HTMLImageElement: x property

The read-only HTMLImageElement property x indicates the x-coordinate of the <img> element's left border edge relative to the root element's origin.

The x and y properties are only valid for an image if its display property has the computed value table-column or table-column-group. In other words: it has either of those values set explicitly on it, or it has inherited it from a containing element, or by being located within a column described by either <col> or <colgroup>.


An integer value indicating the distance in pixels from the left edge of the element's nearest root element and the left edge of the <img> element's border box. The nearest root element is the outermost <html> element that contains the image. If the image is in an <iframe>, its x is relative to that frame.

In the diagram below, the left border edge is the left edge of the blue padding area. So the value returned by x would be the distance from that point to the left edge of the content area.

Diagram showing the relationships between the various boxes associated with an element

Note: The x property is only valid if the computed value of the image's display property is either table-column or table-column-group; in other words, either of those are set directly on the <img> or they're inherited from a containing element or by being located within a column described by either <col> or <colgroup>.


The example below demonstrates the use of the HTMLImageElement properties x and y.


In this example, we see a table showing information about users of a website, including their user ID, their full name, and their avatar image.

<table id="userinfo">
    <col span="2" class="group1">
    <td>Johnny Rocket</td>
    <td><img src=""></td>
<pre id="log">


The JavaScript code that fetches the image from the table and looks up its x and y values is below.

let logBox = document.querySelector("pre");
let tbl = document.getElementById("userinfo");

let log = (msg) => {
  logBox.innerHTML += `${msg}<br>`;

let cell = tbl.rows[1].cells[2];
let image = cell.querySelector("img");

log(`Image's global X: ${image.x}`);
log(`Image's global Y: ${image.y}`);

This uses the <table>'s rows property to get a list of the rows in the table, from which it looks up row 1 (which, being a zero-based index, means the second row from the top). Then it looks at that <tr> (table row) element's cells property to get a list of the cells in that row. The third cell is taken from that row (once again, specifying 2 as the zero-based offset).

From there, we can get the <img> element itself from the cell by calling querySelector() on the HTMLTableCellElement representing that cell.

Finally, we can look up and display the values of the HTMLImageElement's x and y properties.


The CSS defining the appearance of the table:

.group1 {
  background-color: #d7d9f2;

table {
  border-collapse: collapse;
  border: 2px solid rgb(100 100 100);
  font-family: sans-serif;

th {
  border: 1px solid rgb(100 100 100);
  padding: 10px 14px;

td > img {
  max-width: 4em;


The resulting table looks like this:


CSSOM View Module
# dom-htmlimageelement-x

Browser compatibility

BCD tables only load in the browser