Object.entries()方法返回一个给定对象自身可枚举属性的键值对数组,其排列与使用 for...in 循环遍历该对象时返回的顺序一致(区别在于 for-in 循环也枚举原型链中的属性)。

语法

Object.entries(obj)

参数

obj
可以返回其可枚举属性的键值对的对象。

返回值

给定对象自身可枚举属性的键值对数组。

描述

Object.entries()返回一个数组,其元素是与直接在object上找到的可枚举属性键值对相对应的数组。属性的顺序与通过手动循环对象的属性值所给出的顺序相同。

示例

const obj = { foo: 'bar', baz: 42 };
console.log(Object.entries(obj)); // [ ['foo', 'bar'], ['baz', 42] ]

// array like object
const obj = { 0: 'a', 1: 'b', 2: 'c' };
console.log(Object.entries(obj)); // [ ['0', 'a'], ['1', 'b'], ['2', 'c'] ]

// array like object with random key ordering
const anObj = { 100: 'a', 2: 'b', 7: 'c' };
console.log(Object.entries(anObj)); // [ ['2', 'b'], ['7', 'c'], ['100', 'a'] ]

// getFoo is property which isn't enumerable
const myObj = Object.create({}, { getFoo: { value() { return this.foo; } } });
myObj.foo = 'bar';
console.log(Object.entries(myObj)); // [ ['foo', 'bar'] ]

// non-object argument will be coerced to an object
console.log(Object.entries('foo')); // [ ['0', 'f'], ['1', 'o'], ['2', 'o'] ]

// iterate through key-value gracefully
const obj = { a: 5, b: 7, c: 9 };
for (const [key, value] of Object.entries(obj)) {
  console.log(`${key} ${value}`); // "a 5", "b 7", "c 9"
}

// Or, using array extras
Object.entries(obj).forEach(([key, value]) => {
console.log(`${key} ${value}`); // "a 5", "b 7", "c 9"
});

Object转换为Map

new Map() 构造函数接受一个可迭代的entries。借助Object.entries方法你可以很容易的将Object转换为Map:

var obj = { foo: "bar", baz: 42 }; 
var map = new Map(Object.entries(obj));
console.log(map); // Map { foo: "bar", baz: 42 }

Polyfill

要在较旧环境中添加兼容的Object.entries支持,你可以在 tc39/proposal-object-values-entries 中找到Object.entries的示例(如果你不需要任何对IE的支持),在 es-shims/Object.entries 资料库中的一个polyfill,或者你可以使用下面列出的简易 polyfill。

if (!Object.entries)
  Object.entries = function( obj ){
    var ownProps = Object.keys( obj ),
        i = ownProps.length,
        resArray = new Array(i); // preallocate the Array
    while (i--)
      resArray[i] = [ownProps[i], obj[ownProps[i]]];
    
    return resArray;
  };

对于上述 polyfill 代码片段,如果你需要 IE9 以下的支持,那么你还需要一个 Object.keys polyfill(如 Object.keys页面上的)。

规范

Specification Status Comment
ECMAScript Latest Draft (ECMA-262)
Object.entries
Draft Initial definition.
ECMAScript 2017 (ECMA-262)
Object.entries
Standard  

浏览器兼容

Update compatibility data on GitHub
DesktopMobileServer
ChromeEdgeFirefoxInternet ExplorerOperaSafariAndroid webviewChrome for AndroidEdge MobileFirefox for AndroidOpera for AndroidSafari on iOSSamsung InternetNode.js
Basic supportChrome Full support 54Edge Full support 14Firefox Full support 47IE No support NoOpera Full support 41Safari Full support 10.1WebView Android Full support 54Chrome Android Full support 54Edge Mobile Full support YesFirefox Android Full support 47Opera Android Full support 41Safari iOS Full support 10.1Samsung Internet Android Full support 6.0nodejs Full support 7.0.0
Full support 7.0.0
Full support 6.5.0
Disabled
Disabled From version 6.5.0: this feature is behind the --harmony runtime flag.

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