Object.getOwnPropertyDescriptors()

The Object.getOwnPropertyDescriptors() method returns all own property descriptors of a given object.

Syntax

Object.getOwnPropertyDescriptors(obj)

Parameters

obj
The object for which to get all own property descriptors.

Return value

An object containing all own property descriptors of an object. Might be an empty object, if there are no properties.

Description

This method permits examination of the precise description of all own properties of an object. A property in JavaScript consists of a string-valued name and a property descriptor. Further information about property descriptor types and their attributes can be found in Object.defineProperty().

A property descriptor is a record with some of the following attributes:

value
The value associated with the property (data descriptors only).
writable
true if and only if the value associated with the property may be changed (data descriptors only).
get
A function which serves as a getter for the property, or undefined if there is no getter (accessor descriptors only).
set
A function which serves as a setter for the property, or undefined if there is no setter (accessor descriptors only).
configurable
true if and only if the type of this property descriptor may be changed and if the property may be deleted from the corresponding object.
enumerable
true if and only if this property shows up during enumeration of the properties on the corresponding object.

Examples

Creating a shallow clone

Whereas the Object.assign() method will only copy enumerable and own properties from a source object to a target object, you are able to use this method and Object.create() for a shallow copy between two unknown objects:

Object.create(
  Object.getPrototypeOf(obj), 
  Object.getOwnPropertyDescriptors(obj) 
);

Creating a subclass

A typical way of creating a subclass is to define the subclass, set its prototype to an instance of the superclass, and then define properties on that instance. This can get awkward especially for getters and setters. Instead, you can use this code to set the prototype:

function superclass() {}
superclass.prototype = {
  // define your methods and properties here
};
function subclass() {}
subclass.prototype = Object.create(superclass.prototype, Object.getOwnPropertyDescriptors({
  // define your methods and properties here
}));

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
ECMAScript 2017 Draft (ECMA-262)
The definition of 'Object.getOwnPropertyDescriptors' in that specification.
Draft Initial definition in ES8 / ECMAScript 2017.

Browser compatibility

Feature Chrome Firefox (Gecko) Internet Explorer Opera Safari
Basic support 54 50 (50) ? 41 10
Feature Android Chrome for Android Firefox Mobile (Gecko) IE Mobile Opera Mobile Safari Mobile
Basic support ? ? 50.0 (50) ? ? ?

See also

Document Tags and Contributors

 Contributors to this page: DevelX, Neil, fscholz
 Last updated by: DevelX,