AudioContext.decodeAudioData()

The decodeAudioData() method of the AudioContext Interface is used to asynchronously decode audio file data contained in an ArrayBuffer. In this case the ArrayBuffer is usually loaded from an XMLHttpRequest's response attribute after setting the responseType to arraybuffer.

This is the preferred method of creating an audio source for Web Audio API from an audio track.

Syntax

Older callback syntax:

audioCtx.decodeAudioData(audioData, function(decodedData) {
  // use the decoded data here
});

Newer promise-based syntax:

audioCtx.decodeAudioData(audioData).then(function(decodedData) {
  // use the decoded data here
});

Example

In this section we will first cover the older callback-based system and then the newer promise-based syntax.

Older callback syntax

In this example, the getData() function uses XHR to load an audio track, setting the responseType of the request to arraybuffer so that it returns an array buffer as its response that we then store in the audioData variable . We then pass this buffer into a decodeAudioData() function; the success callback takes the successfully decoded PCM data, puts it into an AudioBufferSourceNode created using AudioContext.createBufferSource(), connects the source to the AudioContext.destination and sets it to loop.

The buttons in the example simply run getData() to load the track and start it playing, and stop it playing, respectively. When the stop() method is called on the source, the source is cleared out.

// define variables

var audioCtx = new (window.AudioContext || window.webkitAudioContext)();
var source;

var pre = document.querySelector('pre');
var myScript = document.querySelector('script');
var play = document.querySelector('.play');
var stop = document.querySelector('.stop');

// use XHR to load an audio track, and
// decodeAudioData to decode it and stick it in a buffer.
// Then we put the buffer into the source

function getData() {
  source = audioCtx.createBufferSource();
  request = new XMLHttpRequest();

  request.open('GET', 'viper.ogg', true);

  request.responseType = 'arraybuffer';


  request.onload = function() {
    var audioData = request.response;

    audioCtx.decodeAudioData(audioData, function(buffer) {
        source.buffer = buffer;

        source.connect(audioCtx.destination);
        source.loop = true;
      },

      function(e){"Error with decoding audio data" + e.err});

  }

  request.send();
}

// wire up buttons to stop and play audio

play.onclick = function() {
  getData();
  source.start(0);
  play.setAttribute('disabled', 'disabled');
}

stop.onclick = function() {
  source.stop(0);
  play.removeAttribute('disabled');
}


// dump script to pre element

pre.innerHTML = myScript.innerHTML;

New promise-based syntax

ctx.decodeAudioData(compressedBuffer).then(function(decodedData) {
 // use the decoded data here
});

Parameters

ArrayBuffer
An ArrayBuffer containing the audio data to be decoded, usually grabbed from an XMLHttpRequest's response attribute after setting the responseType to arraybuffer.
DecodeSuccessCallback
A callback function to be invoked when the decoding successfully finishes. The single argument to this callback is an AudioBuffer representing the decoded PCM audio data. Usually you'll want to put the decoded data into an AudioBufferSourceNode, from which it can be played and manipulated how you want.
DecodeErrorCallback
An optional error callback, to be invoked if an error occurs when the audio data is being decoded.

Returns

An AudioBuffer representing the decoded PCM audio data.

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
Web Audio API
The definition of 'decodeAudioData()' in that specification.
Working Draft  

Browser compatibility

Feature Chrome Firefox (Gecko) Internet Explorer Opera Safari (WebKit)
Basic support 10.0webkit 25.0 (25.0)  Not supported 15.0webkit
22 (unprefixed)
6.0webkit
Promise-based syntax Not supported (Yes) Not supported (Yes) Not supported
Feature Android Firefox Mobile (Gecko) Firefox OS IE Mobile Opera Mobile Safari Mobile Chrome for Android
Basic support ? 26.0 1.2 ? ? ? 33.0
Promise-based syntax ? (Yes) (Yes) Not supported ? ? (Yes)

See also

Document Tags and Contributors

Contributors to this page: pioug, chrisdavidmills, teoli, anirudh_venkatesh, Agamemnus
Last updated by: pioug,
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