The onfocus property of the GlobalEventHandlers mixin is an event handler that processes focus events on the given element.

The focus event is raised when the user sets focus on an element.

For onfocus to fire on non-input elements, they must be given the tabindex attribute (see Building keyboard accessibility back in for more details).

Note: The opposite of onfocus is onblur.


target.onfocus = functionRef;


functionRef is a function name or a function expression. The function receives a FocusEvent object as its sole argument.


This example uses onblur and onfocus to change the text within an <input> element.


<input type="text" value="CLICK HERE">


let input = document.querySelector('input');

input.onblur = inputBlur;
input.onfocus = inputFocus;

function inputBlur() {
  input.value = 'Focus has been lost';

function inputFocus() {
  input.value = 'Focus is here';


Try clicking in and out of the form field, and watch its contents change accordingly.


HTML Standard (HTML)
# handler-onfocus

Browser compatibility

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In contrast to IE, in which almost all kinds of elements receive the focus event, almost all kinds of elements on Gecko browsers do NOT work with this event.

See also