The Math.pow() function returns the base to the exponent power, as in baseexponent.


Math.pow(base, exponent)


The base number.
The exponent used to raise the base.

Return value

A number representing the given base taken to the power of the given exponent.


The Math.pow() function returns the base to the exponent power, as in baseexponent, the base and the exponent are in decimal numeral system.

Because pow() is a static method of Math, use it as Math.pow(), rather than as a method of a Math object you created. (Math has no constructor.) If the base is negative and the exponent is not an integer, the result is NaN.


Using Math.pow()

// simple
Math.pow(7, 2);    // 49
Math.pow(7, 3);    // 343
Math.pow(2, 10);   // 1024
// fractional exponents
Math.pow(4, 0.5);  // 2 (square root of 4)
Math.pow(8, 1/3);  // 2 (cube root of 8)
Math.pow(2, 0.5);  // 1.4142135623730951 (square root of 2)
Math.pow(2, 1/3);  // 1.2599210498948732 (cube root of 2)
// signed exponents
Math.pow(7, -2);   // 0.02040816326530612 (1/49)
Math.pow(8, -1/3); // 0.5
// signed bases
Math.pow(-7, 2);   // 49 (squares are positive)
Math.pow(-7, 3);   // -343 (cubes can be negative)
Math.pow(-7, 0.5); // NaN (negative numbers don't have a real square root)
// due to "even" and "odd" roots laying close to each other,
// and limits in the floating number precision,
// negative bases with fractional exponents always return NaN
Math.pow(-7, 1/3); // NaN


ECMAScript (ECMA-262)
The definition of 'Math.pow' in that specification.

Browser compatibility

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See also