Window: prompt() method

window.prompt() instructs the browser to display a dialog with an optional message prompting the user to input some text, and to wait until the user either submits the text or cancels the dialog.

Under some conditions — for example, when the user switches tabs — the browser may not actually display a dialog, or may not wait for the user to submit text or to cancel the dialog.


prompt(message, defaultValue)


message Optional

A string of text to display to the user. Can be omitted if there is nothing to show in the prompt window.

defaultValue Optional

A string containing the default value displayed in the text input field.

Return value

A string containing the text entered by the user, or null.


let sign = prompt("What's your sign?");

if (sign.toLowerCase() === "scorpio") {
  alert("Wow! I'm a Scorpio too!");

// there are many ways to use the prompt feature
sign = window.prompt(); // open the blank prompt window
sign = prompt(); //  open the blank prompt window
sign = window.prompt("Are you feeling lucky"); // open the window with Text "Are you feeling lucky"
sign = window.prompt("Are you feeling lucky", "sure"); // open the window with Text "Are you feeling lucky" and default value "sure"

When the user clicks the OK button, text entered in the input field is returned. If the user clicks OK without entering any text, an empty string is returned. If the user clicks the Cancel button, this function returns null.

The above prompt appears as follows (in Chrome on macOS):

prompt() dialog in Chrome on macOS


A prompt dialog contains a single-line textbox, a Cancel button, and an OK button, and returns the (possibly empty) text the user entered into that textbox.

Please note that result is a string. That means you should sometimes cast the value given by the user. For example, if their answer should be a Number, you should cast the value to Number.

const aNumber = Number(window.prompt("Type a number", ""));

Dialog boxes are modal windows; they prevent the user from accessing the rest of the program's interface until the dialog box is closed. For this reason, you should not overuse any function that creates a dialog box (or modal window).

Alternatively <dialog> element can be used to take user inputs.


HTML Standard
# dom-prompt-dev

Browser compatibility

BCD tables only load in the browser

See also