AudioContext.createMediaStreamSource()

The createMediaStreamSource() method of the AudioContext Interface is used to create a new MediaStreamAudioSourceNode object, given a media stream (say, from a MediaDevices.getUserMedia instance), the audio from which can then be played and manipulated.

For more details about media stream audio source nodes, check out the MediaStreamAudioSourceNode reference page.

Syntax

audioSourceNode = audioContext.createMediaStreamSource(stream);

Parameters

stream
A MediaStream to serve as an audio source to be fed into an audio processing graph for use and manipulation.

Return value

A new MediaStreamAudioSourceNode object representing the audio node whose media is obtained from the specified source stream.

Example

In this example, we grab a media (audio + video) stream from navigator.getUserMedia, feed the media into a <video> element to play then mute the audio, but then also feed the audio into a MediaStreamAudioSourceNode. Next, we feed this source audio into a low pass BiquadFilterNode (which effectively serves as a bass booster), then a AudioDestinationNode.

The range slider below the <video> element controls the amount of gain given to the lowpass filter — increase the value of the slider to make the audio sound more bass heavy!

Note: You can see this example running live, or view the source.

var pre = document.querySelector('pre');
var video = document.querySelector('video');
var myScript = document.querySelector('script');
var range = document.querySelector('input');

// getUserMedia block - grab stream
// put it into a MediaStreamAudioSourceNode
// also output the visuals into a video element

if (navigator.mediaDevices) {
    console.log('getUserMedia supported.');
    navigator.mediaDevices.getUserMedia ({audio: true, video: true})
    .then(function(stream) {
        video.srcObject = stream;
        video.onloadedmetadata = function(e) {
            video.play();
            video.muted = true;
        };

        // Create a MediaStreamAudioSourceNode
        // Feed the HTMLMediaElement into it
        var audioCtx = new AudioContext();
        var source = audioCtx.createMediaStreamSource(stream);

        // Create a biquadfilter
        var biquadFilter = audioCtx.createBiquadFilter();
        biquadFilter.type = "lowshelf";
        biquadFilter.frequency.value = 1000;
        biquadFilter.gain.value = range.value;

        // connect the AudioBufferSourceNode to the gainNode
        // and the gainNode to the destination, so we can play the
        // music and adjust the volume using the mouse cursor
        source.connect(biquadFilter);
        biquadFilter.connect(audioCtx.destination);

        // Get new mouse pointer coordinates when mouse is moved
        // then set new gain value

        range.oninput = function() {
            biquadFilter.gain.value = range.value;
        }
    })
    .catch(function(err) {
        console.log('The following gUM error occurred: ' + err);
    });
} else {
   console.log('getUserMedia not supported on your browser!');
}

// dump script to pre element

pre.innerHTML = myScript.innerHTML;

Note: As a consequence of calling createMediaStreamSource(), audio playback from the media stream will be re-routed into the processing graph of the AudioContext. So playing/pausing the stream can still be done through the media element API and the player controls.

Specifications

Browser compatibility

BCD tables only load in the browser

See also