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Ajoutez des éléments au système de menus du navigateur.

Cette API est modélisée dans l'API "contextMenus" de Chrome, qui permet aux extensions Chrome d'ajouter des éléments au menu contextuel du navigateur. L'API browser.menus ajoute quelques fonctionnalités à l'API de Chrome, notamment la possibilité d'ajouter des éléments au menu "Outils" du navigateur ainsi qu'au menu contextuel.

Avant Firefox 55, cette API s'appelait à l'origine contextMenus, et ce nom a été retenu comme alias. Vous pouvez donc utiliser contextMenus pour écrire du code qui fonctionne dans Firefox et dans d'autres navigateurs.

Pour utiliser cette API, vous devez avoir la  permission "menus" (ou "contextMenus" pour l'alias).

Creating menu items

To create a menu item call the menus.create() method. You pass this method an object containing options for the item, including the item ID, item type, and the contexts in which it should be shown.

Listen for clicks on your menu item by adding a listener to the menus.onClicked event. This listener will be passed a menus.OnClickData object containing the event's details.

You can create four different types of menu item, based on the value of the type property you supply in the options to create():

  • "normal": a menu item that just displays a label
  • "checkbox": a menu item that represents a binary state. It displays a checkmark next to the label. Clicking the item toggles the checkmark. The click listener will be passed two extra properties: "checked", indicating whether the item is checked now, and "wasChecked", indicating whether the item was checked before the click event.
  • "radio": a menu item that represents one of a group of choices. Just like a checkbox, this also displays a checkmark next to the label, and its click listener is passed "checked" and "wasChecked". However, if you create more than one radio item, then the items function as a group of radio items: only one item in the group can be checked, and clicking an item makes it the checked item.
  • "separator": a line separating a group of items.

If you have created more than one context menu item or more than one tools menu item, then the items will be placed in a submenu. The submenu's parent will be labeled with the name of the extension. For example, here's an extension called "Menu demo" that's added two context menu items:

Icons

If you've specified icons for your extension using the "icons" manifest key, your menu item will display the specified icon next to its label. The browser will try to choose a 16x16 pixel icon for a normal display or a 32x32 pixel icon for a high-density display:

Only for items in a submenu, you can specify custom icons by passing the icons option to menus.create():

Example

Here's a context menu containing 4 items: a normal item, two radio items with separators on each side, and a checkbox. The radio items are given custom icons.

You could create a submenu like this using code like:

browser.menus.create({
  id: "remove-me",
  title: browser.i18n.getMessage("menuItemRemoveMe"),
  contexts: ["all"]
}, onCreated);

browser.menus.create({
  id: "separator-1",
  type: "separator",
  contexts: ["all"]
}, onCreated);

browser.menus.create({
  id: "greenify",
  type: "radio",
  title: browser.i18n.getMessage("menuItemGreenify"),
  contexts: ["all"],
  checked: true,
  icons: {
    "16": "icons/paint-green-16.png",
    "32": "icons/paint-green-32.png"
  }
}, onCreated);

browser.menus.create({
  id: "bluify",
  type: "radio",
  title: browser.i18n.getMessage("menuItemBluify"),
  contexts: ["all"],
  checked: false,
  icons: {
    "16": "icons/paint-blue-16.png",
    "32": "icons/paint-blue-32.png"
  }
}, onCreated);

browser.menus.create({
  id: "separator-2",
  type: "separator",
  contexts: ["all"]
}, onCreated);

var checkedState = true;

browser.menus.create({
  id: "check-uncheck",
  type: "checkbox",
  title: browser.i18n.getMessage("menuItemUncheckMe"),
  contexts: ["all"],
  checked: checkedState
}, onCreated);

Types

menus.ContextType
The different contexts a menu can appear in.
menus.ItemType
The type of menu item: "normal", "checkbox", "radio", "separator".
menus.OnClickData
Information sent when a menu item is clicked.

Properties

menus.ACTION_MENU_TOP_LEVEL_LIMIT
The maximum number of top level extension items that can be added to a menu item whose ContextType is "browser_action" or "page_action".

Functions

menus.create()
Creates a new menu item.
menus.update()
Updates a previously created menu item.
menus.remove()
Removes a menu item.
menus.removeAll()
Removes all menu items added by this extension.

Events

menus.onClicked
Fired when a menu item is clicked.

Compatibilité du navigateur

ChromeEdgeFirefoxFirefox for AndroidOpera
ACTION_MENU_TOP_LEVEL_LIMIT Oui * Oui *

55

48 *

Non Oui *
ContextType Oui * Oui *

55 *

48 *

Non Oui *
ItemType Oui * Oui *

55

48 *

Non Oui *
OnClickData Oui * Oui *

55

48 *

Non Oui *
create Oui * Oui *

55

48 *

Non Oui *
onClicked Oui * Oui *

55

48 *

Non Oui *
remove Oui * Oui *

55

48 *

Non Oui *
removeAll Oui * Oui *

55

48 *

Non Oui *
update Oui * Oui *

55

48 *

Non Oui *

Example extensions

Remerciements :

Cette API est basée sur l'API Chromium chrome.contextMenus. Cette documentation est dérivée de context_menus.json dans le code de Chromium code.

Étiquettes et contributeurs liés au document

 Contributeurs à cette page : hellosct1
 Dernière mise à jour par : hellosct1,