AudioBuffer

La interfaz AudioBuffer representa un pequeño recurso de audio que se almacena en memoria, creado a partir de un archivo de audio usando el método AudioContext.decodeAudioData(), o de datos en bruto con el método AudioContext.createBuffer(). Una véz cargado en AudioBuffer, el audio puede ser reproducido pasandolo en el método AudioBufferSourceNode.

Objetos de este tipo son diseñados para almacenar pequeños trozos de audio, normalmente menos de 45 segundos. Para audios más extensos, los objectos implementan  MediaElementAudioSourceNode que es más adecuado. El buffer contiene data en el siguiente formado: non-interleaved IEEE754 32-bit linear PCM with a nominal range between -1 and +1, that is, 32bits floating point buffer, with each samples between -1.0 and 1.0. If the AudioBuffer has multiple channels, they are stored in separate buffer.

Constructor

AudioBuffer()
Crea y retorna una nueva instancia de AudioBuffer 

Propiedades

AudioBuffer.sampleRate Read only
Returns a float representing the sample rate, in samples per second, of the PCM data stored in the buffer.
AudioBuffer.length Read only
Returns an integer representing the length, in sample-frames, of the PCM data stored in the buffer.
AudioBuffer.duration Read only
Returns a double representing the duration, in seconds, of the PCM data stored in the buffer.
AudioBuffer.numberOfChannels Read only
Returns an integer representing the number of discrete audio channels described by the PCM data stored in the buffer.

Métodos

AudioBuffer.getChannelData()
Returns a Float32Array containing the PCM data associated with the channel, defined by the channel parameter (with 0 representing the first channel).
AudioBuffer.copyFromChannel()
Copies the samples from the specified channel of the AudioBuffer to the destination array.
AudioBuffer.copyToChannel()
Copies the samples to the specified channel of the AudioBuffer, from the source array.

Ejemplo

El siguiente ejemplo muestra como se crea un AudioBuffer  y rellena con un sonido blanco aleatorio. Puedes encontrar el código completo en nuestro repositorio: webaudio-examples; y una versión disponible: running live

var audioCtx = new (window.AudioContext || window.webkitAudioContext)();

// Create an empty three-second stereo buffer at the sample rate of the AudioContext
var myArrayBuffer = audioCtx.createBuffer(2, audioCtx.sampleRate * 3, audioCtx.sampleRate);

// Fill the buffer with white noise;
// just random values between -1.0 and 1.0
for (var channel = 0; channel < myArrayBuffer.numberOfChannels; channel++) {
  // This gives us the actual array that contains the data
  var nowBuffering = myArrayBuffer.getChannelData(channel);
  for (var i = 0; i < myArrayBuffer.length; i++) {
    // Math.random() is in [0; 1.0]
    // audio needs to be in [-1.0; 1.0]
    nowBuffering[i] = Math.random() * 2 - 1;
  }
}

// Get an AudioBufferSourceNode.
// This is the AudioNode to use when we want to play an AudioBuffer
var source = audioCtx.createBufferSource();

// set the buffer in the AudioBufferSourceNode
source.buffer = myArrayBuffer;

// connect the AudioBufferSourceNode to the
// destination so we can hear the sound
source.connect(audioCtx.destination);

// start the source playing
source.start();

Especificaciones

Specification Status Comment
Web Audio API
La definición de 'AudioBuffer' en esta especificación.
Working Draft Initial definition.

Compatibilidad de navegadores

BCD tables only load in the browser

Mira también