end of a connection between two specific contexts, which can be used to exchange messages.
runtime.MessageSender

Contains information about the sender of a message or connection request.

runtime.PlatformOs
Identifies the browser's operating system.
runtime.PlatformArch
Identifies the browser's processor architecture.
runtime.PlatformInfo
Contains information about the platform the browser is running on.
runtime.RequestUpdateCheckStatus
Result of a call to runtime.requestUpdateCheck().
runtime.OnInstalledReason
The reason that the runtime.onInstalled event is being dispatched.
runtime.OnRestartRequiredReason
The reason that the runtime.onRestartRequired event is being dispatched.

プロパティ

runtime.lastError
This value is set when an asynchronous function has an error condition that it needs to report to its caller.
runtime.id
The ID of the extension.

関数

runtime.getBackgroundPage()
Retrieves the Window object for the background page running inside the current extension.
runtime.openOptionsPage()

Opens your extension's options page.

runtime.getManifest()
Gets the complete manifest.json file, serialized as an object.
runtime.getURL()
Given a relative path from the manifest.json to a resource packaged with the extension, returns a fully-qualified URL.
runtime.setUninstallURL()
Sets a URL to be visited when the extension is uninstalled.
runtime.reload()
Reloads the extension.
runtime.requestUpdateCheck()
Checks for updates to this extension.
runtime.connect()
Establishes a connection from a content script to the main extension process, or from one extension to a different extension.
runtime.connectNative()
Connects the extension to a native application on the user's computer.
runtime.sendMessage()
Sends a single message to event listeners within your extension or a different extension. Similar to runtime.connect but only sends a single message, with an optional response.
runtime.sendNativeMessage()
Sends a single message from an extension to a native application.
runtime.getPlatformInfo()
Returns information about the current platform.
runtime.getBrowserInfo()
Returns information about the browser in which this extension is installed.
runtime.getPackageDirectoryEntry()
Returns a DirectoryEntry for the package directory.

イベント

runtime.onStartup
Fired when a profile that has this extension installed first starts up. This event is not fired when an incognito profile is started.
runtime.onInstalled
Fired when the extension is first installed, when the extension is updated to a new version, and when the browser is updated to a new version.
runtime.onSuspend
Sent to the event page just before the extension is unloaded. This gives the extension an opportunity to do some cleanup.
runtime.onSuspendCanceled
Sent after runtime.onSuspend to indicate that the extension won't be unloaded after all.
runtime.onUpdateAvailable
Fired when an update is available, but isn't installed immediately because the extension is currently running.
runtime.onBrowserUpdateAvailable
Fired when an update for the browser is available, but isn't installed immediately because a browser restart is required.
runtime.onConnect
Fired when a connection is made with either an extension process or a content script.
runtime.onConnectExternal
Fired when a connection is made with another extension.
runtime.onMessage
Fired when a message is sent from either an extension process or a content script.
runtime.onMessageExternal
Fired when a message is sent from another extension. Cannot be used in a content script.
runtime.onRestartRequired
Fired when the device needs to be restarted.

ブラウザ実装状況

ChromeEdgeFirefoxFirefox for AndroidOpera
MessageSender26 有り45 *48 *15
OnInstalledReason 有り * 有り *4548 有り *
OnRestartRequiredReason 有り 無し4548 有り
PlatformArch 有り 無し4548 有り
PlatformInfo 有り 無し4548 有り
PlatformNaclArch 有り 無し4548 有り
PlatformOs 有り 無し4548 有り
Port2615454815
RequestUpdateCheckStatus 有り 無し 無し 無し 有り
connect26 有り454815
connectNative291550 無し16
getBackgroundPage22 有り45 *48 *15
getBrowserInfo 無し 無し5151 無し
getManifest22 有り454815
getPackageDirectoryEntry29 無し 無し 無し16
getPlatformInfo29 無し454816
getURL22 有り454815
id22 有り454815
lastError 有り * 有り4748 有り *
onBrowserUpdateAvailable27 無し 無し 無し15
onConnect26 有り454815
onConnectExternal26 無し545415
onInstalled22 有り52 *52 *15
onMessage26 有り454815
onMessageExternal26 無し545415
onRestartRequired29 無し 無し 無し16
onStartup23 無し525215
onSuspend22 無し 無し 無し15
onSuspendCanceled22 無し 無し 無し15
onUpdateAvailable25 無し515115
openOptionsPage42 無し485729
reload2515515115
requestUpdateCheck25 無し 無し 無し15
sendMessage26 有り *454815
sendNativeMessage291550 無し16
setUninstallURL4115474828
Acknowledgements

This API is based on Chromium's chrome.runtime API. This documentation is derived from runtime.json in the Chromium code.

Microsoft Edge compatibility data is supplied by Microsoft Corporation and is included here under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 United States License.

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このページの貢献者: Uemmra3
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