HTMLImageElement.sizes

The HTMLImageElement property sizes allows you to specify the layout width of the image for each of a list of media conditions. This provides the ability to automatically select among different images—even images of different orientations or aspect ratios—as the document state changes to match different media conditions. Each condition is specified using the same conditional format used by media queries.

Syntax

let sizes = htmlImageElement.sizes;
htmlImageElement.sizes = sizes;

Value

A USVString containing a comma-separated list of source size descriptors followed by an optional fallback size. Each source size descriptor is comprised of a media condition, then at least one whitespace character, then the source size value to use for the image when the media condition evaluates to true.

Media conditions

Each source size descriptor consists of a media condition as defined by the media queries standard. Because a source size descriptor is used to specify the width to use for the image during layout of the page, the media condition is typically (but not necessarily) based entirely on width information. See Syntax in Using media queries for details on how to construct a media condition.

Source size values

The source size value is a CSS length. It may be specified using font-relative units (such as em or ex), absolute units (such as px or cm), or the vw unit, which lets you specify the width as a percentage of the viewport width (1vw being 1% of the viewport width).

Note: The source size value must not be specified as a percentage of the container size; that is, lengths such as 50% or 100% are not allowed, as there would be uncertainty as to what the specified value is a percentage of.

Example

In this example, a blog-like layout is created, displaying some text and an image which for which three size points are specified, depending on the width of the window. Three versions of the image are also available, with their widths specified. The browser takes all of this information and selects an image and width that best meets the specified values.

How exactly the images are used may depend upon the browser and what the pixel density of the user's display is.

Buttons at the bottom of the example let you actually modify the sizes property slightly, switching the largest of the three widths for the image between 40em and 50em.

HTML

<article>
  <h1>An amazing headline</h1>
  <div class="test"></div>
  <p>This is even more amazing content text. It's really spectacular.
     And fascinating. Oh, it's also clever and witty. Award-winning
     stuff, I'm sure.</p>
  <img src="/files/16870/new-york-skyline-wide.jpg"
       srcset="/files/16870/new-york-skyline-wide.jpg 3724w,
               /files/16869/new-york-skyline-4by3.jpg 1961w,
               /files/16871/new-york-skyline-tall.jpg 1060w"
       sizes="((min-width: 50em) and (max-width: 60em)) 50em,
              ((min-width: 30em) and (max-width: 50em)) 30em,
              (max-width: 30em) 20em">
  <p>Then there's even more amazing stuff to say down here. Can you
     believe it? I sure can't.</p>
 
  <button id="break40">Last Width: 40em</button>
  <button id="break50">Last Width: 50em</button>
</article>

CSS

article {
  margin: 1em;
  max-width: 60em;
  min-width: 20em;
  height: 100vh;
  border: 4em solid #880E4F;
  border-radius: 7em;
  padding: 1.5em;
  font: 16px "Open Sans", Verdana, Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif;
}

article img {
  display: block;
  max-width: 100%;
  border: 1px solid #888;
  box-shadow: 0 0.5em 0.3em #888;
  margin-bottom: 1.25em;
}

JavaScript

The JavaScript code handles the two buttons that let you toggle the third width option between 40em and 50em; this is done by handling the click event, using the JavaScript string object method replace() to replace the relevant portion of the sizes string.

let image = document.querySelector("article img");
let break40 = document.getElementById("break40");
let break50 = document.getElementById("break50");

break40.addEventListener("click",
    event => image.sizes = image.sizes.replace(/50em,/, "40em,"));

break50.addEventListener("click",
    event => image.sizes = image.sizes.replace(/40em,/, "50em,"));

Result

This result may be viewed in its own window here.

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
HTML Living Standard
The definition of 'HTMLImageElement.sizes' in that specification.
Living Standard

Browser compatibility

Update compatibility data on GitHub
DesktopMobile
ChromeEdgeFirefoxInternet ExplorerOperaSafariAndroid webviewChrome for AndroidFirefox for AndroidOpera for AndroidSafari on iOSSamsung Internet
sizes
Experimental
Chrome Full support 45Edge Full support 13Firefox Full support 38
Full support 38
No support 33 — 52
Disabled
Disabled From version 33 until version 52 (exclusive): this feature is behind the dom.image.picture.enabled preference (needs to be set to true). To change preferences in Firefox, visit about:config.
IE No support NoOpera Full support YesSafari No support NoWebView Android Full support 45Chrome Android Full support 45Firefox Android Full support 38
Full support 38
No support 33 — 52
Disabled
Disabled From version 33 until version 52 (exclusive): this feature is behind the dom.image.picture.enabled preference (needs to be set to true). To change preferences in Firefox, visit about:config.
Opera Android No support NoSafari iOS No support NoSamsung Internet Android ?

Legend

Full support  
Full support
No support  
No support
Compatibility unknown  
Compatibility unknown
Experimental. Expect behavior to change in the future.
Experimental. Expect behavior to change in the future.
User must explicitly enable this feature.
User must explicitly enable this feature.

See also

Document Tags and Contributors

Contributors to this page: Sheppy
Last updated by: Sheppy,