The Object.keys() method returns an array of a given object's own enumerable properties, in the same order as that provided by a loop (the difference being that a for-in loop enumerates properties in the prototype chain as well).




The object whose enumerable own properties are to be returned.

Return value

An array of strings that represent all the enumerable properties of the given object.


Object.keys() returns an array whose elements are strings corresponding to the enumerable properties found directly upon object. The ordering of the properties is the same as that given by looping over the properties of the object manually.


var arr = ['a', 'b', 'c'];
console.log(Object.keys(arr)); // console: ['0', '1', '2']

// array like object
var obj = { 0: 'a', 1: 'b', 2: 'c' };
console.log(Object.keys(obj)); // console: ['0', '1', '2']

// array like object with random key ordering
var an_obj = { 100: 'a', 2: 'b', 7: 'c' };
console.log(Object.keys(an_obj)); // console: ['2', '7', '100']

// getFoo is property which isn't enumerable
var my_obj = Object.create({}, { getFoo: { value: function() { return; } } }); = 1;

console.log(Object.keys(my_obj)); // console: ['foo']

If you want all properties, even not enumerables, see Object.getOwnPropertyNames().


In ES5, if the argument to this method is not an object (a primitive), then it will cause a TypeError. In ES6, a non-object argument will be coerced to an object.

// TypeError: "foo" is not an object (ES5 code)

// ["0", "1", "2"]                   (ES6 code)


To add compatible Object.keys support in older environments that do not natively support it, copy the following snippet:

// From
if (!Object.keys) {
  Object.keys = (function() {
    'use strict';
    var hasOwnProperty = Object.prototype.hasOwnProperty,
        hasDontEnumBug = !({ toString: null }).propertyIsEnumerable('toString'),
        dontEnums = [
        dontEnumsLength = dontEnums.length;

    return function(obj) {
      if (typeof obj !== 'object' && (typeof obj !== 'function' || obj === null)) {
        throw new TypeError('Object.keys called on non-object');

      var result = [], prop, i;

      for (prop in obj) {
        if (, prop)) {

      if (hasDontEnumBug) {
        for (i = 0; i < dontEnumsLength; i++) {
          if (, dontEnums[i])) {
      return result;

Please note that the above code includes non-enumerable keys in IE7 (and maybe IE8), when passing in an object from a different window.

For a simple Browser Polyfill, see Javascript - Object.keys Browser Compatibility.


Specification Status Comment
ECMAScript 5.1 (ECMA-262)
The definition of 'Object.keys' in that specification.
Standard Initial definition. Implemented in JavaScript 1.8.5.
ECMAScript 2015 (6th Edition, ECMA-262)
The definition of 'Object.keys' in that specification.
ECMAScript 2017 Draft (ECMA-262)
The definition of 'Object.keys' in that specification.

Browser compatibility

Feature Chrome Firefox (Gecko) Internet Explorer Opera Safari
Basic support 5 4.0 (2.0) 9 12 5
Feature Android Chrome for Android Firefox Mobile (Gecko) IE Mobile Opera Mobile Safari Mobile
Basic support ? ? ? ? ? ?

See also