Origin

The Origin request header indicates the origin (scheme, hostname, and port) that caused the request. For example, if a user agent needs to request resources included in a page, or fetched by scripts that it executes, then the origin of the page may be included in the request.

Header type Request header
Forbidden header name yes

Syntax

Origin: null
Origin: <scheme>://<hostname>
Origin: <scheme>://<hostname>:<port>

Directives

null

The origin is "privacy sensitive", or is an opaque origin as defined by the HTML specification (specific cases are listed in the description section).

<scheme>

The protocol that is used. Usually, it is the HTTP protocol or its secured version, HTTPS.

<hostname>

The domain name or the IP address of the origin server.

<port> Optional

Port number on which the server is listening. If no port is given, the default port for the requested service is implied (e.g., "80" for an HTTP URL) .

Description

The Origin header is similar to the Referer header, but does not disclose the path, and may be null. It is used to provide the "security context" for the origin request, except in cases where the origin information would be sensitive or unnecessary.

Broadly speaking, user agents add the Origin request header to:

There are some exceptions to the above rules; for example, if a cross-origin GET or HEAD request is made in no-cors mode, the Origin header will not be added.

The Origin header value may be null in a number of cases, including (non-exhaustively):

  • Origins whose scheme is not one of http, https, ftp, ws, wss, or gopher (including blob, file and data).
  • Cross-origin images and media data, including that in <img>, <video> and <audio> elements.
  • Documents created programmatically using createDocument(), generated from a data: url, or that do not have a creator browsing context.
  • Redirects across origins.
  • iframes with a sandbox attribute that doesn’t contain the value allow-same-origin.
  • Responses that are network errors.

Note: There is a more detailed listing of case that may return null on Stack Overflow here: When do browsers send the Origin header? When do browsers set the origin to null?.

Examples

Origin: https://developer.mozilla.org
Origin: http://developer.mozilla.org:80

Specifications

Specification
The Web Origin Concept
# section-7
Fetch Standard (Fetch)
# origin-header

Browser compatibility

BCD tables only load in the browser

See also